China Refutes Multiple
Charges By US Step-By-Step
BEIJING (Agence France Presse) - China Thursday lifted the veil on its normally secretive nuclear weapons program claiming its own scientists had developed a neutron bomb and related technology to refute US allegations of stealing weapons secrets.
The State Council, China's cabinet, issued a 43-page report offering a point-by-point rebuttal of US allegations outlined in the Cox report -- the culmination of an 11-month probe by a special congressional investigative panel led by Republican Representative Christopher Cox.
The following is a step-by-step break down of China's refutation:
US charge: China stole information on seven US nuclear warheads
Beijing's reply: such information is openly available on the Internet, with 100 articles about the principle and structure of the neutron bomb found
US charge: China stole US thermonuclear weapons codes for new weapons
Beijing's reply: the codes mentioned are widely used codes for nuclear reactor engineering design and circulate among research institutes and universities of member countries of the International Atomic Energy Agency
US charge: China stole secrets of nuclear explosion tests of miniature fusion and anti-submarine microwave technology
Beijing's reply: Chinese scientist began researching one-beam laser technology in 1973 and produced neutrons in 1986. Between 1990-92 a thermonuclear fusion reaction was achieved through the method of indirect driving and thermonuclear neutron was observed. In the late 1970s and early 1980s China manufactured its own laser device for research into laser-based nuclear fusion.
US charge: China stole secrets through extensive exchanges with US nuclear scientists
Beijing's reply: Such exchanges were approved and carried out under supervision by both governments and strictly limited to the scope of nuclear proliferation prevention, arms control and environmental issues.
US charge: China stole US satellite technology
Beijing's reply: China began developing satellite launch technology in the 1970s when Western countries banned high tech exports to China. More than 40 satellites have been successfully launched since 1970, with China beginning to launch US-made satellites only in 1990.
US charge: Chinese scientist Qian Xuesen illegally brought to China information on the US Titan intercontinental missile program
Beijing's reply: Qian lost his security clearance to work on secret research in 1950, while the Titan program was determined in 1953 and development contracts only signed in 1955.
US charge: China stole US missile technology through commercial satellite launches and applied it to its missile program
Beijing's reply: Missile technology capable of achieving pinpoint accuracy is much more sophisticated than satellite launch technology, therefore it was unreasonable to accuse China of stealing US satellite launch technology to improve its missiles.
US charge: China illegally acquired US carrier rocket fairing technology (technology to encapsulate a satellite atop a rocket) in order to upgrade a multiple warhead missile fairing
Beijing's reply: The designs of a rocket and missile fairing are different and a rocket fairing design cannot be used to upgrade a missile fairing.
US charge: China stole US satellite technology during the process of launching US satellites
Beijing's reply: Extensive security regulations were in place and monitored around the clock by US government inspectors who reported no Chinese thefts or breaches of security during some 20 commercial satellite launches since 1990.
US charge: That a wide range of scientific, educational and cultural exchanges undertaken with China's "863 Program" for developing science and technology is a cover for Chinese espionage activities
Beijing's reply: Such accusations are "typical racial discrimination" and "the reappearance of McCarthyism."
US charge: That the "863 Program" is being used for biological warfare and nuclear weapons development
Beijing's reply: The program's gene research plan was clearly designed for developing new medicines, while the plan to develop a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor was basic research for nuclear energy. ((c) 1999 Agence France Presse)