- In July 2005, a small primate skull was discovered in
the desert of Tafilalet near Erfound, Morocco. It was in the sand
of a marble quarry where Devonian fossils were already found. Subsequently,
the skull could be around 360 million years old. Characteristic features
in the only 6.1 cm high and 3.9 cm broad fossil indicate the genus Homo:
a globular forehead and hind skull and an inferior position of the occipital
hole under the cranium, which is typical for upright body posture.
The fossil was called Homo alaouite, in homage to the Alaouite Dynasty.