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The USAF Space Command
And What it Does

By Ted Twietmeyer

The USAF Space Command - who are they and what functions do they perform? Now 25 years old, the agency it was formed it was announced with little fanfare. Since then, it has made all the noise of a church mouse stomping around on a padded carpet. We have heard virtually nothing about the organization in the media over all these 25 years.
For those of us who truly understand Uncle's megalomaniac mentality, the need for his people and organizations to brag in one form or another of their accomplishments is well known. This even applies to Uncle's super-secret, supposedly non-existent organizations.
The recent "news" that Uncle's people are listening to various forms of communications comes as no surprise ­ after all, this capability dates back many decades. Anything that Uncle tells claims he wants to start doing, means he's ALREADY been doing it for a very long time - sometimes for more than a generation.
Surprisingly, the US Space Command has an extensive web page bragging about the unclassified portion of their work. But classified projects will never appear on that website. Sometimes to understand what Uncle is doing, you have to look at BOTH what he states and what he doesn't state simultaneously. You also have to validate the statements which are made, since lying is commonplace for "National Security." Here is a photo of a group who received an award. You can see the Cheyenne Mountain Complex entrance in the background:
CHEYENNE MOUNTAIN AIR FORCE STATION, Colo. -- The NASA Johnson Spaceflight Center Group Achievement Award was presented by Astronaut Jeff Ashby (far right) to the Human Spaceflight Support Team for its exceptional support in keeping the space shuttle, International Space Station and its crews safe from the dangers of orbital debris, spacecraft collisions and other inherent hazards of orbit operations. Back row from left to right: William L. Howorth, Bill Schick, G. Taft Devere, Gerald Gill and Tom Miller. Front row from left to right: Stacy Petruna, Dave Ward, Lawrence Wilson and Robin Thurston. (U.S. Air Force photo) [1]
At first glance, this photo looks like another feel good "Atta- boy!" award to give them all a pat on the back. I call your attention to the interesting statement above for their picture caption, "exceptional support in keeping the space shuttle, International Space Station and its crews safe from the dangers of orbital debris, spacecraft collisions and other inherent hazards of orbit operations."
So just HOW did they keep everyone in space safe? It's important to note that neither the Space Station nor the Space Shuttle can ever make large orbital corrections. Only small changes or corrections are possible, and can often require more than one orbit to have a noticeable effect. Propulsion systems used to maintain correct orbit are simply small thrusters. NASA has already stated in at least one documentary "If the shuttle was to burn all the fuel it has at one time, it could only make an orbital change of about 5%." Why is this so? Consider what the two solid fuel boosters and the liquid fueled engines are that put the shuttle into orbit. Each solid fuel booster produces 1.2 million pounds of thrust. This powerful momentum (the result of great mass) must be overcome to make large orbital changes. Simple thrusters cannot overcome that massive momentum imparted to the vehicle during the launch phase. Therefore, maneuvering around a space object in the Shuttle's path is basically impossible. The same velocity was also imparted to the space station when it was launched in sections from the Shuttle payload bay, too. If this wasn't so, the Shuttle could never match velocity and orbit to mate with the Space Station.
And although an object in orbit is weightless in space, it still has the same mass as it did on Earth. Though related to one another, weight and mass are two different units of measure. So just HOW did the quiet US Space Command group protect spacecraft and the space-station from collisions and "other inherent hazards?" What does all this mean? If the Space Command was to call NASA and warn them saying something like "We thought you would like to know that a dead 10 ton weather satellite that didn't reach orbit, is in the orbital path of your space station. You might want to shift your Shuttle to a different orbital trajectory."
What could NASA do about it? Not a thing.
Now this is where things start to get interesting.
NASA has a space junk tracking system dating back to at least the days of the Apollo missions. A late friend of mine named Jerry was a former science curriculum director for a school district, a former Manhattan Project worker and an amateur astronomer who also worked on Project Moonwatch back in the 1960s and early 1970s. He owned get-away recreation farm land down in the southern tier of NY State - high atop a place called Pennsylvania Mountain (about 40 miles north of PA. near Hornell, NY.)
Jerry was part of a volunteer network of amateur astronomers around the United States who tracked space junk for NASA during the days of the Apollo missions. He used a massive, old Navy surplus battle ship anti-aircraft gun mount anchored in concrete to hold his telescope. Those working in project Moonwatch also needed the ability to do spherical trigonometry (not fun without a computer) to track the space junk. He started by getting a fix on several reference stars to determine his exact altitude, and he sent this data into the Smithsonian who was managing Moonwatch at the time. They performed the required calculations to give him the exact height of his location, which was not far from the flattened top of the mountain. This figure was later used in calculations to track space junk.
Amateur astronomers like Jerry all across America would scan the sky at night, calculate the location in the sky of an object and note the exact time using the shortwave time station WWV. This station is still broadcasting from Ft. Collins, CO. It also transmits the precision 750 KHz radio transmissions used by self- adjusting watches and clocks which are commonplace today. Moonwatch volunteers would send in this information and government computers would then plot the orbits of space junk. There were already about 18,000 pieces of junk in orbit back in the late 1960s. This would include anything such as discarded boosters that didn't fall to Earth, huge inter-stage booster rings which filled the open space between rocket booster stages, heat shield foil, dead satellites, probes, etc Even the smallest pieces of orbiting junk could be lethal to Apollo missions because of the high velocities involved.
Moonwatch was later discontinued when satellites and other government surveillance of the skies was established. In fact, the Moonwatch program was the inspiration for the structure of my website www.data4science.net, where we encourage people to become involved in scientific exploration in various areas too numerous to mention here. Is there a rule that exploration must be relegated only to an elite group of scientists? I think not, as do hundreds of volunteer members at Data4Science.net.
Let's get back to the US Space Command, which is part of the US Air Force. The agency claims to have prevented space junk collisions in space. The question remains, HOW can they do it? It is known that the Space Command has advanced secret spacecraft to exit and re-enter the atmosphere without using rocket technology. This would include but not be limited to vehicles such as the TR-3 made by Lockheed, or also called the black triangle, Black Manta, etc.. Spacecraft with these capabilities would drive NASA engineers into insane jealousy if they knew about it.
Undoubtedly, these triangles must be armed with particle beam or quantum weaponry, chemical lasers or electrically excited reactor powered lasers and other weaponry. These weapons could also be used to destroy objects in the path of the space station or space shuttle. There were several eyewitness reports of hovering black triangles firing at targets in Iraq during the early days of the war. There is a massive anti-gravity energy field surrounding these vehicles which interferes with all electronic devices, making it unlikely anyone could ever get images of them. War has historically been the best proving ground for all new weapons. In the UK, the press and media are forbidden under the UK Secrets Act from covering or reporting on sightings of black triangles. That act speaks volumes about whether or not black triangles exist. The TR-3 has been in service since the mid-1990's, and NASA's space program is now nothing more than on-going entertainment (theater) to distract the public.
The question is ­ when will the world be officially be told about the TR-3? Probably not until something else far superior comes along. This also means that anything NASA does in space is redundant, obsolete and an out-right annual waste of billions of dollars. Of course, their testing of fixed and rotor wing aircraft will always be an important function to perform ­ which is the "Aeronautics" part of the organization's title. Only those at the very top of the organization would be privy to knowledge of advanced space travel, if at all.
US Space Command's high technology procurements are rarely listed in the government's daily procurement publication Commerce Business Daily whenever I've checked it in the past .
My comments are enclosed in [ ]. I have underlined certain statements for emphasis.
* The United States rejects any claims to sovereignty by any nation over outer space or celestial bodies, or any portion thereof, and rejects any limitations on the fundamental right of the United States to operate in and acquire data from space.
* The United States considers space capabilities - including the ground and space segments and supporting links - vital to its national interests. Consistent with this policy, the United States will: preserve its rights, capabilities, and freedom of action in space; dissuade or deter others from either impeding those rights or developing capabilities intended to do so; take those actions necessary to protect its space capabilities; respond to interference; and deny, if necessary, adversaries the use of space capabilities hostile to U.S. national interests.
[Note the term to deny adversaries the use of space and the implication of control of space by the US.]
* The United States will oppose the development of new legal regimes or other restrictions that seek to prohibit or limit U.S. access to or use of space. Proposed arms control agreements or restrictions must not impair the rights of the United States to conduct research, development, testing, and operations or other activities in space for U.S. national interests;
* Strengthen the nation's space leadership and ensure that space capabilities are available in time to further U.S. national security, homeland security, and foreign policy objectives. Enable unhindered U.S. operations in and through space to defend our interests there; Implement and sustain an innovative human and robotic exploration program with the objective of extending human presence across the solar system;
* Maintain the capabilities to execute the space support, force enhancement, space control, and force application missions;
* Provide, as launch agent for both the defense and intelligence sectors, reliable, affordable and timely space access for national security purposes.
* Provide space capabilities to support continuous, global strategic and tactical warning as well as multi-layered and integrated missile defenses.
* Develop capabilities, plans, and options to ensure freedom of action in space, and, if directed, deny such freedom of action to adversaries.
* Have responsibility for space situational awareness; in this capacity, the Secretary of Defense shall support the space situational awareness requirements of the Director of National Intelligence and conduct space situational awareness for: the United States Government; U.S. commercial space capabilities and services used for national and homeland security purposes; civil space capabilities and operations, particularly human space flight activities; and, as appropriate, commercial and foreign space entities.
[Notice the statement above "human spaceflight activities." What other kinds of spaceflight activities could there be? Alien?]
* Establish and implement policies and procedures to protect sensitive information regarding the control, dissemination, and declassification of defense activities related to space. [Have any classified space activities been de-classified to date?]
* Coordinate on any radio frequency surveys from space conducted by United States Government departments or agencies and review, as appropriate, and approve any radio frequency surveys from space conducted by the private sector, State, or local governments.
* Where space nuclear power systems safely enable or significantly enhance space exploration or operational capabilities, the United States shall develop and use these systems. The use of space nuclear power systems shall be consistent with U.S. national and homeland security, and foreign policy interests, and take into account the potential risks.
* Orbital debris poses a risk to continued reliable use of space- based services and operations and to the safety of persons and property in space and on Earth. The United States shall seek to minimize the creation of orbital debris by government and non- government operations in space in order to preserve the space environment for future generations.
[A successor to the original project Moonwatch.]
* The design, development, acquisition, operations, and products of intelligence and defense related space activities shall be classified as necessary to protect sensitive technologies, sources and methods, and operations, consistent with E.O. 12958, E.O. 12951, and applicable law and regulation as amended.
[Here we see secret classification for certain projects.]
Note that these are just a few excerpts from the unclassified portion of the US Space Command policy which is publicly available. [1]
Is there anything this ultra-quiet organization might be doing which is indirectly implied? Most likely the defense of Earth from outside threats ­ perhaps the same threats Ronald Reagan referred in his UN speech when he was president.
Here is high quality broadband video from the US Space Command and some of the unclassified work they have been doing:
Ted Twietmeyer
[1] - http://www.afspc.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123063509
[2] - http://ostp.gov/html/US%20National%20Space%20Policy.pdf


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