- "...everything that the Japanese were planning
to do was known to the United States..." ARMY BOARD, 1944 President
Roosevelt (FDR) provoked the attack, knew about it in advance and covered
up his failure to warn the Hawaiian commanders. FDR needed the attack
to sucker Hitler to declare war, since the public and Congress were overwhelmingly
against entering the war in Europe. It was his backdoor to war.
- FDR blinded the commanders at Pearl Harbor and set them
up by - 1.denying intelligence to Hawaii (HI) 2.on Nov 27, misleading
the commanders into thinking negotiations with Japan were continuing 3.having
false information sent to HI about the location of the Japanese carrier
- 1904 - The Japanese destroyed the Russian navy in a
surprise attack in undeclared war.
- 1932 - In The Grand Joint Army Navy Exercises the attacker,
Admiral Yarnell, attacked with 152 planes a half-hour before dawn 40 miles
NE of Kahuku Point and caught the defenders of Pearl Harbor completely
by surprise. It was a Sunday.
- 1938 - Admiral Ernst King led a carrier-born airstrike
from the USS Saratoga successfully against Pearl Harbor in another exercise.
- 1940 - FDR ordered the fleet transferred from the West
Coast to its exposed position in Hawaii and ordered the fleet remain stationed
at Pearl Harbor over complaints by its commander Admiral Richardson that
there was inadequate protection from air attack and no protection from
torpedo attack. Richardson felt so strongly that he twice disobeyed orders
to berth his fleet there and he raised the issue personally with FDR in
October and he was soon after replaced. His successor, Admiral Kimmel,
also brought up the same issues with FDR in June 1941.
- 7 Oct 1940 - Navy IQ analyst McCollum wrote an 8 point
memo on how to force Japan into war with US. Beginning the next day FDR
began to put them into effect and all 8 were eventually accomplished.
- 11 November 1940 - 21 aged British planes destroyed
the Italian fleet, including 3 battleships, at their homeport in the harbor
of Taranto in Southern Italy by using technically innovative shallow-draft
- 11 February 1941 - FDR proposed sacrificing 6 cruisers
and 2 carriers at Manila to get into war. Navy Chief Stark objected: "I
have previously opposed this and you have concurred as to its unwisdom.
Particularly do I recall your remark in a previous conference when Mr.
Hull suggested (more forces to Manila) and the question arose as to getting
them out and your 100% reply, from my standpoint, was that you might not
mind losing one or two cruisers, but that you did not want to take a chance
on losing 5 or 6." (Charles Beard PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT AND THE COMING
OF WAR 1941, p 424)
- March 1941 - FDR sold munitions and convoyed them to
belligerents in Europe -- both acts of war and both violations of international
law -- the Lend-Lease Act.
- 23 Jun 1941 - Advisor Harold Ickes wrote FDR a memo the
day after Germany invaded the Soviet Union, "There might develop
from the embargoing of oil to Japan such a situation as would make it
not only possible but easy to get into this war in an effective way.
And if we should thus indirectly be brought in, we would avoid the criticism
that we had gone in as an ally of communistic Russia." FDR was pleased
with Admiral Richmond Turner's report read July 22: "It is generally
believed that shutting off the American supply of petroleum will lead
promptly to the invasion of Netherland East Indies...it seems certain
she would also include military action against the Philippine Islands,
which would immediately involve us in a Pacific war." On July 24
FDR told the Volunteer Participation Committee, "If we had cut off
the oil off, they probably would have gone down to the Dutch East Indies
a year ago, and you would have had war." The next day FDR froze all
Japanese assets in US cutting off their main supply of oil and forcing
them into war with the US. Intelligence information was withheld from
Hawaii from this point forward.
- 14 August - After the Atlantic Conference, Churchill
noted the "astonishing depth of Roosevelt's intense desire for war."
Churchill cabled his cabinet "(FDR) obviously was very determined
that they should come in.".
- 18 October - diary entry by Secretary of Interior Harold
Ickes: "For a long time I have believed that our best entrance into
the war would be by way of Japan."
- Purple Code - the top Japanese diplomatic machine cipher
which used automatic telephone switches to separately and differently
encipher each character sent. It was cracked by the Army Signal Intelligence
Service (331 men).
- J-19 was the main Japanese diplomatic code book. This
columnar code was cracked.
- JN-25 - The Japanese Fleet's Cryptographic System, a.k.a.
5 number code (Sample). http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/6315/jn25b.gif
JN stands for Japanese Navy, introduced 1 June 1939. This was a very
simple old-type code book system used by the American Army and Navy in
1898 and abandoned in 1917 because it was insecure.
- Version A has a dictionary of 5,600 numbers, words and
phrases, each given as a five figure number. These were super-enciphered
by addition to random numbers contained in a second code book. The dictionary
was only changed once before PH on Dec 1, 1940, to a slightly larger version
B but the random book was changed every 3 to 6 months- last on Aug 1.
The Japanese blundered away the code when they introduced JN25-B by continuing
to use, for 2 months, random books that had been previously solved by
the Allies. That was the equivalent of handing over the JN-25B codebook.
It was child's play for the Navy group OP-20-G (738 men whose primary
responsibility was Japanese naval codes) to reconstruct the exposed dictionary.
We recovered the whole thing immediately - in 1994 the NSA published that
JN-25B was completely cracked in December 1940. In January 1941 the US
gave Britain two JN-25B code books with keys and techniques for deciphering.
The entire Pearl Harbor scheme was laid out in this code.
- The official US Navy statement on JN-25B is the NAVAL
SECURITY GROUP HISTORY TO WORLD WAR II prepared by Captain J. Holtwick
in June 1971 who quotes Captain Safford, the chief of OP-20-G, on page
398: "By 1 December 1941 we had the code solved to a readable extent."
- Churchill wrote "From the end of 1940 the Americans
had pierced the vital Japanese ciphers, and were decoding large numbers
of their military and diplomatic telegrams."(GRAND ALLIANCE p 598)
Safford reported that during 1941 "The Navy COMINT team did a thorough
job on the Japanese Navy with no help from the Army."(SRH-149) "
... many pattern messages could be read practically entire with as few
as 1500 meanings." (NSA).
- In 1979 the NSA released 2,413 JN-25 orders of the 26,581
intercepted by US between Sept 1 and Dec 4, 1941. The NSA says "We
know now that they contained important details concerning the existence,
organization, objective, and even the whereabouts of the Pearl Harbor
Strike Force." (Parker p 21) Of the over thousand radio messages
sent by Tokyo to the attack fleet, only 20 are in the National Archives.
All messages to the attack fleet were sent several times, at least one
message was sent every odd hour of the day and each had a special serial
number. Starting in early November 1941 when the attack fleet assembled
and started receiving radio messages, OP-20-G stayed open 24 hours a day
and the "First Team" of codebreakers worked on JN-25. In November
and early December 1941, OP-20-G spent 85 percent of its effort reading
Japanese Navy traffic, 12 percent on Japanese diplomatic traffic and 3
percent on German naval codes. FDR was personally briefed twice a day
on JN-25 traffic by his aide, Captain John Beardell, and demanded to see
the original raw messages in English. The US Government refuses to identify
or declassify any pre-Dec 7, 1941 decrypts of JN-25 on the basis of national
security, a half-century after the war.
- AD or Administrative Code wrongly called Admiralty Code
was an old four character transposition code used for personnel matters.
No important messages were sent in this weak code. Introduced Nov 1938,
it was seldom used after Dec 1940.
- Magic - http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/6315/magic.html
the security designation given to all decoded Japanese diplomatic messages.
It's hard not to conclude with historians like Charles Bateson that "Magic
standing alone points so irresistibly to the Pearl Harbor attack that
it is inconceivable anybody could have failed to forecast the Japanese
move." The NSA reached the same conclusion in 1955.
- Ultra - the security designation for military codes.
No Pearl Harbor investigation discussed Ultra even though on June 7,
1942 the Chicago Tribune and six other newspapers betrayed the fact we
were reading JN-25.
- Warnings do no harm and might do inexpressible good
27 January 1941, Dr. Ricardo Shreiber, the Peruvian envoy in Tokyo told
Max Bishop, third secretary of the US embassy that he had just learned
from his intelligence sources that there was a war plan involving a surprise
attack on Pearl Harbor. This information was sent to the State Department
and Naval Intelligence and to Admiral Kimmel at Hawaii.
- 31 March 1941 - A Navy report by Bellinger and Martin
predicted that if Japan made war on the US, they would strike Pearl Harbor
without warning at dawn with aircraft from a maximum of 6 carriers. For
years Navy planners had assumed that Japan, on the outbreak of war, would
strike the American fleet wherever it was. The fleet was the only threat
to Japan's plans. Logically, Japan couldn't engage in any major operation
with the American fleet on its flank. The strategic options for the Japanese
were not unlimited.
- 10 July - US Military Attache Smith-Hutton at Tokyo
reported Japanese Navy secretly practicing aircraft torpedo attacks against
capital ships in Ariake Bay. The bay closely resembles Pearl Harbor.
July - The US Military Attache in Mexico forwarded a report that the Japanese
were constructing special small submarines for attacking the American fleet
in Pearl Harbor, and that a training program then under way included towing
them from Japan to positions off the Hawaiian Islands, where they practiced
surfacing and submerging.
- 10 August 1941, the top British agent, code named "Tricycle",
Dusko Popov, told the FBI of the planned attack on Pearl Harbor and that
it would be soon. The FBI told him that his information was "too
precise, too complete to be believed. The questionnaire plus the other
information you brought spell out in detail exactly where, when, how, and
by whom we are to be attacked. If anything, it sounds like a trap."
He also reported that a senior Japanese naval person had gone to Taranto
to collect all secret data on the attack there and that it was of utmost
importance to them. The info was given to Naval IQ. Early in the Fall,
Kilsoo Haan, an agent for the Sino-Korean People's League, told Eric Severeid
of CBS that the Korean underground in Korea and Japan had positive proof
that the Japanese were going to attack Pearl Harbor before Christmas.
Among other things, one Korean had actually seen the plans. In late
October, Haan finally convinced US Senator Guy Gillette that the Japanese
were planning to attack in December or January. Gillette alerted the
State Department, Army and Navy Intelligence and FDR personally.
- 24 September 1941, the " bomb plot" message
in J-19 code from Japan Naval Intelligence to Japan' s consul general in
Honolulu requesting grid of exact locations of ships pinpointed for the
benefit of bombardiers and torpedo pilots was deciphered. There was no
reason to know the EXACT location of ships in harbor, unless to attack
them - it was a dead giveaway. Chief of War Plans Turner and Chief of
Naval Operations Stark repeatedly kept it and warnings based on it prepared
by Safford and others from being passed to Hawaii. The chief of Naval
Intelligence Captain Kirk was replaced because he insisted on warning
HI. It was lack of information like this that lead to the exoneration
of the Hawaii commanders and the blaming of Washington for unpreparedness
for the attack by the Army Board and Navy Court. At no time did the Japanese
ever ask for a similar bomb plot for any other American military installation.
Why the Roosevelt administration allowed flagrant Japanese spying on PH
has never been explained, but they blocked 2 Congressional investigations
in the fall of 1941 to allow it to continue. The bomb plots were addressed
to "Chief of 3rd Bureau, Naval General Staff", marked Secret
Intelligence message, and given special serial numbers, so their significance
couldn't be missed. There were about 95 ships in port. The text was:
- "Strictly secret.
- "Henceforth, we would like to have you make reports
concerning vessels along the following lines insofar as possible:
- "1. The waters (of Pearl Harbor) are to be divided
roughly into five subareas (We have no objections to your abbreviating
as much as you like.)
- "Area A. Waters between Ford Island and the Arsenal.
"Area B. Waters adjacent to the Island south and west of Ford Island.
(This area is on the opposite side of the Island from Area A.) "Area
C. East Loch. "Area D. Middle Loch. "Area E. West Loch and
the communication water routes.
- "2. With regard to warships and aircraft carriers,
we would like to have you report on those at anchor (these are not so
important) tied up at wharves, buoys and in docks. (Designate types and
classes briefly. If possible we would like to have you make mention of
the fact when there are two or more vessels along side the same wharf.)"
- Simple traffic analysis of the accelerated frequency
of messages from various Japanese consuls gave a another identification
of war preparations, from Aug-Dec there were 6 messages from Seattle,
18 from Panama, 55 from Manila and 68 from Hawaii.
- Oct. - Soviet top spy Richard Sorge, the greatest spy
in history, informed Kremlin that Pearl Harbor would be attacked within
60 days. Moscow informed him that this was passed to the US. Interestingly,
all references to Pearl Harbor in the War Department's copy of Sorge's
32,000 word confession to the Japanese were deleted. NY Daily News, 17
- 16 Oct. - FDR grossly humiliated Japan's Ambassador
and refused to meet with Premier Konoye to engineer the war party, lead
by General Tojo, into power in Japan.
- 1 Nov. - JN-25 Order to continue drills against anchored
capital ships to prepare to "ambush and completely destroy the US
enemy." The message included references to armor-piercing bombs and
'near surface torpedoes.'
- 13 Nov. - The German Ambassador to US, Dr. Thomsen
an anti-Nazi, told OSS that Pearl Harbor would be attacked.
- 14 Nov. - Japanese Merchant Marine was alerted that
wartime recognition signals would be in effect Dec 1.
- 22 Nov. - Tokyo said to Ambassador Nomura in Washington
about extending the deadline for negotiations to November 29: "...this
time we mean it, that the deadline absolutely cannot be changed. After
that things are automatically going to happen." CIA Director Allen
Dulles told people that US was warned in mid-November that the Japanese
Fleet had sailed east past Tokyo Bay and was going to attack Pearl Harbor.
- 23 Nov. - JN25 order - "The first air attack has
been set for 0330 hours on X-day." (Tokyo time or 8 A.M. Honolulu
- 25 Nov. - British decrypted the Winds setup message
sent Nov. 19. The US decoded it Nov. 28. It was a J-19 Code message
that there would be an attack and that the signal would come over Radio
Tokyo as a weather report - rain meaning war, east (Higashi) meaning US.
- 25 Nov. - Secretary of War Stimson noted in his diary
"FDR stated that we were likely to be attacked perhaps as soon as
next Monday." FDR asked: "the question was how we should maneuver
them into the position of firing the first shot without too much danger
to ourselves. In spite of the risk involved, however, in letting the
Japanese fire the first shot, we realized that in order to have the full
support of the American people it was desirable to make sure that the
Japanese be the ones to do this so that there should remain no doubt in
anyone's mind as to who were the aggressors."
- 25 Nov. - Navy Department ordered all US trans-Pacific
shipping to take the southern route. PHH 12:317 ADM Turner testified "We
sent the traffic down to the Torres Straight, so that the track of the
Japanese task force would be clear of any traffic." PHH 4:1942
- 25 Nov. - Yamamoto gave this order in JN-25: "
(a) The task force, keeping its movements strictly secret and maintaining
close guard against submarines and aircraft, shall advance into Hawaiian
waters and upon the very opening of hostilities, shall attack the main
force of the United States Fleet in Hawaii and deal it a mortal blow.
The raid is planned for dawn on X-day -- exact date to be given by later
order. (b) Should the negotiations with the US prove successful, the
task force shall hold itself in readiness forthwith to return and reassemble.
(c) The task force will move out of Hitokappu Wan on the morning of 26
November and advance to the standing-by position on the afternoon of 4
December and speedily complete refueling." ( Order to sail - scan
from the PHA Congressional Hearings Report, vol 1 p 180, transcript p
437-8) This was decoded by the British on November 25 and the Dutch on
November 27. When it was decoded by the US is a national secret, however,
on November 26 Naval Intelligence reported the concentration of units of
the Japanese fleet at an unknown port ready for offensive action.
- 26 Nov. 3 A.M. - Churchill sent an urgent secret message
to FDR, probably containing above message. This message caused the greatest
agitation in DC. Of Churchill's voluminous correspondence with FDR, this
is the only message that has not been released (on the grounds that it
would damage national security). Stark testified that "On November
26 there was received specific evidence of the Japanese intention to wage
offensive war against Great Britain and the United States." C.I.A.
Director William Casey, who was in the OSS in 1941, in his book THE SECRET
WAR AGAINST HITLER, p 7, wrote "The British had sent word that a
Japanese fleet was steaming east toward Hawaii." Washington, in an
order of Nov 26, ordered both US aircraft carriers, the Enterprise and
the Lexington out of Pearl Harbor "as soon as possible". This
order included stripping Pearl of 50 planes or 40 percent of its already
inadequate fighter protection. In response to Churchill's message, FDR
secretly cabled him that afternoon - "Negotiations off. Services
expect action within two weeks." Note that the only way FDR could
have linked negotiations with service action, let alone have known the
timing of the action, was if he had the message to sail. In other words,
the only service action contingent on negotiations was Pearl Harbor.
- 26 Nov. - the "most fateful document " was
Hull's ultimatum that Japan must withdraw from Indochina and all China.
FDR's Ambassador to Japan called this "The document that touched
the button that started the war." http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/6315/hullno26.html
- 27 Nov. - Secretary of War Stimson sent a confused
and confusing hostile action possible http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/6315/warnings.html
or DO-DON'T warning. The Navy Court found this message directed attention
away from Pearl Harbor, rather than toward it. One purpose of the message
was to mislead HI into believing negotiations were continuing. The Army
which could not do recon was ordered to and the Navy which could was ordered
not to. The Army was ordered on sabotage alert, which specifically precluded
attention to outside threat. Navy attention was misdirected 5000 miles
from HI. DC repeated, no less than three times as a direct instruction
of the President, "The US desires that Japan commit the first overt
act Period." It was unusual that FDR directed this warning, a routine
matter, to Hawaii which is proof that he knew other warnings were not
sent. A simple question--what Japanese "overt act" was FDR
expecting at Pearl Harbor? He ordered sabotage prevented and subs couldn't
enter, that leaves air attack. The words "overt act" disclose
FDR's intent - not just that Japan be allowed to attack but that they
inflict damage on the fleet. This FDR order to allow a Japanese attack
was aid to the enemy - explicit treason.
- 29 Nov.- Hull sat in Layfayette Park across from the
White House with ace United Press reporter Joe Leib and showed him a message
stating that Pearl Harbor would be attacked on December 7. This could
well have been the Nov. 26 message from Churchill. The New York Times
in its 12/8/41 PH report on page 13 under the headline "Attack Was
Expected" stated the US had known that Pearl Harbor was going to be
attacked the week before. Perhaps Leib wasn't the only reporter Hull
- 29 Nov. - U.S. made a telephone intercept of an uncoded
plain-text Japanese conversation in which an Embassy functionary (Kurusu)
asked 'Tell me, what zero hour is. Otherwise, I won't be able to carry
on diplomacy.' The voice from Tokyo (K. Yamamoto) said softly, 'Well then,
I will tell you. Zero hour is December 8 (Tokyo time, ie, December 7
US time) at Pearl Harbor'.
- 30 Nov. US Time (or 1 Dec. Tokyo time) - The Japanese
fleet was radioed this Imperial Naval Order (JN-25): "JAPAN, UNDER
THE NECESSITY OF HER SELF-PRESERVATION AND SELF-DEFENSE, HAS REACHED A
POSITION TO DECLARE WAR ON THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA." ( Congress
Appendix D, p 415). US ally China also recovered it in plain text from
a shot-down Japanese Army plane near Canton that evening. This caused
an emergency Imperial Conference because they knew the Chinese would give
the information to GB and US. In a related J-19 message the next day,
the US translated elaborate instructions from Japan dealing in precise
detail with the method of internment of American and British nationals
in Asia "on the outbreak of war with England and the United States"
- 1 Dec. - Office of Naval Intelligence, ONI, Twelfth
Naval District in San Francisco found the missing Japanese fleet by correlating
reports from the four wireless news services and several shipping companies
that they were getting strange signals west of Hawaii. The Soviet Union
also knew the exact location of the Japanese fleet because they asked
the Japanese in advance to let one of their ships pass (Layton p 261).
This info was most likely given to them by US because Sorge's spy ring
was rolled up November 14. All long-range PBY patrols from the Aleutians
were ordered stopped on Dec 6 to prevent contact.
- 1 Dec. - Foreign Minister Togo cabled Washington Ambassador
Nomura to continue negotiations "to prevent the U.S. from becoming
- 1 Dec. - The tanker Shiriya, which had been added to
the Striking Force in an order intercepted Nov 14, radioed "proceeding
to a position 30.00 N, 154.20 E. Expect to arrive at that point on 3 December."
(near HI) The fact that this message is in the National Archives destroys
the myth that the attack fleet maintained radio silence. They were not
ordered to (Order 820). Serial numbers prove that the Striking Force
sent over 663 radio messages between Nov 16 and Dec 7 or about 1 per hour.
The NSA has not released any raw intercepts because the headers would
prove that the Striking Force did not maintain radio silence. On Nov
29 the Hiyei sent one message to the Commander of the 3rd fleet; on Nov
30 the Akagi sent several messages to its tankers - see page 474 of the
Hewitt Report. http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/6315/warnings.html Stinnett
in DAY OF DECEIT (p 209) found over 100 messages from the Striking Force
in the National Archives. All Direction Finding reports from HI have
been crudely cut out. Reports from Dec 5 show messages sent from the
Striking Force picked up by Station Cast, P.I. From traffic analysis, HI
reported that the carrier force was at sea and in the North.
- THE MOST AMAZING FACT is that in reply to that report,
MacArthur's command sent a series of three messages, Nov 26, 29, Dec 2,
to HI lying about the location of the carrier fleet - saying it was in
the South China Sea. This false information, which the NSA calls inexplicable,
was the true reason that HI was caught unawares. Duane Whitlock, who is
still alive in Iowa, sent those messages. There were a large number of
other messages that gave the location of the Striking Force by alluding
to the Aleutians, the North Pacific and various weather systems near HI.
- 1 Dec. - FDR cut short his scheduled ten day vacation
after 1 day to meet with Hull and Stark. The result of this meeting was
reported on 2 Dec. by the Washington Post: "President Roosevelt
yesterday assumed direct command of diplomatic and military moves relating
to Japan." This politically damaging move was necessary to prevent
the mutiny of conspirators.
- 1 Dec. 3:30 P.M. FDR read Foreign Minister Togo's
message to his ambassador to Germany: "Say very secretly to them that
there is extreme danger between Japan & Anglo-Saxon nations through
some clash of arms, add that the time of this war may come quicker than
anyone dreams." This was in response to extreme German pressure on
November 29 for Japan to strike the US and promises to join with Japan
in war against the US. The second of its three parts has never been released.
The message says it contains the plan of campaign. This is 1 of only
3 known DIPLOMATIC intercepts that specified PH as target. It was so
interesting, FDR kept a copy.
- 2 Dec. 2200 Tokyo time- Here is a typical JN-25 ships-in-harbor
report sent to attack fleet, words in parenthesis were in the original:
"Striking Force telegram No. 994. Two battleships (Oklahoma, Nevada),
1 aircraft carrier (Enterprise) 2 heavy cruisers, 12 destroyers sailed.
The force that sailed on 22 November returned to port. Ships at anchor
Pearl Harbor p.m. 28 November were 6 battleships (2 Maryland class, 2
California class, 2 Pennsylvania class), 1 aircraft carrier (Lexington),
9 heavy cruisers (5 San Fransisco class, 3 Chicago class, 1 Salt Lake
class), 5 light cruisers (4 Honolulu class, 1 Omaha class)"
- 2 Dec. - Commander of the Combined Imperial Fleet Yamamoto
radioed the attack fleet in plain (uncoded) Japanese Climb Niitakayama
1208 (Dec 8 Japanese time, Dec 7 our time). Thus the US knew EXACTLY
when the war would start. Even HI knew. Mount Niitaka was the highest
mountain in the Japanese Empire - 13,113 feet.
- 2 Dec. - General Hein Ter Poorten, the commander of
the Netherlands East Indies Army gave the Winds setup message to the US
War Department. The Dutch intercept station was Kamer 14 on Java. The
Dutch, British and Americans all had liaison officers at each others'
Far Eastern code centers and secret radio contact with each other (British
FECB at Singapore; and US at Station Cast, Philippines) throughout 1941.
These centers helped each other. The Australians had a center in Melbourne
and the Chinese also broke JN-25. A Dutch sub had visually tracked the
attack fleet to the Kurile Islands in early November and this info was
passed to DC, but DC did not give it to HI. The intercepts the Dutch
gave the US are still classified in RG 38, Box 792.
- 2 Dec - Japanese order No. 902 specified that old JN-25
additive tables version 7 would continue to be used alongside version
8 when the latter was introduced on December 4. This means the US read
all messages to the Striking Force through the attack.
- 4 Dec. - In the early hours, Ralph Briggs at the Navy's
East Coast Intercept station, received the "East Winds, Rain"
message, the Winds Execute, which meant war. He put it on the TWX circuit
immediately and called his commander. This message was deleted from the
files. One of the main coverups of Pearl Harbor was to make this message
disappear. Japanese Dispatch # 7001. In response to the Winds Execute,
the Office of US Naval IQ had all Far Eastern stations (Hawaii not informed)
destroy their codes and classified documents including the Tokyo Embassy.
- 4 Dec. - Kilsoo Haan called Maxwell Hamilton at the
State Department and told him that the Korean underground had information
that the Japanese would attack Pearl Harbor the coming weekend.
- 4 Dec. - The Dutch invoked the ADB joint defense agreement
when the Japanese crossed the magic line of 100 East and 10 North. The
U.S. was at war with Japan 3 days before they were at war with us.
- 4 Dec. - General Ter Poorten sent all the details of
the Winds Execute command to Colonel Weijerman, the Dutch military attache'
in Washington to pass on to the highest military circles. Weijerman personally
gave it to Marshall, Chief of Staff of the War Department.
- 4 Dec - US General Thorpe at Java sent four messages
warning of the PH attack. DC ordered him to stop sending warnings.
- 5 Dec. - All Japanese international shipping had returned
to home port.
- 5 December - In the morning FDR dictated a letter to
Wendell Wilkie for the Australian Prime Minister, "There is always
the Japanese to consider. The situation is definitely serious and there
might be an armed clash at any moment...Perhaps the next four or five days
will decide the matters."
- 5 Dec. - At a Cabinet meeting, Secretary of the Navy
Knox said, "Well, you know Mr. President, we know where the Japanese
fleet is?" "Yes, I know" said FDR. " I think we
ought to tell everybody just how ticklish the situation is. We have information
as Knox just mentioned...Well, you tell them what it is, Frank."
Knox became very excited and said, "Well, we have very secret information
that the Japanese fleet is out at sea. Our information is..." and
then a scowling FDR cut him off. (Infamy, Toland, 1982, ch 14 sec 5)
- 5 Dec. - Washington Star reporter Constantine Brown
quotes a friend in his book The Coming of the Whirlwind p 291, "This
is it! The Japs are ready to attack. We've broken their code, and we've
read their ORDERS."
- 5 Dec. - Lt. Howard Brown of Station Cast in the Philippines
received urgent request from Washington to listen for a short message
from Tokyo which ended with the English word "stop". He heard
the message at 11:30 PM Hawaiian time Dec 6. This is the Hidden Word
Code set up in a message of November 27 (e.g. in code, Roosevelt=Miss
Kimiko). The message was: "Relations between Japan and the following
countries are on the brink of catastrophe: Britain and the United States."
- 6 December - This 18 November J19 message was translated
by the Army: "1. The warships at anchor in the Harbor on the 15th
were as I told you in my No.219 on that day. Area A -- A battleship of
the Oklahoma class entered and one tanker left port. Area C -- 3 warships
of the heavy cruiser class were at anchor. 2. On the 17th the Saratoga
was not in harbor. The carrier Enterprise, or some other vessel was in
Area C. Two heavy cruisers of the Chicago class, one of the Pensacola
class were tied up at docks 'KS'. 4 merchant vessels were at anchor in
area D. 3. At 10:00 A.M. on the morning of the 17th, 8 destroyers were
observed entering the Harbor..." Of course this information was not
passed to HI.
- 6 Dec. - A Dec 2 request from Tokyo to HI for information
about the absence of barrage balloons, anti-torpedo nets and air recon
was translated by the Army.
- 6 Dec. - at 9:30 P.M FDR read the first 13 parts of
the decoded Japanese diplomatic declaration of war and said "This
means war." What kind of President would do nothing? When he returned
to his 34 dinner guests he said, "The war starts tomorrow."
- 6 Dec. - the war cabinet: FDR, top advisor Hopkins,
Stimson, Marshall, Secretary of the Navy Knox, with aides John McCrea
and Frank Beatty "deliberately sat through the night of 6 December
1941 waiting for the Japs to strike." (Infamy ch 16 sec 2)
- 7 December - A message from the Japanese Consul in Budapest
to Tokyo: "On the 6th, the American Minister presented to the Government
of this country a British Government communique to the effect that a state
of war would break out on the 7th." The communique was the Dec 5th
war alert from the British Admiralty. It has disappeared. This triple
priority alert was delivered to FDR personally. The Mid-East British
Air Marshall told Col. Bonner Fellers on Saturday that he had received
a secret signal that America was coming into the war in 24 hours. Churchill
summarized the message in GRAND ALLIANCE page 601 as listing the two fleets
attacking British targets and "Other Japanese fleets...also at sea
on other tasks." There only were three other fleets- for Guam, the
Philippines and HI. 2 paragraphs of the alert, British targets only,
are printed in AT DAWN WE SLEPT, Prange, p 464. There is no innocent
purpose for our government to hide this document.
- 7 December 1941 very early Washington time, there were
two Marines, an emergency special detail, stationed outside the Japanese
Naval Attache's door. 9:30 AM Aides begged Stark to send a warning to
Hawaii. He did not. 10 AM FDR read the 14th part, 11 A.M. FDR read
the 15th part setting the time for the declaration of war to be delivered
to the State Department at 1 PM, about dawn Pearl Harbor time, and did
nothing. Navy Secretary Knox was given the 15th part at 11:15 A.M. with
this note from the Office of Naval IQ: "This means a sunrise attack
on Pearl Harbor today." Naval IQ also transmitted this prediction
to Hull and about 8 others, including the White House (PHH 36:532). At
10:30 AM Bratton informed Marshall that he had a most important message
(the 15th part) and would bring it to Marshall's quarters but Marshall
said he would take it at his office. At 11:25 Marshall reached his office
according to Bratton. Marshall testified that he had been riding horses
that morning but he was contradicted by Harrison, McCollum, and Deane.
Marshall who had read the first 13 parts by 10 PM the prior night, perjured
himself by denying that he had even received them. Marshall, in the face
of his aides' urgent supplications that he warn Hawaii, made strange delays
including reading and re-reading all of the 10 minute long 14 Part Message
.d/annex_e.txt (and some parts several times) which took an hour and refused
to use the scrambler phone on his desk, refused to send a warning by the
fast, more secure Navy system but sent Bratton three times to inquire how
long it would take to send his watered down warning - when informed it
would take 30 or40 minutes by Army radio, he was satisfied (that meant
he had delayed enough so the warning wouldn't reach Pearl Harbor until
after the 1 PM Washington time deadline). The warning was in fact sent
commercial without priority identification and arrived 6 hours late.
This message reached all other addressees, like the Philippines and Canal
Zone, in a timely manner.
- 7 December - 7:55 A.M. Hawaii time AIR RAID PEARL HARBOR.
THIS IS NOT DRILL.
- 7 December - 1:50 P.M. Washington time. Harry Hopkins,
who was the only person with FDR when he received the news of the attack
by telephone from Knox, wrote that FDR was unsurprised and expressed "great
relief." Eleanor Roosevelt wrote about December 7th in This I Remember
p 233, that FDR became "in a way more serene." In the NY Times
Magazine of October 8, 1944 she wrote: "Dec. 7 was...far from the
shock it proved to the country in general. We had expected something of
the sort for a long time."
- 7 December - 3:00 PM "The (war cabinet) conference
met in not too tense an atmosphere because I think that all of us believed
that in the last analysis the enemy was Hitler...and that Japan had given
us an opportunity." Harry Hopkins, Dec. 7 Memo (Roosevelt and Hopkins
R Sherwood, p. 431)
- 7 December - 9 hours later, MacArthur's entire air force
was caught by surprise and wiped out in the Philippines. His reaction
to the news of Pearl Harbor was quite unusual - he locked himself in his
room all morning and refused to meet with his air commander General Brereton,
and refused to attack Japanese forces on Formosa even under orders from
the War Department. MacArthur gave three conflicting orders that ensured
the planes were on the ground most of the morning. MacArthur used radar
tracking of the Japanese planes at 140, 100, 80, 60, down to 20 miles
to time his final order and ensure his planes were on the ground. Strategically,
the destruction of half of all US heavy bombers in the world was more
important than naval damage in Pearl Harbor. Either MacArthur had committed
the greatest blunder in military history or he was under orders to allow
his forces to be destroyed. If it were the greatest blunder in history,
it is remarkable how he escaped any reprimand, kept his command and got
his fourth star and Congressional Medal of Honor shortly later. Prange
argued, "How could the President ensure a successful Japanese attack
unless he confided in the commanders and persuaded them to allow the enemy
to proceed unhindered?"
- 7 December - 8:30 PM, FDR said to his cabinet, "We
have reason to believe that the Germans have told the Japanese that if
Japan declares war, they will too. In other words, a declaration of war
by Japan automatically brings..." at which point he was interrupted,
but his expectation and focus is clear. Mrs. Frances Perkins, Secretary
of Labor, observed later about FDR: "I had a deep emotional feeling
that something was wrong, that this situation was not all it appeared
to be." Mrs. Perkins was obsessed by Roosevelt's strange reactions
that night and remarked particularly on the expression he had:" In
other words, there have been times when I associated that expression with
a kind of evasiveness." FDR met with CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow
at midnight. Murrow, who had seen many statesmen in crises, was surprised
at FDR's calm reaction. After chatting about London, they reviewed the
latest news from PH and then FDR tested Murrow's news instincts with these
2 bizarre giveaway questions: "Did this surprise you?" Murrow
said yes. FDR: "Maybe you think it didn't surprise us?" FDR
gave the impression that the attack itself was not unwelcome. This is
the same high-strung FDR that got polio when convicted of perjury; the
same FDR that was bedridden for a month when he learned Russia was to
be attacked; the same FDR who couldn't eat or drink when he got the Japanese
order to sail.
- 8 December - In a conversation with his speechwriter
Rosenman, FDR "emphasized that Hitler was still the first target,
but he feared that a great many Americans would insist that we make the
war in the Pacific at least equally important with the war against Hitler."
Later, Jonathan Daniels, administrative assistant and press secretary
to FDR said, "The blow was heavier than he had hoped it would necessarily
be...But the risks paid off; even the loss was worth the price..."
FDR reminisced with Stalin at Tehran on November 30, 1943, saying "if
the Japanese had not attacked the US he doubted very much if it would
have been possible to send any American forces to Europe." Compare
this statement with what FDR said at the Atlantic Conference 4 months
before Pearl: "Everything was to be done to force an 'incident' to
justify hostitlities." Given that a Japanese attack was the only
possible incident, then FDR had said he would do it.
- Information Known in Washington and Hawaii October 9-December
7, 1941 Date Item Washington Kimmel Short Oct. 9 "Bombplot"
message X Nov. 26-28 "Winds" setup message X X  Nov. 26
Location of carriers X Dec. 1 Japanese declaration of war X Dec. 2-6
Code destruction X  X X Dec. 4 "Winds execute" message X
X Dec. 4 US at war with Japan via ADB X Dec. 5 British Admiralty
Alert X Dec. 6-7 "14 Part" message X Dec. 7 "One o'clock"
message X  Admiral Kimmel learned of the "winds" code in
a Nov. 28th dispatch to him from the US Asiatic Fleet. JCC, p. 470.
 DC informed HI that codes were being burned world-wide so when they
learned the local consulate burned codes they would not go on alert. 
General Short was given the Winds Execute by British IQ.
- Note that none of the 3 diplomatic messages or the many
naval messages identifying Pearl as the target were forwarded (not to
mention HUMINT). Only 5 of the 74 Navy IQ packets delivered to FDR in
the 2 weeks before Dec 7 can be found.
- COMMISSIONS AND COVERUP
- The issue of whether FDR and Washington were responsible
for Pearl Harbor was decided in two courts of law in 1944. Both the Navy
Court and the Army Board found Washington guilty.
- NAVY Court of Inquiry !!! ftp://ftp.purdue.edu/pub/Liberal-Arts/History/pha/pearl.harbor/navy.court/
Top Secret ARMY Board Report!!! (30K) ftp://ftp.purdue.edu/pub/Liberal-Arts/History/pha/pearl.harbor/misc/army_1.txt
- Oct, 1944, "Now let us turn to the fateful period
between November 27 and December 6, 1941. In this period numerous pieces
of information came to our State, War, and Navy Departments in all of
their Top ranks indicating precisely the intentions of the Japanese including
the probable exact hour and date of the attack. " In response to
this report, Marshall offered his resignation - the sign of a guilty conscience.
Marshall testified at the MacArthur hearings that he considered loyalty
to his chief superior to loyalty to his country.
- JOINT CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE ftp://ftp.purdue.edu/pub/Liberal-Arts/History/pha/pearl.harbor/misc/army_1.txt
on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack, Nov 15, 1945 to May 31,
1946, proved that there had been so much reversion of testimony, coverup
and outright lies that the truth would have to wait until all Pearl Harbor
records were declassified.
- Most of the conspirators were military men, all men
of FDR's own choice, men who only followed orders and FDR never delegated
authority. Stark, in answer to charges that he denied IQ to Hawaii, said
publicly in August 1945 that everything he did pre-Dec 7, 1941 was on
FDR's orders. The handfull of military men in DC responsible for the
disaster at Pearl Harbor were directly under the control of FDR and were
later promoted and protected from investigation; promoted with FDR's full
knowledge that they were responsible for not warning Hawaii. On the record,
Intelligence tried to warn HI scores of times but were prevented by FDR's
- STATISTICS - ROOSEVELT WAS DIRECTLY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE
- American Deaths: 2,403; Wounded 1,178.
- Eighteen ships were sunk or seriously damaged including
5 battleships (USS Arizona photo).
- 188 planes were destroyed and 162 were damaged.
- Japanese Out of an attack force of 31 ships and 353
raiding planes the Japanese lost: 64 deaths, 29 planes, 5 midget submarines.
- CONCLUSION - ROOSEVELT WAS A TRAITOR The US was warned
by, at least, the governments of Britain, Netherlands, Australia, Peru,
Korea and the Soviet Union that a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor was
coming. Most, if not all, Japanese codes were broken. FDR and Marshall
and others knew the attack was coming, allowed it and covered up their
knowledge. It's significant that both the the chief of OP-20-G Safford
and Friedman of Army SIS, the two people in the world that knew what we
decoded, said that FDR knew Pearl Harbor was going to be attacked.
- Pearl Harbor was not about war with Japan - It was about
war with GERMANY HITLER WOULD NOT DECLARE WAR IF U.S. UNBEATABLE 1.OBJECTIVE:
War with Germany. How do you bait Hitler to declare war on you? You
don't get it by looking unbeatable! 2.Direct provocation in Atlantic had
failed - Hitler didn't bite. 3.FDR knew from magic that if Japan attacked,
Germany would declare war. 4.Therefore: the problem was how to maneuver
Japan into firing the first shot or make the first overt act. 5.Japan must
succeed or Hitler would renege.
- War with Japan was a given because they had to attack
the Philippines. If Japan's fleet were destroyed, it would defeat the
purpose. It would have been obvious suicide for Hitler to declare war
if Japan were crippled - it would allow the US to attack him without even
the possibility of a two-front war. That was what he had just been avoiding
for months. The plan could only work if Japan's attack succeeded. The
lure of a weakened US in a two-front war focused on Japan seemed to make
a German war declaration cost-free. But it was all a trap - FDR was always
going to ignore Japan and go after Hitler, for his ultimate goal was to
save his beloved Soviet Communism.
- In November FDR ordered the Red Cross Disaster Relief
director to secretly prepare for massive casualties at Pearl Harbor because
he was going to let it be attacked. When he protested to the President,
President Roosevelt told him that "the American people would never
agree to enter the war in Europe unless they were attack [sic] within
their own borders." See U.S. Naval Institute - Naval History - Advance
Warning? The Red Cross Connection by Daryl S. Borgquist http://www.usni.org/Naval_History/Articles99/NHborgquist.htm
- CHURCHILL--FDR KNEW. Did FDR know that Pearl Harbor
was a Japanese target? Answer: FDR planned Pearl Harbor to be their target.
He ordered the ships in and the carriers out. Churchill wrote about
Pearl Harbor that FDR and his top advisors "knew the full and immediate
purpose of their enemy." (GRAND ALLIANCE p 603) http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/6315/fdrknew.html
Churchill's entire discussion of Pearl Harbor was a justification of treason,
e.g.: "A Japanese attack upon the U.S. was a vast simplification
of (FDR's and advisors') problems and their duty. How can we wonder that
they regarded the actual form of the attack, or even its scale, as incomparably
less important than the fact that the whole American nation would be
- J. Edgar Hoover told his friends in early 1942 that
FDR had known about the Pearl Harbor plan since the early fall. It was
totally in character for FDR to concoct such a plan. Not only had the
US Senate already censured FDR for utterly lacking moral perspective,
but as Walter Lippmann wrote: "his purposes are not simple and his
methods are not direct." To get into the war, FDR used the Atlantic
Fleet as bait to be shot up; Pearl Harbor was the same thing in the Pacific.
US Admiral Bloch testified "The Japanese only destroyed a lot of
old hardware. In a sense they did us a favor." This was obviously
FDR's view as well, because on 7 December at 2:15, minutes after hearing
of the attack and before any damage reports were in, FDR called Lord Halifax
at the British Embassy and told him "Most of the fleet was at sea...none
of their newer ships were in harbour."
- COVERUP BY SECRECY.
- Why does the government refuse to release all the messages
to the attack fleet, or any JN-25 messages decoded before Dec 7? There
is absolutely nothing about national security to hide in JN-25. It is
a trivial and worthless 19th century code. The techniques for cracking
it had been published world-wide in 1931. The US government has proudly
showed how they used JN-25 decrypts after December 8 to win the Battle
of Midway which occurred 7 months after Pearl Harbor. Therefore, there
is nothing intrinsic about the code itself, the means of cracking it,
or the fact that we cracked it, that has any national security implications
of any nature. What is the difference between decrypts from the Purple
machine and decrypts from JN-25? The answer is simply that the JN-25
messages contained the final operational details of the Pearl Harbor attack,
whereas the Purple did not.
- WHAT ARE THEY HIDING?
- Why won't they let the truth out? Such secrecy breeds
mistrust in government. The only thing that is left to hide are JN-25
decrypts and worksheets showing that the US and Britain monitored the Japanese
attack fleet all the way to Pearl Harbor. That is the scandal. That is
the big secret. It raises the issue of whether the NSA is accessory
after the fact to treason. However, the secrecy and misdirection by the
NSA about our capabilities with JN-25B and pre-war messages proves there
is something very wrong. The NSA has systematically lied about the size
of the JN25 books by a factor of 4 and about how many codebreakers worked
on the code in 1941 by a factor of 22. The NSA is an evil Gestapo that
is committed neither to truth nor open government nor the rule of law.
We live an Orwellian history in which treason is honored, in which FDR's
murder of thousands of young innocent men is good. In a word, we are
no different from the tyranny we decry. A self-governing people must have
truth to make proper decisions. By subverting the truth, the National
Security Agency is subverting our Democracy.
- He who controls the past, controls the future. He who
controls the present, controls the past. - Orwell Tokyo had to send the
daily bomb-plots, cabled from its Honolulu consulate, to the attack fleet
by JN-25 radio messages. The pilots had to get their target information.
"The news of the position of enemy ships in Pearl Harbor comes again
and again." - Lt. Cmdr. Chigusa, executive officer of the attack
fleet's Akigumo in his diary, December 4, 1941 (At Dawn We Slept, G.
Prange, page 453). FDR got it, too. FDR knew the Japanese pilots' targets
as well as they did, because he got their bomb-plots when they did. He
had their specific targets, ship by ship, in his hands at the White House.
These messages would prove absolutely that FDR knew that the attack fleet's
target was Pearl Harbor and therefore are not released. The unnecessary
and illogical secrecy about pre-December 7, 1941, JN-25 decoding is conclusive
evidence that there was wrongdoing at the highest levels.
- FDR was a traitor for maneuvering Japan into war with
US - and that is known and admitted - FDR was a traitor for sacrificing
American lives, for putting America in danger, for usurping the Constitutional
power of Congress to make war. Day of infamy, indeed; he chose his words
precisely with a hidden double-meaning. Four days before the attack,
FDR could have sent telegrams of condolence to the families of the sailors
he was going to allow to be killed. Even today there is a coverup, based
on a transparently bogus excuse of national security, that shows that
our government cannot face the truth about what happened a half-century
ago. Truth we owe the men of Pearl Harbor. Until we tell the full truth,
we dishonor them and every soldier and sailor who gave their life for
their country. Should their lives have been sacrificed for treason and
no one know, they had died in vain. If their honor cover treason - we
are not a nation of law. The Air Corps in the Philippines and the Navy
at Pearl were FDR's bait, the oil embargo was his stick, the end of negotiations
was the tripwire in FDR's game of shame - a game of death for so many.
Roosevelt aided and abetted the murder of thousands of Americans.
- Pearl Harbor, Mother of All Conspiracies, the book [<--click
below to buy, available only here]. http://www.mightywords.com/browse/details_bc05.jsp?sku=MW3O1E
- "Very late on a cold, dark night in December, a
British emissary was driven through the dreary streets of Washington.
Inside his diplomatic pouch he carried a secret message marked Most Urgent
Personal and Secret to the President. It was a triple priority message
from the British Admiralty in London that the United States of America
was going to be attacked at Pearl Harbor on December 7th. Lord Halifax
was swiftly shown in to the White House and conferred with Franklin Roosevelt.
Roosevelt's hopes soared; his long-laid plans were about to be fulfilled.
It was December 5th, 1941." From the Introduction This definitive
Revisionist Bible presents incontrovertable proof that the United States
read the main Japanese fleet code JN-25 prior to Pearl Harbor. More than
200 hundred Japanese naval messages decoded in 1941 are published.
- It proves Washington knew Pearl Harbor was to be attacked
by publishing for the first time a 26 November 1941 Navy intelligence
analysis concluding that Japanese carriers were in the Kurile Islands
poised to attack Hawaii.
- It settles the debate about whether a "Winds"
message was received.
- It refutes the myth that the Striking Force maintained
- It reveals for the first time several of the most deeply
kept secrets of World War II.
- It explains the sacrifice of Bataan.
- It discloses the treason at Midway.
- It details how FDR engineered Pearl Harbor to save his
beloved Soviet Communism.
- It analyzes how FDR sold out his country to be President