- From JoAnn Castiglione
- To Dick Eastman
- Looks like Raytheon was in:
- Automated Precision Satellite Guidance Of 9/11 Type Aircraft
Largely Possible Just Before Attacks
- - United Airlines Boeing Aircraft, Along With UPS And
NASA 757s And 767s Utilized During Pre-9/11 GPS Tests
- - Raytheon/FAA Controlled GPS Satellite Navigation Array
Activated 13 Months Before 9/11 Attacks
- - October, 2001 Pilot Override System Envisioned Use
Of Satellite Auto-Navigation Concept And Communications Termination
- Because information collected after the terrorist attacks
of September 11, 2001 has raised questions about the alleged ability and
motivation of the people accused of piloting Boeing 757 and 767 planes
into the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania,
speculation has since lingered regarding the covert use of technology to
precisely self-navigate all 4 airliners into targets that day.
- Government and aviation industry publications shed light
on the development and implementation of pre-9/11 state-of-the-art systems
capable of facilitating precise automated navigation of the Boeing 757
and 767 aircraft used during the 9/11 attacks, to a given destination.
- "WAAS (Wide Area Augmentation System) is an extremely
accurate navigation system developed for civil aviation. Before WAAS, the
U.S. National Airspace System (NAS) did not have the potential to provide
horizontal and vertical navigation for approach operations for all users
at all locations. With WAAS, this capability is a reality ... WAAS provides
service for all classes of aircraft in all phases of flight - including
en route navigation"
- Just 13 months before the September 11 terrorist attacks,
the WAAS GPS satellite array was activated by the FAA and operated by "Raytheon"
on a preliminary basis.
- AMENDED VERSION: Wide Area Augmentation System Signal
- August 24, 2000
- "WASHINGTON, DC - After a successful 21-day stability
test of the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) signal in space, the U.S.
Department of Transportation's Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) declared
that it is now available for some aviation and all non-aviation uses ...
The system demonstrated one to two meters horizontal accuracy and two to
three meters vertical accuracy throughout the contiguous United States
... Raytheon will operate the system for the FAA on a continuous basis"
- One member having served on Raytheon's Special Advisory
Board is "Project for the New American Century" signatory Richard
- Only 3 weeks after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks,
a patent was applied for regarding a system that would override pilot control
from an autopilot equipped aircraft and redirect such an aircraft to a
predetermined destination via pre-programmed autopilot settings. This patent
cites the Differential Global Position Satellite research and development
conducted by Honeywell and NASA during the mid-1990s.
- ""A method for ... deactivating on-board control
of the autopilot system; directing the autopilot system to fly the aircraft
to a landing."
- "One optional feature of the invention disables
the aircraft's communications equipment."
- http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect2=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=...
- Honeywell's Differential GPS Satellite Landing System
- July/August, 1995
- "The Honeywell team participated in Boeing's Category
III-b flight test evaluation program in July and August of 1995. NASA supplied
the 757 aircraft and flight test facility. Boeing supplied the pilots,
ground crew, maintenance, flight test personnel and performed the aircraft
modifications for the flight tests. The flight tests were accomplished
at NASA's Wallops Island, Virginia, flight test facility. A total of 75
Category III-b automatic landings were accomplished during this phase of
flight testing. The autopilot used the DGPS to guide the aircraft to a
landing and ... performance data of these flight tests showed that the
Honeywell DGPS landing system achieved the predicted system accuracy of
one to two meters."
- Getting To The Point In Pinpoint Landing
- October, 1994
- "A high-performance navigation system used primarily
for automatic aircraft touchdowns promises centimeter-level landing accuracy.During
a four-day period in October 1994, the idea was put to the test on Runway
35 at NASA's Crows Landing Flight Facility in California. Using signals
from orbiting GPS satellites and the ground-generated pseudolite signals,
110 autopilot-in-the-loop landings of a United Airlines Boeing 737 were
- FAA/Ohio University Avionics Engineering Center Partnership
- December, 1998
- "Ohio University's Avionics Engineering Center recently
developed and successfully flight-tested technology that increases the
availability and accuracy of the Global Positioning System (GPS) ... This
technological breakthrough is the result of a 5-year aviation research
grant provided by the FAA to the Avionics Center to design, implement,
and test an advanced prototype GPS-based approach, landing, and surface
movement guidance system ... Pilots from United Parcel Service (UPS) flight
tested the new architecture in October 1994, using a UPS Boeing 757, completing
a total of 50 automated landings. During those tests, researchers integrated
Differential Global Positioning System into the Boeing 757 autoland system."
- FAA, ATA, UPS Test New Satellite Technology
- August 13, 1999
- "In the Atlantic City tests, a "UPS Boeing
767 flown by company pilots will perform 40 approaches down to as low as
25 feet above the runway. The pilots will fly some approaches manually;
others will be coupled to the aircraft's autopilot. The LAAS and GPS signals
will be processed by equipment specially installed aboard the 767 for these
tests. LAAS can tell pilots where their aircraft is to an accuracy of less
than one meter, and the system can be used in all visibility conditions.
It complements the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) that the FAA is
now developing and acquiring."
- On September 7, 1998, it was announced that American
Airlines and United Airlines selected Honeywell's new GPS capable "Pegasus"
Flight Management System (FMS) for use in their Boeing 757 and 767 aircraft.
- "A flight management system or FMS is a computerized
avionics component found on most commercial and business aircraft to assist
pilots in navigation, flight planning, and aircraft control functions.
It is considered to be composed of three major components: FMC (Flight
Management Computer), AFS (Auto Flight System), and Navigation System including
IRS (Inertial Reference System) and GPS."
- NORAD Had Drills of Jets as Weapons
- April 18, 2004
- "In the two years before the Sept. 11 attacks, the
North American Aerospace Defense Command conducted exercises simulating
... hijacked airliners used as weapons ... NORAD, in a written statement,
confirmed ... "Numerous types of civilian and military aircraft were
used as mock hijacked aircraft "".