- I am passing on to you an excellent report by Armen Victorian.
I have not spoken with him in years, but he has always been investigating/spying
behind the scenes. I find what he reports here on the mark. I have related
this before: the US Space Command is a primary player in tracking what
we call UFOs. Some identified vehicles are referred to as IACs (Identified
- We need researchers in Skywatch who can pursue information
on the level that Armen has over the years. I, like many of you, work
for a living and this has been a spare-time pursuit with me for decades.
- So, here is some material to begin with...
- UFOs And The Governments Of The US And UK
- By Armen Victorian From Lobster 32 http://www.lobster-magazine.co.uk/issue32.htm
- Researchers who ask for pertinent records from the US
Air Force about UFOs are provided with a 'Fact Sheet' which states that
since the closure of Project Blue Book in 1974, the USAF has no interest
in, and does not study, the subject. The USAF information pack refers inquirers
to various non-governmental UFO research organizations which are closely
monitored, and, at times, directed by various US intelligence and
military agencies. (1)
- The Men From The Ministry
- In Britain, Air Staff 2 (a), a desk in the Ministry of
Defence, manned by junior civil servants such as Nick Pope, J. Palmer,
Owen Hartop, Kerry Philpott, and Ralph Noyes, respond to public inquiries.
The knowledge of these individuals is limited and their responses consequently
sometimes inaccurate. Contrary to claims made by Air
- Staff 2 (a) that they are privy to all UFO reports, there
is a component within the MOD which deals with more serious aspects of
this subject. On October 23 1989, in the course of one of my investigations,
I contacted this particular MOD section. After the preliminary conversation
I was asked if I was prepared to sell my investigation report to them;
and later in the course of the conversation, when I suggested sharing information,
citing the national security aspects, I was asked if I was prepared to
sign a security agreement concerning this issue. I was further asked to
prepare a proposal and submit it to them. When I inquired about some landing
reports, I was asked to specify the date of the particular cases I had
in mind. Although this is a component of the MOD, it is not situated in
Whitehall. Neither is it Defence Intelligence 55 (DI55), though sources
within DI55 have been helpful in other investigations of mine.
- Though several individuals in the UK who have witnessed
serious UFO cases have been visited by government officials, the MOD has
repeatedly denied the existence of such officials. Sometimes in uniform
but mostly in civilian clothes, these officials have approached witnesses
asking them not to discuss what they have seen with the public or the media.
UFO folklore has termed them the Men in Black (MIB).
- The section in charge of such investigations is Aerospace
Intelligence within the MOD.
- The MOD, and Air Staff 2(a) in particular, have been
the chief focus of the search for British information on UFOs. But examination
of the MOD's old files shows the absence of any Royal Navy reports. There
is also a component within the Admiralty in charge of UFO cases reported
at sea, about which researchers have little knowledge. I have also dealt
with this component, though I do not know its name.
- How The Department Of Defense Treats UFOs
- Due to its size the US Department of Defence (DoD) does
not have a single unit to handle UFO reports. Apart from the many departments
known to UFO researchers run from the Pentagon, there is another component
about which no public information is available. In the course of studying
a serious UFO case from the former Soviet Union, I was advised by the National
Reconnaissance Office(NRO) staff in the Pentagon to contact Pentagon House.
- Located outside the Pentagon, Pentagon House showed immense
interest and I was asked to provide them with the raw material I had.
- All the official records made public under the UFO title
are unevaluated reports gathered through various human intelligence means.
These reports always quote the term UFO, as it has been relayed to them
by sources. Mostly these sources are civilians, unaware of the current
official terminology used by the US government.
- The US military uses two main terms in compiling and
studying the UFO subject: Uncorrelated Targets (UCT), for earth-bound
unidentified objects, and Uncorrelated Event Reports (UER) for space related
events. I wrote to North American Aerospace Defense Command, NORAD, about
their terminology. They replied: 'Historically, the term UFO was used by
the Air Force starting in 1947 and ending in 1974 with the shelving of
the "Blue Book" project. We all know what the term UFO means,
we just don't use it.....The specific term "UFO" is not used
by this command even though you could say that this term would equate to
UTR [unknown track report], either an uncorrelated event or an unknown
track, since an unidentified flying object could be considered either.'(3)
- Further, I was told, 'Uncorrelated Events Reports (UERs),
which are space related events on the United States Space Command (USSPACECOM)
side of the house, are always classified SECRET.' (4)
- Uncorrelated Targets are categorised as:
- Significant UCTs, Nonsignificant UCTs, Critical UCTs,
- False UCTs. (5)
- Copies of any serious UCT event are sent to the Missions
Systems Integration Board (MSIB). MSIB is composed of all NORAD and US
Space Command directorates and senior level representatives from Naval
Space Command, Army Space Command and Air Force Space Command. (6)
- The regulations governing the UFO topic is USR 55-12,
Space Surveillance Network (SSN) of June 1 1992, classified by multiple
- 'This regulation provides policy and guidance for operations
of the worldwide Space Surveillance Network (SSN). It applies to Headquarters
US Space Command; the component commands, Headquarters Air Force Space
Command; the Naval Space Command, and Army Space Command; the Space Surveillance
Centre (SSC), the Alternative Space Surveillance Centre (ASSC); and the
SSN sensors except RAF Fyling dales. RAF Fyling dales follows guidance
specified in 55-122/88771/1/GE(s), Joint USAF/RAF Operations Manual (JOM)
Ballistic Missiles Early Warning System (BMEWS) Site III, RAF, England.'
(7) In conjunction with this regulation exists US Space Command Regulation
55-20, Warning Verification of Hostile Space Events, dated 31 January 1990,
- 'This regulation establishes procedures to provide timely
and accurate status reporting, warning and verification of hostile space
events to National Command Authorities (NCA), collateral agencies, space
system owners and operators, and defense forces from Headquarters, US Space
Command, Space Defense Operations Center (SPADOC).'
- Although the US Space Command is the Office of Primary
Responsibility (OPR) '...for records relating to Uncorreletated Targets....the
evaluations [of reports are] made by the Command Director and the Air Defense
Operations Center of Cheyenne Mountain Air Station on the Unknown Track
- The Air Defense Operations Center (ADOC) is a NORAD entity.
- All Unknown Track Reports (UTRs) are recorded on NORAD's
Form 61, and kept for five years. Data from these files, in summary form,
is sent to all relevant government agencies on a need-to-know basis. (10)
- Obtaining such records is a legal impossibility because
while 'the Aerospace Analysis Directorate [of US Space Command] does perform
analysis on NORAD Unknown Track Reports....they perform their analysis
under the auspices of their NORAD role, utilising a dedicated NORAD data
base' - and NORAD is exempt from the Freedom of Information Act. (11)
- During the period January to August 1996 NORAD reported
23 Unknowns, some after scrambling interceptor fighters. For example, between
January 2 and February 12 there were three scramble attempts, for three
events. In two separate instances two F15s were scrambled and the subjects
could not be identified. Similarly, on February 10 two F16s were scrambled
but failed to identify the object. (12)
- NORAD commented, 'Normally 80% of NORAD unknowns are
identified. The remaining 20% continues to be called un-known and no further
action is taken.' (13)
- Another category of reports come from USAF personnel.
These reports might be generated by using the International Urgency Signal,
PAN, or by ground relay of airborne reports or post-landing reports using
FLASH procedure, and are governed by Communication Instructions Reporting
Vital Intelligence Sightings(CIRVIS). These reports are maintained in places
such as Tyndall Air Force Base (1st Air force), Elmendorf Air Force Base
(11th Air force) and NORAD's Canadian headquarters in Ontario, Canada.
These reports are compiled in accordance with the Air Force Manual, where
- 'Report the following specific sightings:
- * Hostile or unidentified aircraft which appears directed
against the United States, Canada, or their forces. * Missiles * Unidentified
Flying Objects * Hostile Flying Objects * Hostile or Unidentified military
surface missiles or sub-marines.' (14)
- As to any specific terms adopted by NORAD in the course
of pilot/radar control communication exchange for UFOs, the answer is 'Unknown
- I asked NORAD if the recovery of downed UFOs was within
their jurisdiction - if so which particular teams, or components deal with
it? If not, which other particular teams or components, and from which
command has such authority? The answer was:'We do not deal with down unknowns,
which you refer to as UFOs. Normally, local law enforcement officials and/or
security personnel from the nearest military installation get involved
with downed aircraft etc. until positive identification is made. Then the
vehicle is turned over to its primary agency and/or organisation.'
- In contrast to the MOD's repeated assertion that UFOs
are not considered a threat to national security, for the US Government
'all unknown tracks are considered a possible threat until proven otherwise.'
- NORAD informed me that although there are no British
forces assigned to NORAD facilities, 'the British Ministry of Defence does
interface and cooperate with NORAD and the United State Space Command(USSPACECOM),
on military space systems as they provide support to the warfighter.' (17)
- Although 'there are no NORAD facilities outside the Continental
United States (CONUS) and Canada....NORAD does receive classified data
from England.' (18)
- Footnotes ["IIIBJ"]
- 1. My archives contain several military intelligence
records of unevaluated reports on UFO conferences and symposia. Most of
the better known UFO organizations have deep, as well as casual, penetration
by both military and intelligence agencies. This has been brought to my
attention on several occasions by individuals who were assigned to such
- 2. This information was made available to me prior to
the declassification of the NRO in 1993.
- 3. NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command)letter
to author 19 December 1995.
- 4. NORAD letter to author November 13 1995
- 5. US Space Command correspondence 28 April 1993 to author
- 6 US Space Command letter to author 7 April 1994
- 6. US Space Command letter to author 7 April 1994
- 7. US Space Command Regulation USR 55-12, Space Surveillance
Network (SSN) June 1 1992
- 8. US Space Command correspondence with author, 21 July
- 9. Ibid. 'The North American Aerospace Defense command
(NORAD) is a bi-national Command established by international agreement
(33 United States Treaties 1277), and is subject to control by both US
and Canadian executive agencies. It is not a US Government agency as defined
in the ACT, and consequently, it is not subject to the US Freedom of Information
- 10. NORAD letter to author 13 November 1995.
- 11. NORAD letter to author 24 August 1995.
- 12. Current NORAD records in the author's possession.
- 13. NR 55-1, Aerospace Reporting System has been revised
and altered to 55-14, written by NORAD operators (Nj30G) in the Space Control
Centre of Cheyenne Mountain Air Station. NORAD communications of 3 and
13 May 1994 to author.
- 14. Air Force Manual 10-206, September 1 1995, Operational
Reporting, chapter 5, para 5.7.3
- 15. NORAD letter of 16 December 1995 to author
- 16. Ibid.
- 17. NORAD communication with author 17 March 1994
- 18. Ibid. NORAD also informed me that 'Russia's aerospace
command is called the Strategic Rocket Forces, some aspects of their command
is similar to NORAD and the USSPACECOM to include surveillance and tracking,
early warning and related areas. But their command also includes operational
control of all strategic and defensive ballistic missiles.'
- From Robert M. Collins <email@example.com>
- Those US agencies that Victorian mentions collect raw
reports: they don't evaluate them. Sometimes I think I'm just burning out
from repeating things a million, trillion times: AFOSI/PJ has collected
and still does collect UFO reports for the AF and others. The AF has been
collecting UFO reports covertly since at least 1947 even when the public
UFO Projects of Sign, Grudge, and Bluebook were in full swing. Those reports
are filtered out and only the best or most significant are sent to Mj12.
The Navy does the same thing, as well as the CIA, and covertly collects
UFO reports and then sends the best to Mj12 for further evaluation.
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