- Just heard that a bird has tested positive for the West
Nile virus in Boston. This is the first time the virus has been in that
area. I think that there is something very wrong with the way the outbreak
is progressing. It seems that it is being released into the areas by releasing
bird hosts or mosquito vectors.
- OraVax is going to market their vaccine for encephalitis
late this Fall. Are you aware of the fact that Thomas Monath of OraVax
and Dr. Jerry Hauer both had worked at Ft. Detrick at the same time?
- Monath has been involved in the New York outbreak from
the beginning. In 1996 Dr. Monath and OraVax got the exclusive license
for the patent of genetically altered JE virus from Ft. Detrick. They
have been working on the chimeri vax and in Fall 1999 field tested the
vaccine. I just wonder what that field test was?
- Dr. R E Shope was also involved in both JE vaccines,
the OraVax Chimeri vax and the Plum Island vaccine. I wonder how it was
known that we would need such a vaccine. During the field test in 1999,
all of a sudden there is a West Nile outbreak. Then the following year,
just when OraVax will market the vaccine, there is an even more widespread
outbreak of the virus.
- I wonder how these birds keep turning up positive? Maybe
with a little help from friends? \ I will let you know what else develops
in the Boston area with West Nile. Seems like the disease encircled Plum
Island. If you look at a map you will see Plum Island not that far from
the Massachuetts shore.
- Patricia Doyle _____
- By Tim McLaughlin http://news.excite.com/news/r/000726/16/health-westnile
- BOSTON (Reuters) - The first evidence of the mosquito-borne
West Nile virus, which killed seven people in New York in 1999, has been
discovered in Massachusetts in the body of a dead crow, state public health
officials said Wednesday.
- Massachusetts Department of Health officials said the
dead bird was found July 22 by workers with the Boston Parks Department
in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston.
- The officials said the state was testing mosquitoes in
the area to determine if the disease was present. Results of those tests
will be available Thursday morning.
- "I wouldn't be surprised if the West Nile virus
was found in mosquitoes because they feed on the birds," said Anita
Barry, director of communicable disease control for the Boston public health
- "We're making the assumption the virus will be found
in the mosquitoes," she said.
- She said the peak time for human infection was late August
- West Nile virus, named for the region in Uganda where
it first appeared in 1937, had never been detected in the Western Hemisphere
until it killed seven people and sickened 62 others in the New York region
- The virus survived the winter and was found this year
in mosquitoes or dead birds in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. No
one was found to be infected with West Nile virus this year.
- The virus is spread to humans by infected mosquitoes
that have picked up the virus by biting a bird carrying it.
- It can cause potentially lethal brain diseases such as
encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain, or meningitis, an inflammation
of the lining of the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms can include high fever,
headache and body aches, muscle weakness, loss of consciousness or rash.
- U.S. health authorities do not know how the virus was
introduced into the United States, but it may have come from an infected
bird that was imported or an infected human from a country in Africa, southwestern
Asia or the Middle East.
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