China To Get Its
Own Plum Island

From Patricia Doyle, PhD
From ProMED-mail
People's Daily Online
Beijing will establish an animal epidemic disease prevention and control center together with an animal disease information management and early-warning system, sources with the municipal agriculture bureau said on Sunday [1 May 2005].
The move is to strengthen the supervision over animal epidemics and improve emergency handling abilities for any exotic animal epidemic diseases, said an official of the bureau.
According to the official, Beijing will enhance the management for animal epidemic prevention, improve the animal epidemic prevention and supervision system, and integrate the veterinary technical resources.
The city also plans to establish an animal quarantine farm and 2 isolation and disposal stations for sick animals or contaminated animal products, while promoting experiments in chain distribution for pesticides, improving the archive management for the use of pesticides and animal remedies in plantations, and fish-breeding and poultry-raising bases.
In Beijing today, several animal epidemic disease testing stations have been established in the Beijing Zoo, Badaling Wild Animal World, and other zoos.
The general structure of the competent authorities dealing with animal health issues in the People's Republic of China (PRC) as as follows:
1. On the central level, there are 2 main entities:
a. The Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), comprising 4 principal bodies:
-The Bureau of Animal Husbandry and Health;
-The National General Station of Animal Husbandry and Health;
-The Animal Disease Monitoring Centre; and
-The National Institute for Veterinary Pharmaceutics Supervision.
b. The State General Administration of the PRC for Quality
Supervision and Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ).
2. On the regional and local levels, both of the above central structures have their provincial, municipal and other branches.
Regarding these, the following information (dated 2001) could be obtained from a report of an EU mission to China; see "DG (SANCO)/3461/2001 - MR Final":
There are 31 provincial, 374 regional (prefecture level), and 1990 county level animal husbandry and health bureaus (hereafter referred to as "regional veterinary authority" or "veterinary bureau") all over the country. As a functional agent of the relevant local government, the regional veterinary authority is located at the site of the relevant government, and its personnel and financial affairs are managed by that government. However, technical matters are directed by the central veterinary authority.
Under their respective authority (and for technical issues under the authority of the General Station of MOA), 31 provincial, 407 prefecture, 3117 county animal husbandry and veterinary stations have been established. (Some prefectures and counties have more than one veterinary station, smaller stations existing in the larger townships.) The stations are equipped for diagnosis and surveillance, animal health research, diagnostic and inspection services, and are responsible for the prevention and quarantine of animal disease and zoonoses, as well as the promotion and application of veterinary diagnostic techniques. The term "quarantine" is often used by the Chinese veterinary authorities to indicate not only quarantine at import or export of live animals, but also in relation to inspections and certification in relation to animal movements within the country itself or in view of animal health supervision. Their budget mostly depends on financial allocation from local/central government, but also on charges for providing animal health care.
The Beijing changes might contribute to commendable improved surveillance and reporting, hopefully to be followed by similar steps in other regions of Greater China. - Mod.AS.
Patricia A. Doyle, PhD
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Zhan le Devlesa tai sastimasa
Go with God and in Good Health



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