Bird Flu Spreads From
Western Siberia
To South Urals

From Patricia Doyle, PhD
Hello, Jeff - Dr. Henry Niman was right again. Some migrations will probably take the H5N1 into the Balkins and onto Africa. Other migratory tracks may take it into western Europe and the UK.
From ProMED-mail
Bird Flu Spreads From Western Siberia To South Urals
Ria Novosti
About 113,000 birds have died as a result of bird flu spreading in Russia, the Agriculture Ministry said Wednesday.
The ministry's press release cites specific figures in 6 regions of Western Siberia and South Urals hit by the disease.
"According to the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Supervision, some 11,100 birds have died in the region's 13 districts," the press release said.
Lab tests confirmed the disease in 6 populated areas of the Altai territory, and the disease is suspected to have spread to another 12 populated areas in the region.
The veterinary service said the bird flu hit 6 areas in the Tyumen region, killing 18,100 birds.
In the Omsk region, the disease was discovered in 6 populated areas, where some 6,000 birds have been killed. Over 5,000 birds were killed in the Kurgan region, with the disease confirmed in 6 settlements and suspected in 12 others. In the Chelyabinsk region, 2 populated areas have been hit by the bird flu and nearly 500 birds killed.
The veterinary service said bird flu had been confirmed in 15 settlements in the Novosibirsk region, with another 25 suspected. "Some 70 000 birds have been killed in 10 areas," the press release said.
The veterinary service said bird flu had been confirmed in Russia's 35 populated areas, with another 69 suspected.
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Reported
To Be Spreading Into Western Russia
Eurosurveillance Weekly Report, Vol 10 (8),
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) seems to have spread westward in Russian bird populations. Authorities are reporting new outbreaks of infections in birds at 15 poultry farms around the city of Chelyabinsk, immediately east of the Ural mountains [1]. Preliminary results of polymerase chain reaction testing have indicated that this is type A/H5N1, which has also recently caused outbreaks in birds in South-East and Central Asia, and Siberia [2].
These preliminary results have yet to be confirmed by an international reference laboratory. Russian authorities are reported to be monitoring the human situation by daily home visits in the affected villages.
An avian influenza outbreak caused by another HPAI virus type, A/H7N7, occurred in 2003 in the Netherlands, with 89 PCR-confirmed human cases in people who had close contact with infected poultry or with poultry workers [3,4,5]. The A/H7N7 virus is considerably less pathogenic for humans than A/H5N1. Because of the threat of spread of the A/H5N1 virus by wild birds on their east-west migrating routes to the Netherlands [6], on 16 August, the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality advised commercial poultry farmers to keep poultry indoors at least until the beginning of 2006 [7]. This measure is designed to prevent contact between farmed birds and migratory birds which could be carrying A/H5N1.
Although EU Member States are strengthening their preparedness for a potential human influenza pandemic, preparedness for outbreaks on poultry farms also needs to be improved. Plans should include measures to protect individuals involved in the direct management of any HPAI outbreaks and minimise the risk for viral reassortment in humans and other animals [8], drawing on the experiences of controlling the Asian outbreaks by the Food and Agriculture Organization
Organisation Mondiale de la Sante Animale (OIE,
and the World Health Organization [9,10].
Effective preparedness and timely control of such outbreaks relies on a close collaboration between public health and veterinary sectors. Some European countries have or are developing integrated plans for the event of A/H5N1 occurring in EU poultry flocks.
References: Russian Federal Agency for Surveillance in the Field of Consumer Rights and Human Welfare, 16 Aug 2005 (in Russian)
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza
Now Reported In Russian Bird Populations.
Eurosurveillance 2005; 10 (8)
Fouchier RAM, Schneeberger PM, Rozendaal FW, Broekman JM, Kemink SAG, Munster V, et al. Avian influenza A virus (H7N7) associated with human conjunctivitis and a fatal case of acute respiratory distress syndrome; Proc Natl Acad Sci 2004; 101(5); 1356-1361.
Koopmans M, Wilbrink B, Conyn M, Natrop G, van der Nat H, Vennema H, et al. Transmission of H7N7 avian influenza A virus to human beings during a large outbreak in commercial poultry farms in the Netherlands. Lancet 2004; 363(9409):587-93.
Avian Flu Epidemic 2003: Public health consequences. 2004, RIVM rapport 630940004,
Munster VJ, Wallensten A, Baas C, Rimmelzwaan GF, Schutten M, Olsen B, et al. Mallards and highly pathogenic avian influenza ancestral viruses, northern Europe. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 2005 Oct [accessed 18 August]. Available from
Landbouw, Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit. Minister Veerman takes measures against fowl plaque. 16 Aug 2005 (in Dutch)
Human Health Issues related to Domestic Avian Influenza Outbreaks. Canadian Pandemic Influenza Committee and affiliated Working Groups, May 2005.
Food and Agriculture Organization, Organization Mondiale fe la Sante Animale, World Health Organization FAO/OIE/WHO Consultation on avian influenza and human health, risk reduction measures in producing, marketing and living with animals in Asia. July 2005
Human Health Issues related to Domestic Avian Influenza Outbreaks. Canadian Pandemic Influenza Committee and affiliated Working Groups, May 2005.
Denis Coulombier European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Stockholm, Sweden
John Paget, Adam Meijer, European Influenza Surveillance Scheme, NIVEL Utrecht, The Netherlands
Bernardus Ganter World Health Organization
[Maps with data on the Asian foci of avian influenza are available at the following URLs:
1. EU map, last update 1 Aug 2005 -
2. FAO/EMPRES maps, last update (Viet Nam) 27 Jan 2005
3. Asahi-net, last updated 27 Jul 2005
4. Relief web, last updated 20 Apr 2005
Subscribers who are aware of other updated avian influenza maps are invited to forward the relevant URLs. - Mod.AS]
Patricia A. Doyle, PhD Please visit my "Emerging Diseases" message board at:
Zhan le Devlesa tai sastimasa
Go with God and in Good Health



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