Scars Of The Planetary Wars

By Michael Goodspeed

When the gods of antiquity went to war, all of mankind was held rapt in terror. The titans towered over all of creation, blasting one another with lightning and thunderbolts, and the earth shook and the heavens caught fire. The sky was the theater of this terrible strife, and to the observers below, it was the End of the World.
These were the wars of the gods, as recounted in the great epics of mythology. In his Theogony ("the origins of the Gods"), the Greek poet Hesiod described Zeus in his battles with the titans. He wrote, "For all the titans' might, the blazing flash of thunderbolts and lightning blinded their eyes. Wondrous conflagrations spread through chaos, and to eyes and ears it seemed as though what they saw and heard was the collision of the earth and the wide sky above. For so vast a crash could only arise if earth collapsed under collapsing sky, such was the uproar of the battling gods."
And who were the Greek gods battling in the heavens? Greek astronomical traditions identified their greatest gods with PLANETS, most notably Zeus with Jupiter, Kronos with Saturn, and Ares with Mars. Given what we know about the planets today, these associations with "gods" and cosmic upheaval can only appear ludicrous. In fact, astronomers 2500 years ago noted the clocklike patterns of planets. So why then did ancient astronomers INSIST that in an earlier time, planets did not move on regular and predictable paths?
This was the profound question raised by Immanuel Velikovsky more than 50 years ago. In his bestselling book Worlds in Collision, Velikovsky argued that the planetary system as we know it today is NEW. He claimed that as recently as a few thousand years ago, the earth itself was disturbed by near collisions with other planets, and the result was the devastation of ancient cultures the world over.
Velikovsky was confident that the ancient celestial dramas could be RECONSTRUCTED by identifying the points of agreement between the ancient cultures. What Velikovsky found was a widespread human memory of planets moving unpredictably and creating catastrophe.
There is in fact a surprising consistency to the ancient record. In his Timaeus, Plato speaks of "a destruction of the things on the earth by fierce fire." He relates this world-altering catastrophe to "a shifting of the bodies in the heavens, which move 'round the earth." In the general Greek tradition, this "synodos" ­ or overwhelming catastrophe ­ was caused by a disturbance or "collisions" of planets. In the opinion of several experts (Franz Boll, Carl Bezold, Wilhelm Gundel), "the flood, the conflagration of the world, and other minor catastrophes were related to planetary motions and are to be interpreted as the result of disturbances of the movements of the planets." (Sternglaube Und Sterndeutung (Stuttgart, 1977), p. 93.
We see surprisingly similar ideas in Taoist and Hindu teachings, in Iranian tradition, and in early Chinese astronomical sources. In the Iranian Bundahish, the "planets ran against the sky and created confusion." In both the Chinese Bamboo Books and the Soochow astronomical chart, great catastrophe occurred when the planets moved "out of their courses."
But Velikovsky was completely dismissed by the scientific establishment. Astronomers claimed that Velikovsky had planets behaving in a way that "defied the laws of gravity." And in a sense, they were correct. Velikovsky did not share their confidence in the primary role of gravity in solar system history. He believed that another force ­ electromagnetism ­ once played a dominating role. And that, he said, is why the ancient accounts described heaven-shaking THUNDERBOLTS in the hands of the gods. Velikovsky was convinced that planets are charged bodies, and in episodes of instability, near approaches of planets caused devastating electrical arcs to pass from one body to another. These were the thunderbolts of the gods.
For several decades now, a number of independent researchers have sifted through both the historical and the scientific evidence to resolve the questions first posed in Worlds in Collision. Two of these researchers, David Talbott and Wallace Thornhill, have devoted more than thirty years each to this investigation. In Thunderbolts of the Gods, they suggest that the space age has already vindicated Velikovsky, though no one would know this from reading news releases in the scientific media.
Numerous probes have sent back images of decimated planets and moons. Every moon of the gas giants Jupiter and Saturn presents violently sculpted surfaces, precisely the opposite of what astronomers had expected of small bodies that had been "cold and dead" for billions of years. Scientists remain baffled by the stark surface features on both Mars and Venus, the two planets that figure most prominently in Velikovsky's reconstruction. The chasm of the Martian Valles Marineris would swallow hundreds of Grand Canyons, and would stretch from San Francisco to New York. Its very presence defies every expectation of planetary scientists. The planet Venus, a super heated cauldron with a surface temperature of nine hundred degrees Fahrenheit, has been completely resurfaced by forces the specialists still struggle to comprehend.
Talbott and Thornhill suggest that it is not possible to explain the surfaces of planets and moons today through any old paradigm. They claim that all of the defining features of these bodies mimic the scarring patterns of electrical discharge. It may appear as if "towering volcanoes" rise from the surface of Mars, or that great volumes of water cut the Valles Marineris. But as Talbott states, "It's only necessary to look more closely. For instance, the great mound of Olympus Mons, and the continental scale trench of the Valles Marineris, can now be viewed in extraordinary detail. The old explanations fail, while the electrical discharge hypothesis finds astonishing new support. This is why we are urging that laboratory experiments with electric arcs be performed to determine if what we are saying is true."
On every rocky body we've visited with our probes, we have encountered unexpected channels, called "rilles." Some are merely grooves undulating across the surface, and others are highly complex. But ALL, when studied closely in their geological context, pose insurmountable mysteries for planetary scientists.
Consider, for example, this simple rille on our moon, shown on the left above. When geologists looked at the picture, they hastily identified it as a channel cut by flowing lava. They did not stop to realize that the "tributary" of the primary channel shows a feature that is NEVER true of flowing liquid. The "tributary" connects with the channel at BOTH ENDS! In electrical discharge, however, this is not uncommon, as seen in the picture on the right ­ a tract left by an electric arc on a dusted metallic surface.
But there is much more to this. Electric arcs can traverse a surface in ways that are inconceivable for water -- disregarding elevation. This mystery of lunar rilles was never resolved; they incessantly travel up and down! An extraordinary example of this enigma is the Baltis Vallis on Venus, extending at least 6800 kilometers across the planet's surface. Scientists say it MUST be a lava flow, but are mystified as to how it retained a consistent width (between 2 and 5 kilometers) along its entire length. But even more mystifying is the vertical profile of Baltis Vallis, which moves UPHILL and DOWNHILL dozens of times, with an incomprehensible range of 2 kilometers from its highest to lowest points. (See Venus and the River Styx.)
Now look again at the picture of the electric arc above. Notice that down the center of the primary channel, there is a virtually continuous stream of small pits. A traveling electric arc is the only phenomenon known to produce this feature.
On a different scale, you can see the same stream of pits in the 40-foot furrow cut by lightning across the infield of a baseball diamond in the picture below.
Now look at the river of small craters winding along the great channel of Schröter's Valley on the Moon in the picture below.
Again, on seeing the stunning images of Schröter's Valley, planetary scientists could only think of lava flows. They disregarded the river of craters or pits, because they had no knowledge of electrical discharge phenomena.
To the electrical theorists, the true cause of "cratering" in the solar system is so far from popular belief that an intellectual revolution is required to understand it. The pictures returned by our space probes have conclusively demonstrated that the force creating rilles is the same force that has created the vast majority of craters on planets and moons. Look at the lunar rille below, with its numerous craters centered right on the channel, along with several elongated, scooped-out depressions. The form of these craters is indistinguishable from the form of craters in the close vicinity of the rille:
Planetary scientists can only identify those craters as "meteoric impacts." But in fact, way back in the 60's, an amateur astronomer in England, named Brian Ford, noticed something very interesting about lunar craters. He said that the ratio of large to small craters matches the ratio seen in electrical arcing. Within the scientific mainstream, no one followed up on this insight. But for the electrical theorists, the pattern is only to be expected. Their laboratory experiments with electrical scarring have shown surprising similarities to cratering patterns in the solar system.
One picture at shows a complex of craters produced by an electric arc. From the Picture of the Day, Craters in the Lab: "This cratered surface duplicates many characteristics of planetary geology. The craters tend to clump according to size, to fall in lines and arcs. Notice also that the ground appears burnt or discolored where the discharge was strongest and the craters the densest -- not unlike the surface of Mars and other rocky bodies in the solar system. The centers of some of the craters have raised bumps, as do many enigmatic craters on the Moon, Mars, and other surfaces. Also of interest are the dark streaks from two larger craters close to the center of the picture, a pattern similar to the 'wind'-streaked craters found on Mars."
Laboratory experiments have opened up a whole new opportunity for understanding planetary history. The recent landings of the rovers on Mars inspired one of the most revolutionary experiments to date. The rover Opportunity sent back images of a reddish-hued landscape littered with blue-grey spheres which planetary scientists called "blueberries." Later, the rover Spirit found similar structures on the other side of Mars. It is evident that countless spheres are embedded in the Martian soil. Where these formations occur on Earth, they are called "concretions," and the electric theorists have for years expressed confidence that they were produced in ancient times by electrical discharging.
It was this claim that encouraged plasma physicist Dr. C.J. Ransom to create a model of the Martian soil in his laboratory. The soil in which the "blueberries" occur on Mars is an iron-rich clay called hematite. In his very first experiment with an electric arc in hematite, Dr. Ransom was amazed to see the small, blue-grey spheres, impossible to distinguish from the pictures sent back by Opportunity.
In the picture below, the image on the left (Frame A) is of the Martian "blueberries," and the three color images in the center (Frame B) are of the spherules produced in the laboratory discharge experiment.
Ransom's experiment has profound ramifications beyond the Martian "blueberries." One of the well-known features of electric discharge is its SCALABILITY ­ meaning that what occurs on a small scale also occurs on larger scales. The orbiting Themis cameras found craters with domes or spheres resting within them. (See Frame C in the picture above.) These are at a completely different scale than the "blueberries," but look surprisingly similar. And the sizes range from the smallest dimensions that can be discerned with the orbiting camera (less than two hundred meters) up to greater than a KILOMETER in diameter. If these craters were caused by meteors, the "spheres" are preposterous. So the electrical discharge experiments have provided the ONLY scientific explanation for them. The only reasonable conclusion is that both the "blueberries" and the domed craters were produced by the same electrical force, acting on widely different scales.
The list of correspondences between laboratory discharge effects and planetary surface features has been enumerated through a series of "Pictures of the Day" on This includes the looping channels cut across the global surface of Jupiter's moon Europa , the traveling "volcanoes" etching the surface of the Jovian moon , the highly filamentary hemispheric channels on Saturn's moon Enceladus , and the so-called arachnoids dominating the entire equatorial region of Venus.
Talbott and Thornhill tell us that these planetary scars are the remnants of the ancient "wars of the gods," when planets were immersed in electrical discharge, and exchanging cosmic thunderbolts. All of the planets and moons were, from pole to pole, re-sculpted by violent electrical activity. It is the pioneers of science who will follow the evidence to its conclusion. Wherever it may lead, the picture of space will be forever changed.
Dr C.J. Ransom's and Wallace Thornhill's paper on the laboratory-generated spherules will be presented at the national meeting of the American Phyiscal Society, in Tampa Florida, April 17, 2005. The abstract is available at the APS website--
Structures On Planets And Moons From War?
By Ted Twietmeyer
Domes And Fused Globes - Planetary Wars?
First, I must agree that electrical discharges can and will cause molten globules. I did this 35 years ago with a Tesla coil and steel wool. It is also hot enough to burn pin holes through the side of a glass jar. We will also show that not all domes originate from electrical arcs or wars.
Globules, Domes, Trenches And Electrical Discharges
To create such massive molten globules with electricity on the surface of a planet or moon and be visible from orbit, could require power levels easily in excess of one trillion watts we shall see. This figure is easily derived by comparing observed effects of electrical discharges which we will do later. Typical objects visible from space are 1 meter or more in size, which often represents about one 1 pixel in a satellite image. Optics can bring imaging to the limits of diffraction imposed by atmosphere (or a remnant thereof) and other factors. We will explore the power levels required to create these structures on a planet or moon surface.
Electrical Discharge Effects
The diameter of any electrical discharge is comparatively small in relation to the length. An arc is a plasma, and requires a gas to be present. On many moons no gas exists. The area melted into a molten mass by a static discharge is determined by:
1. Material
2. Ambient temperature
3. Atmospheric effects
4. Actual current flow and voltage during the discharge
5. Duration of the discharge
6. Diameter of the arc
7. The surface area at the source end of the arc. This can determine the maximum arc diameter depending on other conditions.
AC and DC electricity provide a constant flow of current at a given voltage. A battery is a good example. Static electricity is an instantaneous event, and is never continuous. Even a static generators like Van DeGraff or Whimhurst machines, require time to build up a charge. A spark gap device is often used to initiate a discharge.
Static electricity is without motion until discharge takes place. It "resides" on surface of an object. Unlike battery power, static can reside on either an insulator OR a conductor.
An object isolated from the earth in motion such as an airplane will also build up a considerable electrical charge. Airplanes of all types are inherently insulated from the earth's surface by rubber tires, just like your car or truck. When airliners are refueled a grounding cable is always attached first to discharge the plane, to prevent sparks from static electricity from igniting fuel vapors.
Two planetary bodies in space passing very close enough to each other with very large static potentials present, could arc to one another until the charges on both moons or planets were neutralized. This would be a random event that would not last long. Such arcs would also randomly impact each body. This has not yet been observed to take place, but well established laws of electricity state that it would. However, two planets or moons passing this close to one another, would most likely collide shortly after discharge. We do not yet know if earth's moon has a static potential polarity with regard to the earth, as there is no way to make such a measurement.
Why Static Electricity Is Different
Static electricity is considered an instantaneous event and is the result of a discharge from a charged body or object. For example, walking across a carpet and touching a doorknob. Although the actual voltage can be up to 1 million volts or more, thankfully there is very little current flowing with this voltage. When the difference in electrical charge between you and the doorknob equalizes, the current flow drops off and the arc extinguishes. Static electricity is created by the tribolelectric effect, and can be stored in a capacitor.
Since the length of this electrical pulse is very fast, there is far less pain associated with it than one would expect. Nerves require several milliseconds to respond to pain, and a static discharge is near this time threshold. A 1/4 second electrical shock from a wall outlet which is thousands of times lower in voltage than a static discharge, is considerably more painful as most of us know. Discharging yourself through your knuckle instead of your fingertip also hurts less.
About Lightning
Dale Electronics has been a manufacturer of spike and lightning suppression devices and numerous other electronic components. In the 1980's it was estimated lightning contained about 2 million volts at 60,000 amps. Decades ago Dale introduced a circuit-breaker panel spike suppression tube device. This could handle an electrical spike induced in power lines, by rotating the arc around inside a gas filled tube wound with a coil. (It couldn't survive a direct lightning bolt hit, but will suppress spikes induced in power lines from lightning bolts.) Lightning is classified as static electricity.
Understanding Power And Energy Required To
Create Structures On Planets And Moons
Few people consider the problem of scaling up lightning experiments in a laboratory, to create molten domes or spheres visibly from orbit. Lightning bolts can create small jagged fulgurite structures. These are frequently found in sand or sandy soil. If you are not familiar with these, there are pictures for you here at
Established lightning research performed in the western USA on a mountain top has shown that the average lightning bolt is just one-half inch in diameter. It appears much bigger because the eye is fooled by the intensity. Also, note that fulgurite are not domed shaped, but are random in structure.
What would we need to create giant trenches, domes and rills on moons and planets? To create these structures many miles long as shown in the photos (above) requires a SUSTAINED, artificially-generated power level far higher than ordinary lightning. If the power (a beam of energy) was a pulsed discharge (as takes place with static electricity generation) the trenches should show this and would not be continuous. Trenches, rills and domes must be very, very large to be seen from orbit at their apparent size shown. Formation of these structures doesn't completely fit the water erosion model. The edges of the square walled trenches require a well formed, controlled beam diameter.
Domes - More Than One Type
We can show it is patently wrong to categorize all domes as created by electrical discharges. The image below shows a dimpled, well structured dome currently located in a crater on Mars. I have included this image below from NASA, which was never explained by them. NASA scientists have always sided against any intelligent life forming any structures found in our solar system, even though they claim to seek this out.
Without image processing and magnification the above structure would have never been observed. And it would have been categorized as just another dome of material. Since NASA cannot explain it away, they are silent about it. I've shown these images to image processing scientists myself, and they just fall silent. It's taboo to talk of outside intelligent life, despite what the Drake Equation has to say about the certainty of it.
What is apparent however, is that an energy beam must have been employed using some type of unknown technology to melt millions of tons of moon or planetary material to create these structures and objects. A war may or may not have been the reason for forming these structures. It may also be the result of a form of planetary engineering as a way to control the flow of water, to create boundaries for land regions or other unknown purposes.
It is also not known if any of these domes are HOLLOW, which is also entirely possible.
There may also be a "matter" beam type associated with forming these rills, trenches and domes. Hypothetically, one type of beam could cause material to be removed (forming trenches) and another beam type causes material to form dome shapes or rills. In any case, the image above seems to clearly convey some intelligent method of physical construction.
Perhaps we will know the truth one day in our lifetimes. But I wouldn't count on NASA to tell us...
Ted Twietmeyer
Response to Ted Twietmeyer
From Michael Goodspeed
Twietmeyer raises the issue of scalability in electric discharge phenomena. But the most accomplished expert on such phenomena, Anthony Peratt, following the work of Nobel Laureate Hannes Alfven, has shown that plasma discharge structures are scalable up to GALACTIC dimensions, and beyond. (See Thunderbolts of the Gods, Chapter I,
pages 19-21,
Twietmeyer wrote, "An arc is a plasma, and requires a gas to be present."
This statement could easily confuse a reader. It is plasma, not inert gas, that makes the "electric universe" possible. Neutral plasma has certain similarities to a gas, but the differences are profound, and these differences give rise to the description of plasma as the fourth state of matter, or the FUNDAMENTAL state of matter, making up 99.999% of the known universe. Plasma is highly conductive, and electric currents flowing through plasma produce STRUCTURES that cannot be achieved by any other force in nature. Peratt's experiments, for example, have demonstrated dozens of configurations that are unique to plasma discharge. This work is going to have a mind-altering on the scientific community, because Peratt has more recently shown that only a few thousand years ago, Earth itself moved through a much more electrified environment than today. The very forms he has documented in the laboratory were seen in the sky of our early ancestors, who recorded them in meticulous detail - by the MILLIONS - on stone. (See Plasma on Stone,)
A common misconception is the idea that the "vacuum" of space precludes electric currents from flowing through the solar system. But our solar system, like the visible universe as a whole, is teeming with current-carrying plasma, distinguished by the presence of charged particles. One obvious indicator of electric fields in space is the acceleration of the solar wind. As charged particles explode from the sun, they continue to accelerate outward past the planets. This is what electric fields do; they accelerate charged particles.
To understand the model of charged planets and moons revolving around an electric sun, it is essential that one not get trapped in concepts of static electricity. On the Thunderbolts Picture of the Day, Of Pith Balls and Plasma, the distinction is made clear:
"A common mistake when first trying to understand the Electric Universe is to think in terms of electrostatics. Experiments with pith balls in Freshman Physics Lab come to mindThe Electric Universe model is based on electrodynamics. And not simply on Freshman Physics electrodynamics from a textbook but on the electrical behavior of plasma as observed in laboratories and by spacecraft. Understanding actual plasma behavior requires rejecting familiar presuppositions: Bodies immersed in plasma aren't isolated; they are connected by circuits. They often aren't at equilibrium; most astronomical bodies are radiating energy because they are in unstable conditions and are moving toward equilibrium. Currents in plasma contract into linear filaments; and the force between filaments decreases linearly with distance, which makes it the most powerful long-range force in the universe. Plasma divides into cells that are separated by capacitor-like double layers; and this ensures that plasma phenomena are characterized by conditions of non-isotropy, discontinuity and inhomogeneity."
If the electric theorists are correct, then no artificially generated "energy beam" can compare to the power displayed by the electric force in the heavens.
This power of electricity is vastly greater than commonly recognized. Cosmologists continually toy with the gravitational force, barely cognizant that the electric force is ten to the thirty-ninth power (a thousand, billion, billion, billion, billion times) more powerful.
Given what we now see in remote space, including coherent discharge filaments and structures spanning LIGHT YEARS, the generation of domes of a few hundred meters diameter is a trivial requirement.
From this vast vantage point, the laboratory replication of the Martian spherules ("blueberries") is of staggering significance, which extends far beyond the presence of these BB-sized spheres on Mars. Electric discharge does not care about size, and spheres of wide-ranging dimensions occur even on the earth without explanation. (See "Martian 'Blueberries' in the Lab TPOD,).



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