Cow Brain Tissue Found
In Muscle Meat - Study

The use of a marked strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens to model the
spread of brain tissue to the musculature of cattle after
shooting with a captive bolt gun
D.M. Prendergast, J.J. Sheridan, D.J. Daly, D.A. McDowell and I.S. Blair
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Volume 96 Issue 3 Page 437

Aims: The aim of this study was to use a marked strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens to model the spread of central nervous system (CNS) tissue in cattle following captive bolt stunning.
Methods and Results: The marked organism was introduced by injection through the captive bolt aperture immediately after stunning and was subsequently detected in a wide range of derived tissues, including blood, organs, and the musculature of the entire forequarters of test animals. This was dependent on the use of high concentrations of the organism that were recovered sufficiently and rapidly to minimize the bactericidal properties of the circulatory system. These results suggest that a marked organism could potentially be used to model the effects of captive bolt stunning on the dissemination of CNS tissue from the brain.
Conclusions: These results indicate that current commercial methods of captive bolt stunning may induce widespread and significant mobilization of CNS tissue within beef carcasses. This may lead to the widespread dissemination of such materials within meat destined for human consumption.
Significance and Impact of the Study: In the absence of rapid, simple and sufficiently sensitive methods for the direct detection of prion in commercially slaughtered animals, marked organisms can provide useful models in studies of the dissemination kinetics of prion disease in captive bolt stunned animals.



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