(Reuters) - Only
3.8 percent of Chinese know how HIV/AIDS is
transmitted, according to a
survey of 3,824 people in cities and
villages throughout China.
- The Guangming Daily said on Thursday the survey by the
Ministry of Health and the People's University of China asked people aged
between 20 and 64 if HIV/AIDS could be transmitted through blood, semen,
the air, food and from touching the skin of an infected person.
- Only 3.8 percent
correctly identified blood and semen
as the only ways to become
infected with HIV/AIDS, the newspaper said.
- It said the survey, published
on the eve of World AIDS
Day, showed that 53.6 percent thought they
could become infected by using
chopsticks and bowls after an
HIV-positive person had used them.
- Another 49.5 percent thought
they could become infected
after sneezing and 29.5 percent through
- And 45.3 percent thought that using a condom would not
- ``It's worrying that people are unclear about the ways
transmitted and severely fear AIDS appearing,'' Professor Bo Suiming
the People's University was quoted as saying.
- Efforts to promote sex
education and the use of condoms
often run into a wall of conservative
attitudes in China.
- Advertising or promoting condoms is also seen as
promiscuity and China's first national condom advert was
last year because promoting sex products conflicted
with China's social
conventions and morals.
- HIV/AIDS sufferers often
experience prejudice from neighbors
- A man named Hu, whose family
became infected after his
wife was given a blood transfusion in a
hospital when she gave birth, was
told by his boss to ``go home and get
better,'' rather than go to the office,
the Beijing Evening Daily said
- The Health Ministry is aware of the problem, said Edwin
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) representative in China.
- Vice Health Minister
``Yin Dakui was very forthright
about this problem, beseeching the
press to take this message out about
the emergency nature of this
problem,'' Judd told Reuters in a recent interview.
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