- On November 17th 1896 the Sacramento Evening Bee reported
that a man named Leon was building a "flying machine" in Hoboken
N.J., and he had told his friends he would cross the continent in two days.
In fact, his friends accepted invitations to join him on this adventurous
trip, with his new futuristic flying machine. Although Leon was very hush-mouthed
about his project, one of his associates claimed that he already perfected
the machine and it had risen to a height of two hundred feet in Chicago.
- The machine was described as having a wooden centerpiece,
fifteen feet long, covered with a thin piece of brass. From the centerpiece
there extended spikes of wood three feet long, over which were placed wooden
rings six feet in diameter. Over the rings were drawn rubber and canvas
sails. In the front there was a rubber balloon, large enough to hold five
men and an electric battery, which was to furnish both light and propelling
power. The steering apparatus was in the rear.
- On November 18th, 1896 the Sacramento Evening Bee reported
that an "Aerial Ship" had been seen by hundreds of eyewitnesses
"bobbing" in the wind over their fair city. Did Leon leave early?
Was his ship faster then he realized? Had he indeed achieved his "transcontinental
flight? The Bee went on to say that these eye witnesses stated that the
object appeared as a bright light, or an "electric arc lamp,"
if you will, and that it was "propelled by some mysterious force."
Moreover some witnesses claimed to have heard "voices" coming
from the object! One witness said he heard a voice say, "lift her
up quick, your making for that steeple!"
- That article which was of course, "front page news,"
was the beginning of a wave of sightings that continued through the end
of 1897, and was a "national phenomenon." Today UFO researchers
refer to that period as the "Air Ships of 1897.
- The focus here will be on that very first sighting as
reported by the Bee, and later by San Francisco papers. In analyzing the
article(s), there are some very interesting observations one can make about
our culture during that time period as well as from a psychological standpoint.
- First let's understand the "flavor of the times."
Jules Verne had people's minds churning with his "science fiction
novels" about mysterious inventors creating "futuristic machines,"
e.g., Captain Nemo and his submarine. Top astronomers of the time "ironically"
were publishing papers on the question of "Mars being inhabited."
Cities were being illuminated by the installation of electric lights. Manned
balloon flight had been around since the 1700's. The first successful glider
flight was made forty-three years earlier. It was nearing the end of the
century, and man knew he was destined to conquer the skies; it was only
a matter of time.
- Having said that, was the sight of this "contraption"
overwhelming for the average man or woman on the street to comprehend?
The answer to that, for the most part is mixed. San Francisco papers initially
scoffed at the reports of the so-called flying machine. On the 18th, the
San Francisco Chronicle wrote: "What is probably one of the greatest
hoaxes that has ever been sprung on any community has been started in this
city, and yet were it not for the improbability of the thing there would
be the best of reasons for believing it true."
- On the 20th this was published:
- "Are there up in the sky four jolly and intrepid
human travelers, paying their respects to Mars, singing quartets to Venus,
and saluting the planets generally within hailing distance, or are the
people of Sacramento affected with the disease known in polite society
as 'illuminated staggers?'"
- San Francisco's "skeptical attitude" changed
the next day when they had a rash of their own sightings. In the mean time
Sacramentans were still pondering over what they saw. Most people, two
days after the sightings said it "must" have been a meteor or
a balloon with some sort of light attached to it. The thought of it being
some type of aircraft was called "ridiculous" by the Bee.
- I find it interesting that even after a hundred years,
man still exhibits the same behavioral characteristics. That is to say,
when a group of people witnesses something "beyond the realm of normalcy,"
even when the event is clearly seen, it seems they choose to explain it
with answers that fall within that realm, e.g., when interviewed by the
Bee, Weather Observer Barwick admits that the object couldn't have been
a meteor based on the description of the light and the speed of the object,
so he goes onto say that it "must" have been a hoax.