On January 8, Vice President
Nicolas Maduro addressed National Assembly Speaker Diosdado Cabello. He
"asked that (I) inform that, according to the recommendations made by
the medical team that is watching over his health, the process of post-operation
recovery should be extended beyond 10 January of the current year."
"For this reason, he won’t be able to appear on that date before the national
"This constitutes an irrefutable supervening reason to invoke article
231 of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in order
to formalize, at a later date, the corresponding swearing-in before the
Article 231 states:
"The candidate elected shall take office as President of the Republic
on January 10 of the first year of his constitutional term, by taking
an oath before the National Assembly."
"If for any supervening reason, the person elected President of the Republic
cannot be sworn in before the National Assembly, he shall take the oath
of office before the Supreme Tribunal of Justice."
No date is specified. It can happen any time. Dominant PSUV National Assembly
members can extend Chavez's absence up to six months. Vice President Nicolas
Maduro can replace him for 90 days.
The NA can authorize an additional 90 days. Constitutional wiggle room
may permit more.
Cabello responded, saying:
"President Chavez, this assembly concedes to you the necessary time so
that you can get better and recover."
The National Assembly approved Maduro's request. More on Chavez below.
Presidential illnesses aren't rare. Noted US heads of state took ill,
became sidelined, couldn't perform their duties properly, or at times
Woodrow Wilson was America's 28th president. He served two terms from
1913 - 1921. His health was a state secret.
In November 1912, he was elected president. In March 1913, he took office.
Few knew his health history.
In 1896, he suffered a stroke. It caused marked right upper limb weakness.
Sensory disturbances affected his fingers. For almost a year, he couldn't
In 1904, he developed right upper limb weakness. It lasted months. In
1906, he lost vision on his left eye. He had multiple neurological problems.
He experienced double vision.
He had severe episodic headaches. They lasted days. Hypertension and atherosclerosis
In summer 1918, he was frail. He suffered breathing problems. Much worse
On October 2, 1919, he collapsed. He experienced a debilitating stroke.
For the rest of his presidency, he remained in seclusion. He was sidelined
unable to govern.
Historian John Milton Cooper called his condition "the worst instance
of presidential disability we've ever had."
"We stumbled along….without a fully functioning president" for 18 months.
Information about his health was suppressed. An official White House statement
said he suffered from "nervous exhaustion."
He was dying. Few knew. His top officials and congressional leaders weren't
told. His personal physician, Dr. Cary Grayson, said nothing. The public
was entirely shut out.
He served two full terms. He hung on longer than expected. On February
3, 1924, he died.
Franklin Roosevelt served from 1933 - 1945. In 1921, poliomyelitis left
him paralyzed below the hips. In the 1920s, an enlarged pigmented lesion
affected his left eye. Some believed it was malignant melanoma.
In 1944, he was too ill to run. He was advised to step down. In January,
he complained of headaches. He was visibly tired. Once he blacked out
at his desk. He was gravely ill. He kept it secret.
In March 1944, he developed heart disease and high blood pressure. His
condition worsened. Congestive heart disease affected him.
He was in no condition to serve. He ran in November. He was reelected.
On April 12, 1945, he died.
A state-sponsored assassination ended Jack Kennedy's presidency. Had he
lived, his health might have undone him.
At age two, he nearly died from scarlet fever. He contracted measles,
whooping cough, and chicken pox. He had upper respiratory infections and
In 1935, he experienced jaundice. His weak physique caused multiple sports-related
His mother called him "a very, very sick little boy." In the 1930s, he
began taking steroids for colitis. Complications followed.
They included duodenal ulcers, back problems, and underactive adrenal
glands. It's called Addison's disease.
In 1947, his Addisonism was diagnosed. At the time, he was told he had
a year to live. He was given his last rights.
As a WW II naval officer in the Pacific, he experienced malaria. The 1960
presidential campaign exhausted him.
As US senator and president, his health was kept secret. Few knew what
later was revealed.
Ronald Reagan served from 1981 - 1989. Before becoming president, he suffered
from severe nearsightedness, fractures, urinary tract infections, prostate
stones, hearing loss, temporomandibular (jaw) joint degeneration, osteoarthritis,
and a trans-urethral prostatecomy.
He had a history of benign prostatic hypertrophy. He experienced prostatis
and skin cancer.
In January 1981, he took office. In March, he was shot. Loss of blood
alone might have killed him. Emergency surgery saved him. He never fully
Early in his presidency, Alzheimer's disease symptoms surfaced. They worsened.
He forgot cabinet officer names. On a Brazil state visit, he toasted the
people of Bolivia. He served two full terms. He lived to age 93.
Other US presidents experienced serious health problems. John Adams was
diagnosed manic depressive. James Madison suffered from epilepsy. He had
high fevers. It left him "deranged" for weeks.
George Washington experienced Klinefelter syndrone. Thomas Jefferson suffered
from rheumatoid arthritis. Chester Arthur had chronic renal disease.
Lincoln, Roosevelt, Kennedy, William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, James
Garfield, William McKinley, and Warren Harding died in office.
Presidents are mortal like ordinary people. They carry on best they can.
Hugo Chavez took office in February 1999. He institutionalized Bolivarianism.
Chavismo reflects his social justice commitment. He's been reelected four
times. On October 7, Venezuelans gave him another six years.
He's recovering from his fourth cancer surgery in 18 months. He needs
more time to regain health. He's getting superb care in Havana.
On January 8, the Havana Times headlined "Chavez to Remain in Cuba under
Doctors ordered continued round-the clock treatment. His scheduled January
inauguration will be postponed. The governing United Socialist Unity Party
(PSUV) plans a mass January 10 supportive rally.
It'll be held outside the Miraflores Presidential Palace. Expect tens
of thousands to turn out. Cabello urged everyone to come.
Bolivian President Evo Morales and Uruguay's Jose Mujica will attend.
So will Ecuador's Foreign Minister Ricardo Patino. Other regional leaders
may come or send representatives.
The opposition Democratic Unity (MUD) coalition urged "civic strike."
Cabello said Chavismo will prevent destabilization.
On January 7, Granma International headlined "Chavez assimilating treatment
and in stable condition," saying:
Venezuelan Information Minister Ernesto Villegas said he's "receiving
rigorous and constant treatment." He's responding well. His condition
is stable. He needs more recovery time.
Venezuelans want him to take all he needs. They pray for his full recovery.
They reelected him president. They hope he'll fully recover and serve
six more years.
Media scoundrels take full advantage. Roger Noreiga is a former neocon
US assistant secretary of state for Western Hemisphere affairs. He's a
world class scoundrel. He's an unindicted war criminal.
He's been involved in Washington's Latin American agenda since the 1980s.
He aided Reagan's Contra wars. He's militantly hostile to Cuba. He helped
force Haiti's Aristide from office.
He wants neoliberal harshness replacing Bolivarianism. He claims Chavez
gave Iran a strategic hemispheric platform. He's helping Tehran acquire
nuclear weapons. He's developing his own.
He wants America denied Venezuelan oil. He seeks foreign buyer replacements.
On January 7, his Foreign Policy article headlined "Venezuelan Roulette."
He claims "Chavez clinge(s) to life in a Havana hospital." An "intense
struggle is under way."
"Cuban-backed ideologues (and) narcogenerals" vie for control. The nation's
"future….hang(s) in the balance."
He and other ideologues make this stuff up. They claim split PSUV leadership.
If Chavez dies, power struggles and destabilization will follow.
MUD opposition figures spread Big Lies. Media scoundrels regurgitate them.
Unnamed sources, dubious analysts, and right-wing ideologues are cited.
Chavismo is institutionalized. It's unified and resilient. Bolivarianism
is part of Venezuela's culture. It's too strong to die. PSUV leaders intend
to preserve it.
They respect Chavez's wishes. Before leaving for Cuba, he asked party
officials to elect Nicolas Maduro president if he can't serve. It's unthinkable
to believe they won't do it.
Preserving Bolivarianism matters most. Chavez called for unity under Maduro
to assure it. PSUV leaders will honor his wish if needed.
On January 8, The New York Times headlined "Chavez, Too Ill to Return
to Venezuela, Will Be Sworn In Late, Official Says."
Maduro announced it. He "invoked a disputed section of the Constitution
that government officials say allows the swearing-in to take place in
Constitutional language is clear. Venezuela's Supreme Tribunal of Justice
can administer Chavez's oath of office at an unspecified later date. The
Times didn't explain.
The Washington Post demeaned Maduro. It called him a 'bus driver turned
vice president." He's a former union leader, legislator, National Assembly
Speaker and Foreign Minister.
His credentials are strong. He's well-respected. He'll rise to the occasion
if called on. In 1999, Chavez did as a relative unknown. Maduro and other
PSUV leaders won't let Venezuelans down. Preserving Bolivarianism matters
The Wall Street Journal headlined "Ailing Chavez Seeks to Delay Inauguration,"
Failure to return by January 10 "raise(s) the possibility of a constitutional
crisis." Demeaning Chavez followed. "The former tank commander" remains
Opposition leaders cried foul. Delaying Chavez's inauguration is "unconstitutional,"
they claim. Venezuelan law explains otherwise.
Venezuelans "are divided on whether Mr. Chavez's illness means he should
step aside," said the Journal. Overwhelming popularity supports him. Scoundrel
media misinformation changes nothing.
Venezuela's Catholic Church weighed in. Regional and Vatican authorities
are notoriously right-wing. As Cardinal Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI opposed
His biographer, John Allen, said "today (he) believes the best antidote
to political totalitarianism is ecclesial totalitarian-ism."
As cardinal and pope, he's been hardline. He opposes liberal morality.
He won't tolerate diluting top-down authority.
On January 7, Venezuela's Catholic Church called it "morally unacceptable"
to "alter" constitutional law because of Chavez's health.
Venezuelan Bishops Conference president Diego Parron said:
"At stake are the good of the country and the defense of ethics. To alter
the Constitution to attain a political objective is morally unacceptable."
Chavez's illness puts "at grave risk the political and social stability
of the nation."
Expect lots more anti-Chavista rhetoric ahead. Dark forces never quit.
Expect Venezuelans to have the last word. They reelected Chavez overwhelmingly.
They intend to keep him.
They urge him speedy recovery. No matter how long it takes, he's worth
waiting for. He's someone they don't want to lose. Hopefully they won't
Note: On January 9, Venezuela's Supreme Tribunal of Justice postponed
Chavez's January 10 inauguration for an specified date to be named later.
Chief Justice Luisa Morales said:
"As president reelect, there is no interruption of performance of duties."
"The inauguration can be carried out at a later date before the Supreme
The Constitution's Article 231 stipulates it. Vice President Maduro will
perform Chavez's duties in his absence. Morales quashed opposition demands
for a caretaker president.
Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago and can be reached at email@example.com.
His new book is titled "Banker Occupation: Waging Financial War on Humanity."
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