- INFECTIOUS PANCREATIC NECROSIS, TROUT - UK (SCOTLAND)
- A ProMED-mail post ProMED-mail is a program of the International
Society for Infectious Diseases
- Warning Of Epidemic On Salmon Farms
- By Paul Kelbie
The Independent - UK
- Anti salmon-farm campaigners fear that Scotland could
be facing a foot-and-mouth-style epidemic after the discovery of a deadly
wasting disease among stocks at more than 70 percent of fish farms.
- Infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) has been found in
7 out of 10 sea cage salmon farms. Although harmless to humans, IPN can
kill up to 80 percent of susceptible fish.
- A report, published by the Fisheries Research Service
for the Scottish Executive, in December 2003, revealed that positive tests
for the virus had increased from less than 50 percent in 2000 to 82 percent
- "Infectious diseases are spreading like wildfire
throughout the Scottish salmon farming sector," Don Staniford, managing
director of the Salmon Farm Protest Group, said. But John Webster, of Scottish
Quality Salmon, said yesterday [1 Jun 2004] that the fears had been exaggerated.
- ProMED-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
-  Date: Sun 6 Jun 2004 From: ProMED-mail email@example.com
Source: Fisheries Research Services (FRS) web-site, accessed 6 Jun 2004
- [The expressed views of political campaigners regarding
IPN, and fish-farming, in Scotland call for the posting of an excerpt from
the original document cited above: "Final report of the Aquaculture
Health Joint Working Group subgroup on infectious pancreatic necrosis in
Scotland. 95 pages. Aberdeen, December 2003". Interested readers may
refer to the URL for the full text of the Report. (FRS is an agency of
the Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department). - Mod.AS].
- Chapter 3.4: A description of the regional and temporal
patterns of IPN virus prevalence in Scottish salmon farms 1996-2002: conclusions
----------------------------------------------- IPN virus became widespread
on Scottish salmon farms during the period 1996-2002. Prevalence shows
a large variation, IPN virus being the most common (88 percent prevalence),
in Shetland marine sites in 2002, while remaining undetected in fresh water
sites in the Outer Hebrides for several years. Prior to 2001, this variation
was largely controlled by differences between regions, with the effect
of differences between fresh water and sea water environments, and year-to-year
differences, being of secondary significance.
- Recently, the role of regional differences has declined,
while that of inter-annual variation has increased. Seasonal differences
in IPN virus prevalence are small in spite of large differences in case
- Year-to-year differences are highly significant in that,
except in the southern mainland, this variance reflects a trend of increasing
IPN virus prevalence at an annual rate of 3 percent in fresh water and
7.6 percent in sea water, but local increases sometimes happen faster than
- In Orkney, the northern mainland, and, particularly,
the Outer Hebrides, these increases were from low to moderately high levels.
However, in Shetland, the initial prevalence was not low, so IPN virus
had become almost ubiquitous in sea water by 2000. By 2002, very high prevalence
had been reached in marine waters in almost all areas. In fresh water sites,
the prevalence of IPN virus also shows rapid increase, which is faster
in Shetland fresh water sites than in fresh water sites elsewhere. More
statistical analysis of the data for 1996-2001 is available elsewhere.
- This analysis is a description of the FRS Fish Health
Inspectorate's data set, and biases with respect to real IPN virus prevalence
may result from the different purposes for which these data were collected.
However, levels of prevalence correspond closely to the number of farms
under movement restriction. Moreover, the patterns obtained from these
data should be buffered against such biases, being dependent on relative
prevalence. These patterns of declining regional variation, and, a general,
but not universal, increase in prevalence of IPN virus, are striking.
- -- ProMED-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
- [Our moderator, MHJ, has added the following remark:
"It is worth noting that there are striking markers for climate change
in the UK in recent years, from birds, to butterflies, to, in this case,
fish diseases, and the possibility of WNV".
- Though using FMD terminology in relation to IPN does
not reflect an overly scientific attitude, the campaigners' concern is
understandable. We shall be glad to obtain and post first-hand data on
IPN's evolution in Scotland during 2003 and the current year 2004. - Mod.AS].
- Patricia A. Doyle, PhD Please visit my "Emerging
Diseases" message board at: http://www.clickitnews.com/ubbthreads/postlist.php?Cat=&Board=emergingdiseases
Zhan le Devlesa tai sastimasa Go with God and in Good Health