- Iraq's 11,000-page report to the UN Security Council
lists 150 foreign companies, including some from America, Britain, Germany
and France, that supported Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction
programme, a German newspaper said yesterday.
- Berlin's left-wing Die Tageszeitung newspaper said it
had seen a copy of the original Iraqi dossier which was vetted for sensitive
information by US officials before being handed to the five permanent Security
Council members two weeks ago. An edited version was passed to the remaining
10 members of the Security Council last night.
- British officials said the list of companies appeared
to be accurate. Eighty German firms and 24 US companies are reported to
have supplied Iraq with equipment and know-how for its weapons programmes
from 1975 onwards and in some cases support for Baghdad's conventional
arms programme had continued until last year.
- It is not known who leaked the report, but it could have
come from Iraq. Baghdad is keen to embarrass the US and its allies by showing
the close involvement of US, German, British and French firms in helping
Iraq develop its weapons of mass destruction when the country was a bulwark
against the much feared spread of Iranian revolutionary fervour to the
- The list contained the names of long-established German
firms such as Siemens as well as US multi-nationals. With government approval,
Siemens exported machines used to eliminate kidney stones which have a
"dual use" high precision switch used to detonate nuclear bombs.
Ten French companies were also named along with a number of Swiss and Chinese
firms. The newspaper said a number of British companies were cited, but
did not name them.
- "From about 1975 onwards, these companies are shown
to have supplied entire complexes, building elements, basic materials and
technical know-how for Saddam Hussein's programme to develop nuclear, chemical
and biological weapons of mass destruction," the newspaper said. "They
also supplied rockets and complete conventional weapons systems,"
- The five permanent members of the Security Council -
the United States, Britain, Russia, France and China - have repeatedly
opposed revealing the extent of foreign companies' involvement, although
a mass of relevant information was collected by UN weapons inspectors who
visited the country between 1991 and 1998. The UN claims that publishing
the extent of the companies' involvement in Iraq would jeopardise necessary
co-operation with such firms.
- German involvement outstripped that of all the other
countries put together, the paper said. During the period to 1991, the
German authoritiespermitted weapons co-operation with Iraq and in some
cases "actively encouraged" it, according to the newspaper which
cited German assistance allegedly given to Iraq for the development of
poison gas used in the 1988 massacre of Kurds in northern Iraq. It said
that after the massacre America reduced its military co-operation with
Iraq but German firms continued their activities until the Gulf War.
- Die Tageszeitung quoted sources close to the US Vice
President, Dick Cheney, as saying the Bush administration was hoping to
prove a German company was continuing to co-operate with the Iraqi regime
over the supply of equipment allegedly useful in the construction of weapons
of mass destruction.
- American weapons experts have recently voiced concern
that the German Government has permitted Siemens to sell Baghdad at least
eight sophisticated medical machines which contain devices that are vital
for nuclear weapons. The machines, known as "lithotripters",
use ultrasound to destroy kidney stones in patients. However, each machine
contains an electronic switch that can be used as a detonator in an atomic
bomb, according to US experts. Iraq was reported to have requested an extra
120 switches as "spare parts" during the initial transaction.
- The delivery of the machines was approved by the European
Commission and the UN because sanctions against Iraq do not apply to medical
equipment. Siemens and the German Government have insisted that the machines,
which are being used in northern Iraq under a World Health Organisation
programme, cannot be used to make nuclear weapons.
- © 2002 Independent Digital (UK) Ltd