- Egypt - Second Fatal Bird Flu Death Confirmed
- As of 29 Mar 2006, the Ministry of Health
in Egypt has confirmed the country's 2nd fatal case of human infection
with the H5N1 avian influenza virus. The person who died was a 30 year
old woman from the Qaliubiya governorate near Cairo. She developed symptoms
on 12 Mar 2006 following the home slaughter of chickens. She was hospitalized
on 16 Mar 2006 and died on 27 Mar 2006.
- The country's 1st case occurred in another
30 year old woman, also from Qaliubiya, who died on 17 Mar 2006.
- Tests conducted by the Cairo-based US
Naval Medical Research Unit 3 (NAMRU-3) have confirmed an additional 3
cases. A 32 year old man, who worked on a farm where poultry were recently
culled, developed symptoms on 16 Mar 2006 and was admitted to hospital
the same day. He has since recovered. A 17 year old boy, whose father runs
a poultry farm in the Gharbiya governorate in the Nile Delta, developed
symptoms on 18 Mar 2006 and was admitted to hospital the next day. He
has since recovered. The 5th case is an 18 year old girl from the Kafr
El-Sheikh governorate. She developed symptoms following the slaughter of
sick backyard poultry and was admitted to hospital on 25 Mar 2006.
- At present, the Ministry of Health has
confirmed all 5 cases based on results from the NAMRU-3 laboratory. Samples
from these cases have been sent to a WHO collaborating laboratory in the
United Kingdom for diagnostic verification. WHO will adjust the figures
in its cumulative number of cases following the results of this external
verification. Test results are expected later this week.
- Health authorities have screened more
than 350 people who were contacts of these patients or had a recent history
of exposure to diseased birds. All test results have been negative for
- Egypt has a large population of poultry,
many of which are kept on roof terraces in close proximity to humans. H5N1
outbreaks in poultry have now been reported in 19 of the country's 26
governorates. Since the 1st outbreak was confirmed on 17 Feb 2006, more
than 25 million birds have died or been destroyed.
- Egypt and these 5 suspected cases have
not yet been added to the WHO cumulative list of laboratory-confirmed human
cases of avian influenza virus infection, which was last updated on 24
Mar 2006. If confirmed by independent testing, the global total of human
cases of avian influenza virus will become 191, with 107 deaths. - Mod.CP
- Indonesia - 5 Year Old Child
Dies 31st Suspected Avian Flu Case
- A child under 5 years old who was admitted
to the Dr Soedono General Hospital in Madiun, East Java with symptoms compatible
with bird flu died on Tue 28 Mar 2006 after being treated for around 3
hours, a hospital spokesman said.
- "The patient was accepted at the
hospital at around 10:55 pm on Mon 27 Mar 2006 and died at 1:55 am on
Tue 28 Mar 2006. The patient was referred to us by the Magetan General
Hospital," the spokesman, Sugeng Haryanto, said. He said the patient
was weak, in a coma, convulsive, and having breathing difficulty. The Magetan
hospital suspected the child was suffering from avian influenza, and therefore
needed further treatment. "We contacted the Dr Soetomo hospital in
Surbaya, and a team from that hospital was expected to arrive Tuesday
[28 Mar 2006] morning to take blood samples from the child, but the patient
died before the team arrived. We tried hard to improve the condition of
the patient, but the reality was not as expected." he said.
- The Dr Soedono hospital has so far treated
3 suspected avian influenza patients, and 2 of them were eventually declared
H5N1 virus-negative and recovered. The hospital has formed a special team
to deal with avian influenza cases. "The team was the one that treated
the child last night. The team is always ready any time it is needed,"
- The city of Madiun is located in East
Java to the west of Surabaya (see:
- If this suspected avian influenza case
is confirmed, it will rank as the
- 31st human case in Indonesia and the
24th death. - Mod.CP
- Patricia A. Doyle DVM, PhD
- Bus Admin, Tropical Agricultural Economics
- Univ of West Indies
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- Go with God and in Good Health