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Research On AIDS In Haiti 
From Alan Cantwell

Dear Marguerite Laurent and others...
Thank you for the information you sent me regarding the recent controversy among the Haitian-American community regarding the new proposed Haitian origin of "American AIDS." I am amazed to learn that the Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network is considering legal action against researchers who allege that Haitians were responsible for the transfer of HIV from Africa and ultimately into the U.S. (http://www.hardbeatnews.com/editor/RTE/my_documents/my_
Of course, so much that passes for science surrounding the "origin" of AIDS is nonsense and racist and reeks of disinformation - all in an attempt to cover up the MAN-MADE origin of HIV/AIDS. I am glad the Haitian community is resisting this latest display of "science" in which Haiti is "blamed" for AIDS in the Western Hemisphere. First, "they" blamed the monkeys in Africa, then "promiscuous" Africans, then drugs, then gay sex, then anal sex- all in an attempt to hide the most obvious evidence that HIV was created by animal virus transfer experiments in the Special Virus Cancer Program of the 1970s - and then seeded into African blacks and American gays (and into Haitians in Haiti?) via covert contaminated vaccine programs. This has been the subject of two book I have written on the man-made origin of HIV/AIDS. 
I wrote about the "Haitian connection" to AIDS in my 1988 book AIDS AND THE DOCTORS OF DEATH: AN INQUIRY INTO THE ORIGIN OF THE AIDS EPIDEMIC, (pp 124-136), published by Aries Rising Press, and still available from Amazon.com and elsewhere. Here are some quotes from the book, which may be of value to you and your group in terms of research- and what was said about the "Haitian AIDS connection" two decades ago.
Please post or forward to interested others.
From 'AIDS and the Doctors of Death' Alan Cantwell MD, 1988
"In 1982, a year after the official onset of AIDS, the first reports of AIDS cases in Haitians living in New York City, Newark, and Miami, began to filter into the CDC.
The epidemiology of Haitian AIDS was complicated by the fact that AIDS cases were also discovered in Port-au-Prince, and in the suburb of Carrefour, an area noted for its houses of prostitution.
At the time, American epidemiologists claimed it was difficult to assess the true extent of Haitian AIDS. There was insinuation of an alleged "cover-up" by the Haitian government, headed by the dictatorial Duvalier family. Despite the eventual ouster of "baby Doc" Duvalier and his subsequent exile to France, it still appears difficult to determine the extent of AIDS in Haiti. It may be that American scientists do no want to publicize the true facts about AIDS in Haiti because the facts could conflict with the well-established African origin of AIDS.
The discovery of AIDS in Haiti, and in "high-risk" Haitian-Americans, quickly led to a severe crippling of the Haitian tourist trade. U.S. scientists heavily promoted the theory that AIDS was brought to America by affluent, young promiscuous gays from Manhattan, who regularly traveled to Port-au-Prince and Carrefours where it was cheap and easy to have sex with Haitian men. Early in the epidemic, epidemiologists emphasized that AIDS was a homosexual disease acquired by the practice of anal-genital sex. The public was repeatedly informed that the "gay plague" was brought to America by Manhattan gays sodomized in Haiti. 
In his AMA interview (American World News, "An AIDS expert's grim message", December 5, 1986) , virologist Norbert Rapoza further detailed his elaborate theory on the spread of AIDS to America, "One theory of how AIDS migrated from Africa is that some Haitians used to work in Zaire (in Central Africa) and had returned by 1977, when an international conference of gays was held in Haiti, where the virus could have spread by sex or drugs or both and then have been taken back to New York and California". (Despite Rapoza's claim, there is no record of such a "gay" international conference in Haiti in 1977, or in any other year). 
Many Haitians do not believe the American story that blames them for bringing AIDS to the Western Hemisphere. Their strongest argument is the fact that AIDS in Haiti started about the same time that AIDS started in New York City gays. In fact, 
some Haitians use epidemiologic data to suggest that Manhattan gays brought the disease to Haiti!
The purple skin spots of Kaposi's sarcoma remain the unmistakable "mark" of AIDS. The first case of "fulminant" KS in a Haitian man was diagnosed in Port-au-Prince in June 1979, the same year the first gay cases were discovered in New York City. This case, along with 61 other Haitians who developed KS and/or other opportunistic infections between 1979-1982, was reported by physicians in Haiti in 1983. 
The Haitian doctors searched the hospital records but could find only one previous Haitian case of KS who was diagnosed seven years earlier, in 1972. There was no record of any other Haitian case before that year. The new Haitian AIDS cases were young (median age of 32 years), mostly men (85%), and most patients died within six months. One-third of the ADS cases also had tuberculosis. 
Fifteen percent of the men were bisexual. These bisexual men were considered the epidemiologic "link" between American and Haitian AIDS cases. According to Haitian doctors, some men "had had sexual relations with American homosexuals in New York and Miami."
The Haitian physicians emphasized "the first cases of KS and opportunistic infection in Haiti were recognized in 1978-1979, a period that coincides with the earliest reports of AIDS in the United States."
Jeffrey Vierira, et al, reported on ten of the earliest AIDS cases in Haitian men living in New York City, who were evaluated between January 1981 and July 1982. Vieira's group was surprised to find that none of the Haitians were gay or addicted to drugs. In New York City, what did heterosexual Haitians and homosexual men have in common? Unfortunately, nobody knew. But the CDC quickly declared that Haitian-Americans were at "high risk" for AIDS. The Haitians were a confusing "risk" group who belied the notion that AIDS was a disease of gays and druggers. 
New and bizarre theories about Haitian AIDS continue to flourish in the most prestigious medical journals. One persistent story is that Haitians could have been exposed to the AIDS virus during the preparations of "sorcerer's poison" from the brains of dead people, or through the ingestion of "human blood in (voodoo) sacrificial worship." Such notions prompted William Greenfield to write a Letter to the Editor, which was published in JAMA, (October 24, 1986). The letter was fancifully titled "Night of the Living Dead II: Slow virus encephalopathies and AIDS: Do necromantic zombiists transmit HTLV-3/LAV during voodooistic rituals?"
Almost a decade after the first case of AIDS was discovered in Haiti, the origin of Haitian AIDS remains a mystery. However, no scientist believes the AIDS virus "originated" on the island because AIDS is not a problem in the Dominican Republic, which shares the island of Hispanola with Haiti.
it is now clear that most AIDS cases in Haiti are heterosexual. Some reports claim that 40% of the cases are women. In this respect, the epidemiology of AIDS in Haiti is more like AIDS on Africa.
If Manhattan gays did bring the AIDS virus into America from Haiti, it is not likely they would have been the exclusive recipients of a sexually-transmitted virus which spreads so easily between heterosexuals in Haiti. 
In 1985 a highly authoritative textbook was published, entitled AIDS: Etiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention. The book was edited, in part, by Vincent DeVita, Director of the National Cancer Institute. 
Two NCI epidemiologists, James Goedert and William Blattner, clarified some details of the Haitian AIDS story. They concluded:
1) There is no evidence that the AIDS virus originated in Haiti, not is it possible at this time to determine whether homosexual tourists introduced AIDS into Haiti, or whether they returned from Haiti with the AIDS virus.
2) The incidence of AIDS in Haitians who emigrated to the United States since 1978 is 40 times higher that those who emigrated before 1978.
3) The disease in Haiti is concentrated primarily in Port-au-Prince and Carrefour (the latter area "reportedly being a center of male and female prostitution").
4) As many as one-third of the Haitian men with AIDS may be bisexual or "serve as prostitutes for American tourists."
5) At least one-quarter of Haitian cases are women.
6) There is no evidence that voodoo practices or ingestion of human blood contribute to the risk of AIDS.
Goedert and Blattner admitted "a complete explanation of the AIDS epidemic may never be possible." They reiterated that the key to AIDS may be the discovery of new AIDS-like viruses in Africa. In 1986, Biggar contradicted this view by presenting epidemiologic data which cast serious doubt on the African origin of AIDS.
These new details on Haitian AIDS renewed my interest in the underground theory which accuses the CIA of conducting secret biological experiments on male and female prostitutes in Carrefour. Proponents of this theory insist that prostitutes were deliberately injected with viruses during routine injections of antibiotics for sexually-transmitted diseases. The theory seems so bizarre, and yet there are statistical and epidemiologic peculiarities of Haitian AIDS that could be compatible with covert human experimentation. 
In this regard, the CIA has a long history of secret drug experiments on unwilling and unsuspecting American civilians. In some of these experiments which have recently come to light, victims were lured to hotel rooms for sexual encounters with prostitutes, and then subsequently drugged and monitored by CIA agents. These government-sponsored experiments which took place in New York, San Francisco, and other cities, are chronicled in A Higher Form of Killing. Although most Americans are unaware of these intolerable activities by government agencies, the questionable ethics of the CIA has become known to the public as a result of the recent Congressional Iran-Contra Hearings in 1987.
Something obviously happened in Haiti around the late 1970s to account for the outbreak of AIDS. Surprisingly, no epidemiologist has ever provided a satisfactory theory to explain why Haitians entering the U.S. after 1978 were forty times as likely to get AIDS. These peculiar statistics of Haitian AIDS are rarely mentioned in the scientific literature. Instead, many AIDS experts, (apparently unaware of the "official" epidemiologic stand on the Haitian issue in DeVita's AIDS book), continue to blame gays from bringing AIDS to America.  
Undoubtedly, world-traveling heterosexuals must have partaken of the AIDS virus during visits to the famed brothels of Carrefour and Port-au-Prince. Yet it is rare to discover an AIDS case in the scientific literature that was "picked up" in Haiti and carried to other parts of the world. Unbelievably, only New York City gays were blamed for spreading AIDS.
If AIDS was imported to Haiti from Africa, it is unlikely the epidemic would have broken out in Port-au-Prince and in Manhattan during the same time period (around 1979). If Haitian men were spreaders of the AIDS virus, it would seem reasonable to expect that sexually-active Haitians traveling to New York and Miami would also infect other Haitians living in America. If that were the case, it would seem likely that Haitian-Americans would be the first group to get AIDS in America. But the facts show that cases of AIDS in Haitians living in America were discovered in 1982, three years after the first homosexual cases were discovered in 1979 in New York City. 
Another peculiar discrepancy about AIDS is why Haitians were the only nationals in the world who brought AIDS back from Africa. In view of what we now know about the epidemiology and sexual transmission of the AIDS virus, it would seem a biologic impossibility for the Haitians to have accomplished this feat. 
Theories on the Haitian AIDS connection continue to flourish in the media. According to the Los Angeles Times ("Male prostitution and the heterosexual community", August 9, 1987), new data suggest that New York City gays brought the AIDS virus to Haiti! This is the new "official" story purported by Jean Pape, a Haitian-born physician "who has been researching AIDS in his hometown of Port-au-Prince since 1982." 
In the same article, Ronald St. John of the Pan American Health Organization in Washington also blamed homosexual men for spreading AIDS south of the American border. In his view, "In one country after another, the first case reported was always, always, some local who had traveled to the U.S. and was gay."
Neither Pape nor St. John provided a story to explain how an African AIDS virus could have initially seeded itself exclusively in young gay men living on the island of Manhattan, 
No doubt, experts will continue to provide "official" and unofficial theories about Haitian AIDS. It is possible that some day these stories will be among the biggest "fairy tales" ever reported in the medical literature. 
Alan Cantwell M.D.


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