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Urgent - 'Smallpox LIKE' Virus Hits Sudan
And Horses And Donkeys In Brazil

By Patricia Doyle
Exclusive To

Hello, Jeff - First, we are told of a Vaccinia - aka Smallpox-LIKE - Virus infecting horses in Brazil.  Now, there is what is being called an undiagnosed or 'SMALLPOX-LIKE' virus infecting livestock in Darfur, Sudan.

Are we being prepared to accept the return of Smallpox?  The new rise of an undiagnosed Smallpox LIKE virus might be a warning that, like Polio, Smallpox is poised for a comeback.

At this time, I think it is not prudent to open the borders and allow ANY unscreened illegals to enter the US or any other First World country,

Simultaneously, we see Polio and now a Smallpox like virus turn up.   We are seeing our health care system ready to crumble. 

Congress is preparing to take Medicare - that we over age 62 folks pay for - and make it a single payer aka socialized medicine freebee for all.   That includes anyone who makes it over the border, wall or not.   Can you imagine the absolute chaos of social medicine and our completely overwhelmed hospitals trying to treat all types of infectious diseases from tens of thousands of illegals.  

It is quite obvious that the first world is under a major assault from the globalists/zionists.


Published Date: 2018-11-30 09:23:20
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed disease, livestock - Sudan: (ED) capripox disease susp, RFI
Archive Number: 20181130.6171939

A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Wed 28 Nov 2018
Source: AllAfrica, Radio Dabanga report [edited] 201811280197.html

Cattle owners in East Darfur have made complaints about the emergence of a smallpox-like virus among their cattle. The state's veterinary departments have not yet been able to verify the complaints.

A number of cattle owners complained about what they called smallpox infections among livestock, sheep in particular, and pointed to the lack of medicine in the veterinary pharmacies in the state.

However, the East Darfur minister of animal resources, El Fadil Khalfiya, has denied the outbreak of such a disease among livestock.

On Mon 26 Nov 2018] he told Radio Dabanga that his ministry had not received any reports so far from the directors of veterinary departments or vets in the 9 localities of the state.

"There is a talk about the disease on social media, but there are no [official] reports so far," according to Khalfiya.

Communicated by:
< >

[A "smallpox-like" virus in cattle is most likely to be lumpy skin disease (LSD), caused by a capripoxvirus.

A "smallpox-like" virus in sheep is most likely to be sheep pox (SP), similarly caused by a capripoxvirus. The LSD and SP capripoxviruses are closely related, but clinical cross infection is not known to occur.

Both diseases are endemic in Sudan. According to Sudan's last annual report to the OIE, during 2017 10 new LSD outbreaks and 9 new SP outbreaks were recorded and (annual) mass vaccinations against both were applied.

Until further science-based diagnosis, from Sudan's official sources or from other professional sources, such as international agencies or non-governmental organizations becomes available, this event remains "undiagnosed". - Mod.AS

Maps of Sudan: < States_of_Sudan > and 30869 ]

See Also

Lumpy skin disease - South Sudan: (Lol, Wau) bovine 20161015.4561677
Undiagnosed diseases, livestock - South Sudan: (UN) RFI 20151026.3745241
Undiagnosed diseases, livestock - South Sudan: (UN) RFI 20121017.1348737
.............................. ml

Small Pox LIKE Virus Found In Brazil Horses And Donkeys

Published Date:  2018-11-27 10:57:48
Subject:  PRO/AH/EDR> Vaccinia virus - Brazil: equine 
Archive Number:  20181127.6166390

****************************** *
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Sat 24 Nov 2018
Source: The Horse [edited] getting-to-the-bottom-of- orthopoxvirus-in-brazilian- horses/

After several pox outbreaks in horses and donkeys in Brazil, researchers are still working to understand how the equids got the vaccinia virus, why humans don't seem to get it from equids, and why some equids get it in a population and others don't.

Scientists eradicated smallpox, caused by the variola virus, in the 1980s using a similar virus that caused pox in horses, cows, and rodents. Unfortunately, that similar virus -- vaccinia -- could very well have started its own series of pox outbreaks just a few years later in India, Pakistan, and Brazil. Since the 1st cases appeared in dairy cattle (and the humans that milked them) in 1999 in Brazil, the numbers have been increasing steadily. To date, the country has now had to manage 3 vaccinia pox outbreaks in equids.

A breeding center in southern Brazil reported the country's 1st official pox outbreak in horses in 2008, and several farms in southeastern Brazil reported the 2nd such outbreak 3 years later. Then a handful of donkeys and mules in the northeastern part of the country fell ill in 2014.

But mystery continues to surround these episodes -- how the equids got the vaccinia virus (VACV), why humans don't seem to get it from equids, and why some equids get it in a population and others don't. Iara Borges, PhD, of the Federal University of Minas Gerais Institute of Biological Sciences, in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and colleagues have committed themselves to finding answers.

"Studying the outbreaks of VACV in horses and, even better, studying and monitoring the circulation of VACV in equids, is important to help understand why outbreaks popped up in Brazil recently and, therefore, speculate over possible risks associated, such as an epidemic," she said. "It's been circulating in Brazil since at least the 1st reported outbreak in dairy cattle in 1999. So we want to know, why these outbreaks now? Are they related to the virulence of different strains? Are they related to the immune status of the affected population? Are they related to another simultaneous pathogenic infection? Can outbreaks be prevented, and if so, how?"

To try to address those questions, Borges and colleagues retroactively examined blood samples taken from more than 600 equids at 3 time periods -- including a 2-year period starting 5 years before the 1st official outbreak. The equids lived in 7 different regions of the state of Minas Gerais.

The scientists found that slightly more than 20% of the tested equids were positive for antibodies against any "orthopox" virus, even though most animals were selected for testing randomly or for reasons other than pox research, Borges said. In fact, many of these animals apparently never showed clinical signs of infection, their owners reported.

What's more, a significant number of animals from the early blood samplings had positive results -- meaning VACV was probably circulating among Brazilian equids for years before an actual outbreak and without anyone being aware of it.

"Our research indicates horses had been infected with an orthopoxvirus, and since VACV is the only orthopoxvirus ever detected in Brazil, we assume this immune response derived from horses' prior contact with this specific virus," she said.

Interestingly, Borges added, this wasn't surprising news to her research team. They'd long suspected "silent" VACV infections in horses in large part because of the role horses played in eradicating smallpox.

"The relationship among equids and VACV had been hypothesized to be older than the 1st outbreak reported, not only due to the similarities between VACV and horsepox virus," she said, "but also because horses had been used to multiply VACV during the World Health Organization's Smallpox Eradication Campaign in different countries around the world."

In other words, during the smallpox eradication effort, scientists had used horses to produce the VACV-based vaccine they used to immunize humans and destroy smallpox.

Vaccinia could appear in horses in other countries, even if the disease never travels out of Brazil, Borges said. "The smallpox eradication campaign took it to wherever it had not yet been," she said.

In India, Pakistan, and Brazil, these vaccinal strains might have "gone feral"--meaning they reproduced within their hosts and then spread on their own to new hosts. But it's also possible that the virus was already in natural circulation before the vaccine was developed, Borges said.

It's difficult to understand how VACV spreads, she added. Like most orthopoxviruses, including the cowpox virus, VACV can travel to various species, affecting each differently. It's possible it infects rodents who might carry it silently to horses, cattle, buffalo, monkeys, and humans. Scientists still don't know whether horses pass it to each other or to humans, Borges said. [She neglected to mention maybe human beings have passed it to other species. - Mod.TG]

While not a fatal disease, vaccinia pox in horses can be uncomfortable and unsightly. Affected animals develop contagious exanthemas (pox lesions) on their muzzles and mouths, which go through several stages: macule, papule, vesicle, pustule, ulcer, and scab. The lesions heal on their own after about 10 days if treated properly, Borges said. "That means the animals must not be submitted to work of any kind, and the lesions must be kept clean, ideally with iodine (2-3 percent solution) for topical use," she said.

"Humans must manipulate these lesions only with disposable gloves, and lesions must never be debrided," Borges continued. "Infected animals must be isolated from healthy ones (all animals, not just equids), and feeding/water recipients or horse equipment must not be shared with others."

In the meantime, officials and caretakers can reduce the risk of spread through good biosecurity across borders, said Borges. "A clinically infected horse with exanthemas must not receive permission to travel, even if the professional responsible for the exam does not recognize the lesion," she said. "Unfortunately, however, there remains the possibility the virus could be shed by subclinical horses."

The study, "Serological Evidence of Orthopoxvirus Circulation Among Equids, Southeast Brazil," was published in Frontiers in Microbiology.

[Byline: Christa Lesté-Lasserre]

Communicated by:
< >

[The relationship between the pox virus and the horses and other animals is an interesting intersection of species and disease. This article made me wonder who had the virus first? Or did we inadvertently in our vaccine development sensitize animals to this virus? It is clear from this article and from my own questions this is a fertile area for research, with more questions than answers. - Mod.TG

HealthMap/ProMED-mail map of Brazil: promed/p/6 ]