China And Pakistan Sign
New Military Agreements

China and Pakistan have concluded two major military agreements that are raising new concerns about the transfer of missile and nuclear technology from China, according to U.S. officials.
Representatives of both countries signed a memorandum of understanding on military cooperation and collaboration in the area of defense production. The new agreements also include a secret defense pact covering weapons transfers from China to Pakistan, said U.S. officials familiar with classified reports on the accords.
The two agreements were described by U.S. officials as a defense cooperation pact and a defense production pact. The MOU was signed at the Pakistani Defense Ministry on March 12 by Deputy Chief of General Staff General Xiong Guangkai.
China has been a major supplier of arms and technology to Pakistan for decades. Pakistan s nuclear weapons are based on a Chinese design and its armed forces rely heavily on Chinese equipment. China recently delivered the first of a large number of F-8 interceptor jets for the Pakistani air force.
The Bush administration imposed economic sanctions on China and Pakistan in September following the transfer of Chinese ballistic missile goods to Islamabad. The transfers were traced by U.S. intelligence agencies and included overland transfers that were shipped from Western China to Pakistan. The shipments included ballistic missile material for Pakistan's Shaheen 1 and Shaheen 2 missile systems.
The transfers violated Beijing's November 2000 pledge not to transfer any missile components or expertise that could be used for nuclear systems. Both Shaheen missiles are nuclear-capable.
China-Pakistan military cooperation has been extensive. A Chinese military delegation visited Pakistan in August 2000 to inspect defense facilities and another delegation discussed expanding military cooperation. The new defense agreements are being carried out because of the new strategic situation in the region, according to Pakistani sources.
Another key indicator of the new defense relationship is China s construction of a major port facility on the western Pakistani port of Gwadar. God willing, the construction of this project will be an antidote against the American poison being spread in this region, said one Pakistani official.
American firm buys German sub maker in deal expected to benefit Taiwan.
An American company has purchased a German shipyard that manufactures diesel submarines and the acquisition is expected to help the Bush administration in its efforts to procure eight diesel electric submarines for Taiwan.
A U.S. company has purchased a majority stake in a German shipyard that manufactures the submarine. One Equity Partners, the private equity arm of Bank One Corporation of the United States, on March 12 purchased a 75-percent share of stake of German shipyard Howaldswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW). HDW is the builder of the German 209-class submarine favored by the Taiwan navy.
Germany's government stated last year that it would not permit the sale of German 209 submarines to Taiwan because it would upset Berlin's ties to Beijing.
President Bush announced last year that the United States would sell diesel submarines as well as Kidd-class guided missile destroyers to Taiwan under the terms of the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act, which allows the United States to sell defensive weapons to Taiwan to create a military balance across the Taiwan Strait.
The arms sales were prompted by deployment of 350 short-range Chinese missiles on the coast opposite Taiwan. The U.S. Navy set up a Team Diesel Submarines in September to find ways to produce the submarines for Taiwan.
The Navy is said to be resisting U.S. production of new diesel submarines because it would take federal money from U.S. nuclear-powered submarines. Diesel submarines can be produced at one-fourth the cost of new $1 billion Virginia-class attack submarine.
Harrier Jump Jets.
Meanwhile, a Taiwan newspaper reported earlier this month that Taiwan plans to lease up to 30 Marine Corps AV-8B Sea Harrier jump jets to bolster it air power. The Harriers are vertical take-off and landing jets and would increase the Taiwan military s capability to defend against a Chinese attack, the United Daily News reported.
The paper said the Taiwanese are looking into leasing 30 Harriers and eventually could acquire up to 100 jets. The first the 30 AV-8Bs Harriers would be based at Chingchuankang air base, located in central Taiwan. The airbase was built by the United States in the 1960s and once housed U.S. B-52 and U.S. tactical nuclear weapons.
Geostrategy-Direct, March 26, 2002 Copyright © 2002 East West Services. All rights reserved.

Email This Article


This Site Served by TheHostPros