Early And Ancient Records
Of Flying Machines


* Quote of Roger Bacon, Friar, 13th century: "Flying machines as these were of old, made even in our days."
* Hermes or Mercury wore winged sandals and a winged hat. He could fly at great speed. Merely a legend? Often legends are based on real happenings passed down through the generations and the only record of what happened thousands of years before records were written down.
* Daedalus constructed wings for his son Icarus, but in piloting his glider the boy flew too high and fell into the sea (now known as the Icarian Sea). Daedalus was not a mythological figure, he was an aeronautical designer, one of the engineers of Knossos. They constructed water-chutes in parabolic curves to conform exactly to the natural flow of water - streamlined... Streamline could only be produced by long years of scientific development and is an essential part of aerodynamics, which Daedalus must have mastered.
* The Chinese Annals relate that Emperor Shun (2258-2208 B.C.) constructed not only a flying apparatus but even made a parachute about the same time Daedalus built his gliders.
* Emperor Cheng Tang (1766 B.C.) ordered Ki-Kung-Shi to design a flying chariot. The latter completed the assignment and tested the aircraft in flight, reaching the province of Honan. Subsequently the vessel was destroyed by imperial edict as Cheng Tang was afraid the secret of its mechanism might fall into enemy hands. This implies that the Emperor and his sages must have had blueprints of this skyship.
* The Chinese poet Chu Yuan (3rd Century B.C.) wrote of his flight in a jade chariot at a high altitude over the Gobi Desert towards the Kun Lun Mountains. He accurately described how the aircraft was unaffected by the winds and dust of the Gobi, and how he conducted an aerial survey.
* In the early part of the fourth century Ko-Hung wrote about a helicopter in China: "Some have made flying cars with wood from the inner part of the jujube tree, using ox leather straps fastened to rotating blades to set the machine in motion."
* The Sanscrit term 'vimana vidya' means 'the science of building and piloting airships'. Why would they use or need such a term?
* The Indian classic 'Mahabharata', one of the oldest books in the world, speak of 'an aerial chariot with the sides of iron and clad with wings'. An aeroplane?
* The Ramayana describes the 'vimana' as a double deck circular aircraft with portholes and a dome. It flew with the 'speed of the wind' and gave forth a 'melodious sound'. Now that sounds more advanced than the jets we see now - what were they?
A pilot had to be well trained otherwise no vimana was placed in his hands. The vimana could stop and remain motionless in the sky. The ancient classic gives an account of how the vimana soared above the clouds - from that altitude 'the ocean looked like a small pool of water'. The aviator was able to see the ocean coast and deltas of rivers.
The vimanas were kept in 'vimana griha' or hangars. They were propelled by a yellowish-white liquid and employed for warfare, travel or sport. One is amazed at the wealth of detail in this ancient tale and wonders what stimulated it - fantasy of the authors or actual memories and/or happenings?
* In ancient India six young men constructed a dirigible airship - the Pantachantra contains the full story of the experiment. The machine was operated by a complex control system, providing a safe, fast flight and perfect manoeuvrability.
* There are two categories of ancient Sanscrit texts - the factual records known as the Manusa and the mythical and religious literature known as the Daiva. The Samara Sutradhara, which belongs to the factual type of records, treats air travel from every angle. The book contains 230 stanzas about the construction of flying machines. It deals not only with take-off, cruising for thousands of kilometers, normal and forced landings, but even with possible collisions of aircraft with birds! The same source mentions the 'Samhara', a missile that crippled and the 'Moha', a weapon that produced a state of complete paralysis.
* The pyramid texts contain a curious interpretation of the purpose of the pyramids: as a ramp to the sky so that man may go up to the sky.
* There are 5000-year old images of Isis which portray the goddess with folded wings.
* Folklore from all over the world has strange tales about flying machines. In 1958 the Smithsonian Institute published the results of American, Soviet and Indian archaeological research which indicated that 10000 years ago the Eskimos lived in Central Asia. How did they reach Greenland? Possibly on foot or sleighs - but the Eskimo legend says that they were brought to the arctic north by 'giant iron birds'.
* Near Madison, Wisconsin, one can see on the ground from a great distance colossal gravel carvings of birds, that measure 62 metres from one wing tip to another. Planes?
* A photographic survey by the Peruvian Air Force of the arid tablelands of Nasca showed a network of lines and geometrical figures on the ground as far as the eye can see. The lines were made by human hands by removing darker stones from the soil and exposing the lighter inner layer - an undertaking that must have taken years to complete. There are contours of animals and birds besides triangles and trapezoids. Most of the lines run in such a way that there is no connection between them and the more recent Inca roads. The area covered by these markings is vast, it covers hundreds of square kilometers. The age of the Nasca patterns was estimated to be at least 1500 years. The Indians say the giant pictures on the ground were made by another race before the advent of the Incas. The designs and lines can be seen from the air only at an altitude of over 350 metres - for who were these markings intended?
* In Salvador an antique vase was found which show human figures in a dirigible in flight. Any connection with that and the Nasca lines?
Source: We Are Not The First, Andrew Tomas, 1971. This Australian's research was conducted in the British Museum of London, The Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris and the Lenin Library of Moscow.


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