- Bacteria are everywhere. Our mouths, throat, nose, ears
all harbor germs. A few bacteria in the urine are considered normal; and
fecal material is largely composed of bacteria. But what about the blood?
- Under "normal" conditions physicians
generally believe human blood is "sterile." The idea of bacteria
living in the blood normally is largely considered medical heresy.
- Recently Tom Detwiler of West Sayville, New York,
sent me an email with three microphotographs he took from a video of
a drop of his blood studied with "phase contrast" and a "dark
field microscope." The photos clearly showed round and beaded forms
emanating from red blood cells (erythrocytes), strongly suggesting the
appearance of bacteria. (Figures 1-3.) Detwiler is a biochemist with 18
years experience working as a microbiologist for a pharmaceutical company.
He has an avid interest in dark field microscopy and microphotography.
His blood findings were in accord with my own research documenting and
photographing bacteria in many forms of cancer and other immune diseases.
- Photo #1. Erythrocyte (red blood cell) phenomenon.
The release from the interior of the large red blood cell (in center)
of tiny round bodies into the plasma. Phase contrast photo.
- The idea that bacteria cause cancer is considered
medical heresy. However, continuing research dating back to the late nineteenth
century indicates that "pleomorphic" (variably-appearing) bacteria
are implicated in cancer. Over the past few decades more and more studies
have confirmed that similar bacteria can be found in the blood.
- Details of a century of research showing bacteria
in cancer can be found in my two books: The Cancer Microbe and Four Women
Against Cancer: Although I personally have no experience with blood research
and dark field microscopy, there are studies in the scientific literature
that support Detwiler's observations.
- The evidence for blood bacteria
- In a series of papers from 1972-1979, the late Guido
Tedeschi and his colleagues at the University of Camerino in Italy presented
remarkable findings indicating universal infection of the blood with staphylococcus-like
and streptococcal-like microbes.
- Photo #2. Erythrocyte phenomenon. The red blood
cell in the center has a smaller round vacuole with moving bodies within.
Phase contrast photo
- In 1977 Domingue and Schlegel confirmed "the
existence of a novel bacteriologic system" in the blood. They cultured
staphylococcal-like bacteria and filamentous cocco-bacillary forms from
71% of the blood specimens from ill patients; and from 7% of supposedly
healthy people. These pleomorphic bacteria grew out of round complex "dense
bodies" and developed into "ordinary bacteria." The authors
concluded: "These organisms may represent an adaptation of certain
bacteria to life in the blood." Their full report, which contains
pictures (full-screen) of the bacteria grown from blood, is online at:
- In the 1990's microbiologists Phyllis E Pease
and Janice Tallak termed these blood bacteria as "the human bacterial
endoparasite." Finnish researchers Kajander et al. describe them as
"novel bacteria-like particles," which are staphylococcal-like.
Like viruses, these tiny bacterial forms were able to pass through bacterial
filters, and were exceedingly difficult to culture. The Finnish team called
them "nanobacteria" and proposed a tentative name for the novel
agent: Nanobacterium sanquineum.
- In 2002 McLaughlin et al. presented a study entitled
"Are there naturally occurring pleomorphic bacteria in the blood
of healthy humans?" The researchers were surprised to discover bacteria
in the blood "since it is generally acknowledged that the blood stream
in healthy humans is a sterile environment, except when there is a breach
in the integrity of the tissue membranes."
- Photo#3: Overview of the erythrocyte (red blood
cell) phenomenon. Numerous small buds emanating from the red blood cells
are visible, as well as smaller unattached darkly-colored buds in the
- A few critics claim that Detwiler's forms are
contaminating bacteria or "artifacts" that are not microbial
in origin. However, in view of recent studies, it is clear that bacteria
do exist in human blood. Furthermore, bacteria are large enough to be observed
microscopically. Thus, Detwiler's observation of bacteria appears credible.
- Bechamp, Enderlein, and Reich
- In actuality, the study of the blood and the microbes
that emanate from blood cells was the subject of extensive examination
in the late nineteenth century by Antoine Bechamp (1816-1908). At the time,
it was widely believed that the cell was the smallest unit of life. But
the French professor insisted it was the tiny granules within the cell
(which he called "microzymas") which comprised the smallest
unit of life. In Bechamp's heretical view, bacteria could develop from
these microzymas under appropriate conditions. His book, The Blood and
its Third Element, is still in print.
- German zoologist Gunther Enderlein (1872-1968)
devoted many years to the dark field microscopic study of the blood. The
complicated "life cycle" of these blood bacteria is described
in his book Bacterien-Cyclogenie (1925).
- A controversial blood test is named after Enderlein;
and in 1993 a bi-lingual German and English translation of his research
was published entitled: Blood Examination in Darkfield: According to Prof.
Dr. Gunther Enderlein. The book is heavily illustrated with color photos
of bacteria in the blood. Although it is a difficult read due to Enderlein's
complex terminology of the various pleomorphic blood forms, it is considered
an essential work for practitioners performing the highly controversial
"live blood cell analysis" of human blood. Enderlein believed
that the sterility of the blood was an invalid assumption on the part of
medical science. He claimed the blood elements of all vertebrates, up to
and including man- even the healthiest-have been subjected to a massive
infestation of primitive-phase "endobionts."
- The infection of the blood by bacteria is commonly
accepted as fact by some alternative medical practitioners. However, attempts
to make a medical diagnosis by dark field examination of the patient's
blood is considered a scam and "sheer hokum" by most medical
doctors. A highly critical review of this procedure entitled "Live
blood cell analysis;Another gimmick to sell you something," by Stephen
Barrett MD, can be found on quackwatch.org.
- Other controversial researchers who made outstanding
contributions to the study of pleomorphic microbes in human disease include
Raymond Royal Rife, Wilhelm Reich and others. (For details of the scientific
achievements of these men, Google bechamp.org; professorenderlein.com;
rife.org and wilhelmreichmuseum.org. Also see: "Synthesis of the
work of Enderlein, Bechamp, and other pleomorphic researchers", by
Dr Karl Poehlman at: http;//www.explorepub.com/articles/enderlien3.html;
"Raymond Royal Rife" by Jeff Rense at: http://www.rense.com/health/rife.htm;
and "Dr. Wilhelm Reich: Scientific Genius or Medical Madman"?
by Alan Cantwell at http://whale.to/a/cantwell.html ) In addition, the
exhaustive and highly controversial "somatid" work of Quebec
biologist Gaston Naessens should be noted; and details of his research
can be found on the Internet.
- Pitfalls in the microbiology of the blood
- The microbiology of the blood is intimately related to
the proposed bacterial cause of cancer. The highly controversial microbiology
of cancer was fully explored during the 1950s, 60s, and 70s by four largely
ignored women scientists, namely Virginia Livingston MD, microbiologist
Eleanor Alexander-Jackson PhD, cell cytologist Irene Diller PhD, and biochemist
Florence Siebert PhD. These four remarkable scientists all recognized
the extreme importance of bacteria in the blood. Details of their research
appear in Four Women Against Cancer, and subtitled Bacteria, Cancer and
the Origin of Life.
- Much of the criticism against bacteria in cancer
and in human blood revolves around the inability of scientists to precisely
identify the species and/or multiple species of bacteria involved in the
process. Human blood is undoubtedly an aquarium for multiple kinds of bacteria,
all intimately interacting with each other and presumably passing genetic
material back and forth between each other (via "plasmids" and
- In 2001, a molecular study by Nikkari et al. found
bacterial DNA in the blood. The inconclusive report was titled, "Does
blood of healthy subjects contain bacterial ribosomal DNA?" The researchers
were unsure of the origin of these bacterial genetic sequences. Not surprisingly,
none of the published blood research cited in this present report was mentioned
- Further complicating the question of blood bacteria
is the century-old unresolved controversy of bacterial monomorphism versus
pleomorphism. Most microbiologists and doctors believe bacteria multiply
by simply dividing in half (binary fission). But pleomorphists believe
that the reproduction of bacteria is highly complex and involves various
growth forms within the body that are not recognized and accepted by traditional
science. It is not possible to study the microbiology of blood (and cancer)
without a knowledge of bacterial pleomorphism.
- Yet another stumbling block is the terminology
used to describe the various bacterial forms seen in the blood and the
tissue. Bacteria in the blood have been described by various researchers
as mycoplasma, L-forms, cell wall deficient bacteria, nanobacteria, and
a host of other confusing and often synonymous terms.
- Blood bacteria are thought to be connected with
the origin of life. Livingston (1906-1990) believed these microbes were
responsible not only for the initiation of life, but also acted as terminators
leading to death, admittedly a difficult concept for most people to consider.
Wilhelm Reich (1897-1957) referred to bacteria emanating from energy-depleted
cells as "T-bacilli", the "T" derived from the German
word "Tod", meaning death. He found T-bacilli in both healthy
and sick individuals. However, in the blood of sick people they were more
numerous. Reich devised a blood test to measure the vitality of blood.
(For details, Google: Reich blood test)
- Detwiler feels that the demonstration of bacteria
in normal blood is frightening to many people, who would prefer not to
know such things. In addition, the idea might be scary for people who receive
- Is human blood sterile?
- Although it may be comforting to believe that human blood
is sterile, common sense indicates it isn't. According to bloodbook.com,
five to ten percent of the cases of HIV infection are transmitted worldwide
through the transfusion of infected blood or tainted blood products. Other
diseases that can be transmitted by transfusion include viral, hepatitis
B and C, syphilis, malaria and Chagas' disease. Each year bad transfusions
cause an estimated 8 to 16 million hepatitis B virus infections, 2.3 to
5 million hepatitis C virus infections and 80,000 to 160,000 HIV infections.
- Currently in the U.S. all blood donors are tested
for HIV-1 and HIV-2, HTLV-1, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis. Excluded
from donating blood are people with a history of IV drug abuse and hepatitis,
and those with male homosexual activity since 1977. Blood is not tested
for West Nile virus, nor for herpes viruses such as human herpes-8 virus,
the virus causing Kaposi's sarcoma.
- Many blood banks encourage patients to donate their
own blood prior to the scheduled date of an elective surgery, in order
to minimize the possibility of transfer of viruses.
- Blood bacteria and human disease
- Despite a century of modern medicine we know little about
the cause of cancer and the many chronic diseases that accompany old
age. Heart and blood vessel disease (arteriosclerosis) are the most common
causes of death in the elderly. Could blood bacteria contribute to the
cellular changes in the heart and blood vessels?
- It is said that if he lives long enough every man will
develop prostate cancer. Thus, there must be something intrinsic in every
man that causes this. Could it be the build-up of bacteria in the blood,
coupled with declining cell vigor, as claimed by Reich? For new research
pointing to the possible connection between bacteria and prostate cancer,
go to: http://www.rense.com/general67/four.htm
- Dr. Virginia Livingston thought blood bacteria served
as a way for Mother Nature to force old people off the planet in order
to make more room for younger and healthier people.
- Pleomorphic bacteria have a "life cycle"
and so do we. We ourselves are "pleomorphic" in that we begin
life as microscopic beings and grow to produce new life by mixing our
genetic material with others. When we die, we hope to continue as "spirit"
with eternal life. In his experiments Wilhelm Reich was astonished to
discover that it was impossible to destroy the smallest living forms of
- The inability of modern medicine to recognize the
reality and importance of blood bacteria is the great tragedy of modern
- Hopefully, this communication and the intriguing
photos by Tom Detwiler will encourage others to explore the evidence for
bacteria in the blood - and the idea that these bacteria are connected
with the origin of life itself.
- ADDENDUM: Tom Detwiler's "Activation Method of the
- Attached is the so-called activation procedure
that I've been using. I've been working with variants of this procedure
for a number of years. The results are striking, more viscerally effective
than electron micrographs. I have long felt that if it was published 60
years ago we may not be in the current situation on this matter.
- Section 1 is self explanatory.
- Section 2 is recommended for more careful consideration
of the matter.
- I. Activation of a microbiological factor associated
with the erythrocyte
- Incubation of a blood sample in buffer solution
demonstrates an association of the majority of erythrocytes with a microbiological
factor. A procedure to activate this factor is a preparation of 25 uL freshly
drawn blood mixed with 0.4 mL NaHPO4 [0.18M] pH 7; followed with incubation
in a 50C water bath for 60 minutes. The result is viewed with phase contrast.
- A blood preparation from a normal healthy individual
will display the following phenomena:
- 1. Evolution of spicules from erythrocytes.
- 2. Budding of erythrocytes.
- 3. The release from vesicles within the erythrocyte
of forms resembling cocci, often in chains.
- 4. Large vesicles containing motile particles within
- 5. Motile particles appearing in the plasma solution.
- Similar results can be obtained over a pH range
including 4.5 - 7.5. The lower end of the temperature range to evoke this
is about 42C. Isotonic sodium citrate at pH 7 is also effective.
- Several assumptions are utilized to facilitate
this presentation; that the expressed microbiological forms from the blood
of a healthy individual are predominantly that of one microorganism with
a capability of different formats of expression.
- The activation phenomena can be viewed as a destabilization
of the homeostatic maintenance of a microorganism within the erythrocyte.
This microorganism appears to be capable of exiting the cell in several
- The evolution of erythrocyte spicules/filaments
is regarded as a biophysical property of the erythrocyte membrane.
- A noticeable increase in particles can observed
in slide preparations of whole blood over the course of several hours.
The blood would appear to have an innate capability of generation of particles.
- The results obtained by this procedure support
conclusions reached by some previous investigators. It may be reasonable
to assume that this phenomena has been viewed previously, and possibly
interpreted in similar fashion.
- II. Biological control
- An autoclaved isotonic solution of sodium phosphate
or sodium citrate will produce the activation of the erythrocyte associated
microorganism as described. Attention to the possible biological content
of the solution used is necessary to increase the confidence level concerning
a particular observation, or in performing further work with this microbe.
- Biological particles capable of proliferation will
frequently demonstrate an ability to withstand an autoclave cycle. Reliance
on autoclave processing for biological control allows the possibility of
significant biological factors entering an experimental preparation through
solutions or surfaces. As there are indications that this erythrocyte microorganism
is integrated into the plasma response to biological factors, there is
more than the concern of introducing life forms into a preparation containing
a specific microbe to be considered.
- The following approach was used to produce a sodium
phosphate solution containing minimal biological factors.
- Water was provided by distillation, by a system
configured to minimize water droplet "carry over" with the steam
vapor. The distillation system used was modified by the placement of a
water droplet trap in the vapor path. Frequent maintenance of the distillation
flask reduced the numbers of a particle life form appearing in the distillate
to a level difficult to detect by dark field inspection (40x objective;
- Disodium phosphate has a desirable property of
withstanding considerable heat without polymerizing into a polyphosphate.
Sodium phosphate solution [0.18 M] was prepared from disodium phosphate
that was previously brought to 230 C for 2 hours. The solution was then
pH adjusted to 7 with 1N HCl, and used immediately.
- Glassware was warmed at 230 C for 2 hours.
- Domingue GJ, Schlegel JU.Novel bacterial structures in
human blood: cultural isolation. Infect Immun. 1977 Feb;15(2):621-7.
- Kajander EO, Tahvanainen E, Kuronen I and Ciftcioglu
- Comparison of Staphylococci and Novel Bacteria-Like Particles
from Blood. Zbl. Bakt. Suppl. 26, 1994.
- McLaughlin RW, Vali H, Lau PC, Palfree RG, De Ciccio
A, Sirois M, Ahmad D, Villemur R, Desrosiers M, Chan EC. Are there naturally
occurring pleomorphic bacteria in the blood of healthy humans? J Clin Microbiol.
- Nikkari S, McLaughlin IJ, Bi W, Dodge DE, Relman DA.
Does blood of healthy subjects contain bacterial ribosomal DNA? J Clin
Microbiol. 2001 May;39(5):1956-9.
- Pease PE, Tallack JE. A permanent endoparasite of man.
1. The silent zoogleal/symplasm/L-form phase. Microbios. 1990;64(260-261):173-80.
- Tedeschi GG, Di Iorio EE. Penetration and interaction
with haemoglobin of corynebacteria-like microorganisms into erythrocytes
in vitro. Experientia. 1979 Mar 15;35(3):330-2.
- Tedeschi GG, Bondi A, Paparelli M, Sprovieri G. Electron
microscopical evidence of the evolution of corynebacteria-like microorganisms
within human erythrocytes. Experientia. 1978 Apr 15;34(4):458-60.
- Tedeschi GG, Amici D, Sprovieri G, Vecchi A. Staphylococcus
epidermidis in the circulating blood of normal and thrombocytopenic human
subjects: immunological data. Experientia. 1976 Dec 15;32(12):1600-2.
- Tedeschi GG, Amici D. Mycoplasma-like microorganisms
probably related to L forms of bacteria in the blood of healthy persons.
Cultural, morphological and histochemical data.Ann Sclavo. 1972 Jul-Aug;14(4):430-42.
- [Alan Cantwell M.D. is retired dermatologist. He is the
author of The Cancer Microbe: The Hidden Killer in Cancer, AIDS, and Other
Immune Diseases, and Four Women Against Cancer: Bacteria, Cancer and the
Origin of Life, both published by Aries Rising Press, PO Box 29532, Los
Angeles, CA 90029 (www.ariesrisingpress.com). His books are available from
Amazon.com and via Book Clearing House at 1-800-431-1579.
- Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org