- According to the "Stop TB Now Act of 2007",
which was introduced in the US Senate on March 22, 2007 and now is being
dealt with in the Committee on Foreign Relations, more than 50% of all
the TB-cases in the United States are found in foreign-born individuals.
- Quotes from Act S 968 IS
- "Driven by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, incidence rates
of tuberculosis in Africa have more than doubled on average since 1990,
making it the only region in the world in which tuberculosis rates are
not currently stabilized or declining. The problem is so pervasive that
in August 2005, African Health Ministers and the World Health Organization
(WHO) declared tuberculosis to be an emergency in Africa.
- "The wide extent of drug resistance, including both
multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB ) and extensively drug resistant
tuberculosis (XDR-TB ), represents both a critical challenge to the global
control of tuberculosis and a serious worldwide public health threat.
- "XDR-TB , which is characterized as being MDR-TB
with additional resistance to multiple second-line anti-tuberculosis drugs,
is associated with worst-treatment outcomes of any form of tuberculosis.
XDR-TB is converging with the HIV epidemic, undermining gains in HIV prevention
and treatment programs and requires urgent interventions.
- "Drug resistance surveillance reports have confirmed
the serious scale and spread of tuberculosis with XDR-TB strains confirmed
on six continents.
- "Demonstrating the lethality of XDR-TB, an initial
outbreak in Tugela Ferry, South Africa killed 52 of 53 patients with hundreds
more cases reported since. Of the world's regions, sub-Saharan Africa
faces the greatest gap in capacity to prevent, find, and treat XDR-TB
- More than 50% of all TB-cases in the US found in foreign-born
- "With more than 50 percent of tuberculosis cases
in the United States attributable to foreign-born individuals and with
the increase in international travel, commerce, and migration, elimination
of tuberculosis in the United States depends on efforts to control the
disease in developing countries. Recent research has shown that to invest
in tuberculosis control abroad, where treatment and program costs are
significantly cheaper than in the United States, would be a cost-effective
strategy to reduce tuberculosis-related morbidity and mortality domestically.
- "The threat that tuberculosis poses for Americans
derives from the global spread of tuberculosis and the emergence and spread
of strains of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis and extensively drug
resistant tuberculosis, which are far more deadly, and more difficult
and costly to treat."
- The Global Plan to Stop TB 2006-2015: Actions for Life
is a comprehensive plan developed by the Stop TB Partnership that sets
out the actions necessary to achieve the millennium development goal
of cutting tuberculosis deaths and disease burden in half by 2015 and
thus eliminate tuberculosis as a global health problem by 2050.
- While innovations such as the Global Tuberculosis Drug
Facility have enabled low-income countries to treat a standard case of
tuberculosis with drugs that cost as little as $16 for a full course
of treatment, there are still millions of individuals with no access to
- "For the purpose of carrying out global tuberculosis
activities through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there
are authorized to be appropriated $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2008 and
$100,000,000 for fiscal year 2009. Such authorization of appropriations
is in addition to other authorizations of appropriations that are available
for such purposes. Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization
of appropriations under this section shall remain available until expended."
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