- For the last four years the High-frequency
Active Auroral Research Project (HAARP) has been managed by the Defense
Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) with Dr. Sheldon Z. Meth as the
Program Manager. As of March 9, 2006 the official DARPA page for HAARP
http://www.darpa.mil/ucar/programs/haarp.htm states that the high frequency
transmitting array at the HAARP Research Station, Gakona, AK has been completed.
- "The HAARP Interactive Ionospheric
Research Observatory is a major Arctic facility for the study of upper
atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics and for Radio Science and Communications
research. Among the instruments included at the facility are a high power,
high-frequency (HF) phased array radio transmitter, numerous radio frequency
and optical research instruments capable of observing and monitoring the
complex auroral ionosphere, and site infrastructure to support research
- The above is from the official HAARP
website http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/ The high-frequency phased array
radio transmitter mentioned is also called the Ionospheric Research Instrument
(IRI) and it is the heart of the HAARP program. The Final IRI (FIRI) is
a field of 180 towers, each 72 feet tall with two crossed dipole antennas
at the top of each tower. Slung beneath the towers is a wire grid for reflecting
upward any radio emissions from the antennas that heads toward the ground.
Beneath the mesh are small buildings called shelters for the radio transmitters.
All of these elements are linked together to act as one giant transmitting
antenna with an effective radiated power (ERP) of 3.6 million watts, making
it the world's largest radio broadcasting station.
- HAARP TIMELINE
- Dr. Bernard J. Eastlund received the
first of his three patents for a HAARP-like "Method And Apparatus
For Altering A Region In The Earth's Atmosphere, Ionosphere, And/Or Magnetosphere"
(US Patent Number 4,686,605) on 11 August, 1987, while working for the
ARCO subsidiary APTI. It was but the first of a dozen related patents that
scientists on APTI's payroll would take out over the next few years.
- Officially, however, HAARP was conceived
on the morning of 13 December 1989, when a joint Navy-Air Force meeting
was held at the Office of Naval Research (ONR) in Washington, D.C. It has
since been described as a discussion of their mutual interest in carrying
out a Department of Defense (DoD) program in the area of ionospheric modification.
Military and HAARP documents insist that it was at this meeting that the
"need" for a unique heating facility to conduct "critical
experiments" relating to potential DoD applications was "identified."
- The official tale of the birth of HAARP
claims that the Navy and Air Force personnel at that after-breakfast meeting
at ONR decided to bring the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
in on the project. Consequently, Navy and Air Force 08personnel trooped
over to DARPA later that day to present their proposal for a DoD sponsored
program. As well as representatives of DARPA, people from the Office of
the Defense Director of Research & Engineering (DDR&E) were also
present at that second meeting of the day.
- This led to an Ionospheric Modification/ELF
Workshop held the following month at NUSC on 9-11 January 1990. It was
attended by personnel from a number of government agencies, as well as
from several universities and the private sector. The workshop was billed
as providing "an opportunity for broad-based inputs concerning research
needs in ionospheric modification. In addition, potential systems were
defined, and the characteristics of a new, unique, HF heating facility
were discussed and identified."
- In a year's time the project moved off
of the drawing boards and into reality. The Appropriation Act for Fiscal
Year (FY) 1990 provided funds for the creation of HAARP, jointly managed
by the Air Force Research Laboratory and the Office of Naval Research.
Three contracts were awarded to ARCO Power Technologies (APTI) to begin
feasibility studies in 1991. In 1992 the principal contract to begin construction
was awarded, also to APTI.
- Early November 1993 the United States
Air Force announced, via press release, that the prime contractor on the
HAARP program was Arco Power Technologies, Incorporated, (APTI) owner of
the patents of Eastlund and other APTI scientists.
- Initial prototype construction began
at the Gakona, Alaska site in late 1993 and was completed a year later
in late '94. During that time APTI bailed on the project and mysteriously
sold it to a major defense contractor, E-Systems of Dallas, Texas.
- The following year, 1995, Raytheon bought
E-Systems and all the APTI patents they held. That same year Congress budgeted
$10 million for HAARP for FY 1996 under "Counterproliferation - Advanced
Development" spending. In the FY 1997 Descriptive Summary of the Counterproliferation
Advanced Development Budget HAARP appears under the sub-heading "Project
P539 Counterforce." There it is recorded that "In FY96, Congress
added $10 Million to be used for the High-Frequency Acoustic [sic] Auroral
Research Program (HAARP) to this project." Elsewhere in that report
it states "...in FY96 only, the Congressionally added HAARP program
funds will be used to explore the ability of auroral transmissions to detect
and locate underground structures of the type where WMD [Weapons of Mass
Destruction] can be developed or stored."
- The HAARP final ionospheric research
instrument (FIRI) was planned to be a field of 180 antennas arranged in
a rectangular grid of 12 rows by 15 columns. Initially a smaller set of
elements was constructed so that the predicted performance could be verified
before the entire facility is built. That initial phase of the program
was called the Developmental Prototype (DP). By April of 1995 the DP array
of 48 antenna towers arranged as 8 columns by 6 rows had been completed.
Thirty additional unpowered and unused towers were also erected at that
- The first round of tests of the DP was
in April 1995. More start-up tests were conducted in July and November
of 1995, while tests of the aircraft detection radar were conducted in
September of that year. The aircraft alert radar (AAR) is intended to automatically
shut off "appropriate transmissions" when aircraft are detected
within, or approaching a "safety zone" established around the
- HAARP documents claim that the facility
was shut down at the end of the last set of initial low power tests on
the DP on 21 November, 1995. Officially, no testing was conducted from
that time until the HAARP facility was at last put to scientific use for
the first time, over a year later. A two week flurry of scientific research
activity, called a "campaign," took place from 27 February to
14 March, 1997. In addition to science experiments, this two week period
included several visits from tour groups; participation in a lecture series
by HAARP personnel at the nearby community college; a public talk on ionospheric
research and the HAARP facility; and the first HAARP-Amateur radio listening
- During the early part of the August 1997
testing period several experiments were performed with the NASA WIND satellite
which was at a favorable position in its orbit.
- The third annual HAARP Open House was
held 23-24 August, 1997. Program personnel were present to discuss the
project and to give demonstrations and tours of the facility. Several experts
in ionospheric physics were also present to discuss the research plans
and the physics of the earth's upper atmosphere.
- They wanted to finish erecting the FIRI
by 2002 but got their budget slashed. It appears that the in-coming President,
George W. Bush, was more concerned with his anti-missile missile defense
program than with ionospheric research, or exotic electromagnetic weapons
research, depending on which HAARP really is, and killed HAARP's funding
for the first two years of his administration.
- Initially HAARP was jointly managed by
ONR and the Air Force's Phillips Laboratory in Massachusetts. In 2002 Project
Management of HAARP was transferred to the Defense Advanced Research Projects
Agency (DARPA). It would seem that DARPA was brought in to whip the project
into shape. According to the official DARPA webpage for HAARP their portion
of the project has now been completed and HAARP is being "transitioned"
back to the Air Force and Navy in FY2006.
- Per the official DARPA fact sheet:
- "The Defense Advanced Research Projects
Agency (DARPA) is the central research and development organization for
the Department of Defense (DoD). It manages and directs selected basic
and applied research and development projects for DoD, and pursues research
and technology where risk and payoff are both very high and where success
may provide dramatic advances for traditional military roles and missions."
- There are eight technical offices in
DARPA. HAARP came under The Tactical Technology Office (TTO). According
to their fact sheet:
- "The Tactical Technology Office
engages in high-risk, high-payoff advanced technology development of military
systems, emphasizing the "system" and "subsystem" approach
to the development of Unmanned Systems, Space Systems and Tactical Multipliers."
- DARPA's official word on HAARP, as of
- "The High Frequency Active Auroral
Research Project (HAARP) developed new experimental research capabilities
and conducted research programs to exploit emerging ionosphere and radio
science technologies related to advanced defense applications. The FY 1990
Appropriation Act provided funds for the creation of HAARP, jointly managed
by the Air
- Force Research Laboratory and the Office
of Naval Research to exploit emerging ionosphere and high power radio technology
for new military systems applications. Key to the current effort was the
expansion of the experimental research facility that includes a 3.6 MW
high-frequency transmitter and a variety of diagnostic instruments, to
conduct investigations to characterize the physical processes that can
be initiated and controlled in the ionosphere and space, via interactions
with high power radio waves.
- Among these were:
- (1) the generation of extremely low frequency/very
low frequency radio waves for submarine and other subsurface communication,
and the reduction of charged particle populations in the radiation belts
to ensure safe spacecraft systems operations;
- (2) the control of electron density gradients
and the refractive
- properties in selected regions of the
- to create radio wave propagation channels;
- (3) the generation of optical and infrared
emissions in space to calibrate space sensors. To date, the facility has
been developed to include a suite of optical and radio diagnostics and
an advanced, modern, high frequency transmitting array that has a radiated
power of 960 kW, about one-third of the 3.6MW called for in the original
concept and plan.
- The current high frequency transmitting
array has proven to be extremely reliable and flexible, and has shown the
feasibility of the overall concept. However, results to date have indicated
that the advanced applications-related research activities and new military
system concept demonstrations envisioned under the program require that
the high frequency transmitting capability at the site be increased from
the present 960 kW level to the originally planned 3.6 MW level.
- A study completed by an Air Force/Navy
Panel also pointed to additional high-value functions that can potentially
be accomplished with the a 3.6 MW capability, in particular, the exploration
and refinement of scientific principles that could lead to the development
and deployment of a system to provide protection for spacebased assets
from emergent asymmetric threats. DARPA established an MOA with the Air
Force and Navy for this program in November 2002. The HAARP technology
is transitioning to the Air Force and Navy in FY 2006.
- "Program Plans
- * Completed the HAARP high frequency
transmitting array at the HAARP Research Station, Gakona, AK.
- * Prepared the existing HAARP facility
in preparation for ionospheric testing.
- * Conducted advanced ionosphere and radio
science research and analysis of applications including space-based asset
protection and phenomena related to its implementation."
- Not only was Dr. Meth in charge of HAARP,
he also manages programs called Air Laser and MAgneto Hydrodynamic Explosive
Munition (MAHEM)! Does it seem odd to you that a guy running a lazar development
program and designing some kind of bomb would also be tinkering with how
the top of the atmosphere reacts to radio waves?
- DARPA signed a Memorandum of Agreement
(MOA) with the Air Force and Navy to run this program for them in November
2002. On 17 February 2003 a Press Release went out announcing that BAE
Systems North America had reached a definitive agreement with Advanced
Power Technologies, Inc. (APTI), to purchase the corporation for $27 million
in cash (note that somewhere along the line the "A" in APTI changed
from "ARCO" to "Advanced"). That Press Release has
since been deleted from BAE's website. Details on this purchase have completely
vanished from the Internet. I called a spokesperson at APTI and got very
little information. Indeed, when I asked about HAARP the poor fellow had
never heard of it - or so he claimed!
- After purchasing APTI BAE Systems then
owned the intellectual property, the patents, that make HAARP possible.
When HAARP's funding was resumed they automatically got the contract. This
is important evidence that HAARP is a ground-based weapons systems, as
laid out in those patents, as has been discussed in several books on HAARP,
- One year and two months after purchasing
APTI, BAE Systems announced that they had received a contract from the
Navy for $35 Million to complete the HAARP Program. In a Press Release
dated 10 June 2004, BAE Systems proclaimed:
- "The Office of Naval Research has
awarded BAE Systems a $35.4 million contract to manufacture 132 high frequency
(HF) transmitters for installation in the High Frequency Active Auroral
Research Program's (HAARP) phased array antenna system. The contract was
finalized April 19 with BAE Systems Information & Electronic Warfare
Systems in Washington, D. C."
- BAE Systems lost no time in farming out
the HAARP contract. Five days after getting the job from the Navy they
sub-contracted it to DRS Technologies.
- "DRS TECHNOLOGIES RECEIVES $23.3
MILLION CONTRACT TO PROVIDE HIGH-FREQUENCY RADIO TRANSMITTERS FOR U.S.
- "Parsippany, NJ, June 15 -- DRS
Technologies, Inc. (NYSE: DRS) announced today that it has received a $23.3
million contract, including options, to provide high-frequency (HF) radio
transmitters for the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP),
which supports a U. S. government Arctic research facility being built
to study the Earth's upper atmosphere.
- "The $11.5 million base contract
was awarded to DRS by BAE Systems PLC (LSE: BA. L). For this award, DRS
will manufacture more than 60 Model D616G 10-Kilowatt Dual Transmitters
to fulfill the transmitter requirements for the HAARP program. Work for
this order will be performed by the company's DRS Broadcast Technology
unit in Dallas, Texas. Product deliveries to BAE Systems' Information and
Electronic Warfare Systems in Washington, D.C., are scheduled to begin
in March 2005 and continue for approximately one year.
- "We are pleased to continue our
role as a premier supplier of transmitters for the HAARP program,"
said Steven T. Schorer, president of DRS's C4I Group. "This award
enhances DRS's position as a leader in high-technology radio frequency
solutions for secure and tactical communications systems supporting the
applications of the government scientific research community."
- "The high-frequency or short-wave
Model D616G Transmitters were designed specifically for the U. S. government
HAARP research facility. Currently, the ionosphere provides long-range
capabilities for commercial ship-to-shore communications, transoceanic
aircraft links, and military communications and surveillance systems.
- "A primary goal of HAARP is to understand
how variations in the sun's radiation affect the performance of radio systems
and to improve military command, control, communications and surveillance
- "DRS Broadcast Technology, formerly
known as Continental Electronics, is a global leader in broadcast transmitter
equipment. It is the foremost supplier of advanced radio frequency transmission
technology and the world's most experienced provider of the highest power
radio broadcast equipment, offering a full range of products for broadcasting,
military and scientific applications.
- "DRS Technologies, headquartered
in Parsippany, New Jersey, provides leading edge products and services
to defense, government intelligence and commercial customers. Focused on
defense technology, DRS develops and manufactures a broad range of mission
critical systems. The company employs 5,800 people worldwide."
- So, what do the spokesfolks at HAARP
say they are doing now? From the HAARP website:
- "Since March 1999, when the current
960 kW power capability became available, approximately 7-10 research campaigns
have been conducted annually at the Gakona facility. Research periods are
scheduled throughout the year; however, specific research areas are studied
optimally during certain seasons. For example, the detection of optical
emissions is best studied during the winter when clear, dark skies are
frequent. Two such campaigns were conducted during 2002 and 2003. Extended
research campaigns were conducted during the summers of 2002 and 2003 to
observe and characterize the seasonal occurrence of an upper atmospheric
phenomenon called Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes (PMSE) that occurs only
at high latitudes in the summer."
- This infrequently up-dated site seldom
reflects when the array is in use. Usually the site does not mention such
use until months, or even years after, and then usually in very vague terms.
As I write this, the site claims the last time the IRI was in use was November
of 2003. Independent researchers have established that the site was in
near daily use in 2005, however. As best anyone can tell the technicians
spent the days wiring up the new transmitters and antennae, then spent
several hours each night broadcasting to check the quality of the workmanship
- So, that is where HAARP is today, a $300
million dollar plus "upper atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics"
observatory -- that may or may not also be a whole lot more.
- Even if HAARP is exactly what it says
it is, is that something good? A key DoD document defines HAARP saying:
- "The heart of the program will be
the development of a unique ionospheric heating capability to conduct the
pioneering experiments required to adequately assess the potential for
exploiting ionospheric enhancement technology for DOD purposes."
- Let's break that down. Technically HAARP
is a type of device called an ionospheric heater because injecting all
that radio frequency energy (3.6 billions watts) into the atmosphere heats
it up. The big difference between HAARP and the dozen or so other ionospheric
heaters in the world is that HAARP, based on the Eastlund/APTI patents
is a uniquely designed phased antenna array. This phasing, or sequencing
of the firing of the transmitters/antenna field allows for the focusing
ability that sets HAARP apart from its peers. If used for over-the-horizon
surveillance it would also have made HAARP a violation of the ABM Treaty,
which was still in effect when work on HAARP began, and may be the real
reason for the military's calling HAARP a civilian science project in the
- Heating the atmosphere changes it, so
you can make it do things. In this case the amount of heating literally
blows the molecules of the air apart. That is what is meant by "ionospheric
enhancement." You have to love the use of the word enhancement --
only the military would think that breaking something makes it better!
This heating to the point where the molecules are blown apart causes it
to give off a "scream" of extremely low frequency (ELF) radio
waves that penetrate deep into the earth and deep into the seas.
- The project was initially funded specifically
to do this: to use this ionospherically generated ELF to communicate with
deeply submerged submarines and to engage in something earth penetrating
tomography to target and monitor enemy underground bases for the manufacture
and launch of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). This heating also turns
the "excited region" into a plasma (an electrically charged gas)
that goes out into space, possibly destroying anything ! electronic (like
an ICBM or a spy satellite) that passes through it.
- It also changes the shape and radio wave
bounce characteristics of the ionosphere, effectively jamming some radio
- And what are DoD purposes? Why, to win
wars! to make new weapons or to make existing weapons and personal more
effective (which is called a force multiplier). So, simply put, what this
quote says is that the DoD wants to know if they can use this technology
to turn the atmosphere into a weapon, or use it to improve existing weapons.
- As I have been asking for almost a decade
now, is weaponizing the atmosphere a good idea? What about unintended and
unexpected consequences? What happens when the enemy responds in kind?
And why is it that the mainstream press is so silent on these issues?
- Jerry E. Smith
- BAE SYSTEMS RECEIVES $35 MILLION FOR
HAARP PROGRAM http://www.na.baesystems.com/releasesDetail.cfm?a=170
- The Ultimate Weapon Of Mass Destruction:
'Owning the Weather' For Military Use
- By Michel Chossudovsky
- Climatic Manipulation by the US Military:
The HAARP Program
- The High-Frequency Active Auroral Research
Program (HAARP) based in Gokona, Alaska, has been in existence since 1992.
It is part of a new generation of sophisticated weaponry under the US Strategic
Defense Initiative (SDI). Operated by the Air Force Research Laboratory's
Space Vehicles Directorate, HAARP constitutes a system of powerful antennas
capable of creating "controlled local modifications of the ionosphere"
[upper layer of the atmosphere]:
- "[HAARP will be used] to induce
a small, localized change in ionospheric temperature so that resulting
physical reactions can be studied by other instruments located either at
or close to the HAARP site". (HAARP website)
- Nicholas Begich --actively involved in
the public campaign against HAARP-- describes HAARP as:
- "A super-powerful radiowave-beaming
technology that lifts areas of the ionosphere by focusing a beam and heating
those areas. Electromagnetic waves then bounce back onto earth and penetrate
everything -- living and dead." (for further details see Michel Chossudovsky,
- World renowned scientist Dr. Rosalie
Bertell depicts HAARP as "a gigantic heater that can cause major disruptions
in the ionosphere, creating not just holes, but long incisions in the protective
layer that keeps deadly radiation from bombarding the planet." (quoted
in Chossudovsky, op cit.)
- According to Richard Williams, a physicist
and consultant to the David Sarnoff laboratory in Princeton HAARP constitutes
"an irresponsible act of global vandalism."
- He and others fear a secret second stage
where HAARP would "beam much more energy into the ionosphere. That
could produce a severe disruption of the upper atmosphere at one location
that may produce effects that spread rapidly around the Earth for years."
(Quoted in Scott Gilbert, Environmental Warfare and US Foreign Policy:
The Ultimate Weapon of Mass Destruction, http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/GIL401A.html
- HAARP has been presented to public opinion
as a program of scientific and academic research. US military documents
seem to suggest, however, that HAARP's main objective is to "exploit
the ionosphere for Department of Defense purposes." (quoted in Chossudovsky,
op cit). Without explicitly referring to the HAARP program, a US Air Force
study points to the use of "induced ionospheric modifications"
as a means of altering weather patterns as well as disrupting enemy communications
and radar. (Ibid)
- HAARP also has the ability of triggering
blackouts and disrupting the electricity power system of entire regions.
- An analysis of statements emanating from
the US Air Force points to the unthinkable: the covert manipulation of
weather patterns, communications systems and electric power as a weapon
of global warfare, enabling the US to disrupt and dominate entire regions
of the World.
- Weather Warfare: A Corporate Bonanza
- HAARP has been operational since the
early 1990s. Its system of antennas at Gakona, Alaska, was initially based
on a technology patented by Advanced Power Technologies Inc. (APTI), a
subsidiary of Atlantic Ritchfield Corporation (ARCO). The first phase of
the HAARP Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI) was completed by APTI.
The IRI system of antennas was first installed in 1992 by a subsidiary
of British Aerospace Systems (BAES) using the APTI patent. The antennas
beam into the outer-atmosphere using a set of wireless high frequency transmitters.
- In 1994, ARCO sold its APTI subsidiary,
including the patents and the second phase construction contract to E-Systems,
a secretive high tech military outfit with links to the CIA (http://www.crystalinks.com/haarp.html
- E-Systems specializes in the production
of electronic warfare equipment, navigation and reconnaissance machinery,
including "highly sophisticated spying devices":
- "[E-Systems] is one of the biggest
intelligence contractors in the world, doing work for the CIA, defense
intelligence organizations, and others. US$1.8 billion of their annual
sales are to these organizations, with $800 million for black projects-projects
so secret that even the United States Congress isn't told how the money
is being spent. http://www.earthpulse.com/haarp/vandalism.html
- "The company has outfitted such
military projects as the Doomsday Plan (the system that allows the President
to manage a nuclear war) and Operation Desert Storm."
- (Princeton Review, http://www.princetonreview.com/cte/profiles/internshipGenInfo.asp?
- With the purchase of APTI, E-Systems
acquired the strategic weather warfare technology and patent rights, including
Bernard J. Eastlund's US Patent No: 4,686,605 entitled "Method and
Apparatus for Altering a Region in the Earth's Atmosphere, Ionosphere and/or
Magnetosphere". It is worth mentioning that the Eastlund /APTI patents
were based on the research of Yugoslav scientist Nicola Tesla (many of
whose ideas were stolen by US corpo rations).
- (See Scott Gilbert, Environmental Warfare
and US Foreign Policy: The Ultimate Weapon of Mass Destruction, http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/GIL401A.html
Eastlund described this deadly technology as capable of: "causing
total disruption of communications over a very large portion of the Earth
missile or aircraft destruction, deflection or confusion weather modification
- Not surprisingly, the patent had previously
been sealed under a government secrecy order.
- Barely a year following the E-Systems
purchase of APTI's weather warfare technology, E-Systems was bought out
by Raytheon, the fourth largest US military contractor. Through this money-spinning
acquisition, Raytheon became the largest "defense electronics"
firm in the World.
- Meanwhile, ARCO which had sold APTI to
E-Systems, had itself been acquired by the BP-AMOCO oil consortium, thereby
integrating the largest oil company in the World (BP).
- Raytheon through its E-Systems subsidiary
now owns the patents used to develop the HAARP weather warfare facility
at Gakona Alaska. Raytheon is also involved in other areas of weather research
for military use, including the activities of its subsidiary in Antarctica,
Raytheon Polar Services.
- "Owning the Weather": Towards
the Expanded Final Stage
- The HAARP antenna array and transmitters
were slated to be built in several distinct phases http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/phases.html
Developmental Prototype (DP) (See http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/dp.html
Filled DP (FDP), Limited IRI (LIRI) Full size or final IRI (FIRI). See
- During the Clinton administration, the
"Filled Developmental Prototype" (FDP), namely a system composed
of an array of 48 active antenna elements with connected wireless transmitters,
was installed and completed at the HAARP facility in 1994. (See Figure
1 below) Under the initial Developmental Prototype (DP), only 18 of the
48 transmitters were connected.
- Bernard Eastlund in a 1997 interview
described this antenna array in its Filled DP stage as the "the largest
ionospheric heater ever built". This system of 48 antennas, however,
while fully operational, was not according to Eastlund, powerful enough
(in 1997) "to bring the ideas in his patents to fruition":
- . "But they're getting up there",
he said. "This is a very powerful device. Especially if they go to
the expanded stage." (quoted in Scott Gilbert, op cit, see also http://www.emagazine.com/january-february_1997/0197currhaarp.html
- This 'final expanded stage' envisioned
by Eastlund, which will provide maximum capability to manipulate the World's
weather patterns, has now been reached.
- Under the Bush administration, the main
partner of Raytheon (which owns the patents) in the construction and development
stage of the HAARP antenna array, is British Aerospace Systems (BAES),
which had been involved in the initial installation of the antenna array
in the early 1990s.
- The multimillion dollar contract was
granted by The Office of Naval Research to BAES in 2003, through its US
subsidiary BAE Systems Advanced Technologies Inc. The contract was signed
barely two months before the Anglo-American invasion of Iraq.
- Using Raytheon's technology, BAES was
to develop the HAARP Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI) to its maximum
capabilities of "Full size or final IRI (FIRI)".
- In April 2003, BAE Systems Advanced Technologies
outsourced the production and installation of the antennas to Phazar Corp
http://www.phazar.com/ a company specializing in advanced wireless antennas
for military use. (Phazar owns Antenna Products Corporation of Mineral
Wells, Texas http://www.antennaproducts.com/ Phazar was entrusted with
producing and installing 132 crossed dipole antennas items for the HAARP
A year later, in April 2004, the final phase in the expansion of the HAARP
facility was launched. (Dept of Defense, 19 April 2004). This phase consisted
in equipping all the 180 antennas with high frequency transmitters. BAE
Systems was awarded another lucrative contract, this time for $35 million.
- In July 2004, Phazar had delivered and
installed the 132 crossed dipole antennas including the antenna support
structures and ground screen items at the HAARP facility, bringing the
number of antennas from 48 under the FDP stage to 180. (see Table 2).
- Meanwhile, BAE Systems had contracted
with Jersey based defense electronics firm DRS Technologies, Inc in an
$11.5 million outsourcing arrangement, the production and installation
of the high-frequency (HF) radio transmitters for the HAARP antenna array.
and Business Wire, 15 June 2004).
- DRS specializes in a variety of leading
edge products for the U.S. military and intelligence agencies. http://www.drs.com/corporateinfo/index.cfm
- Under its contract with BAE Systems Information
and Electronic Warfare Systems in Washington, D.C., DRS is to manufacture
and install "more than 60 Model D616G 10-Kilowatt Dual Transmitters"
to be used with the HAARP system of antennas. (It is unclear from the company
statements whether all the 180 antennas will be equipped with a transmitter,
bringing the system up to full IRI capabilities).
- Deliveries and installation are to be
completed by July 2006. While HAARP is described as a "research project",
the production of the transmitters was entrusted to DRS' C41 "Command,
Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (C4I) Group"
- Air Force 2025 The Chief of Staff of
the United States Air Force, General Ronald R. Fogleman, tasked the Air
University at Maxwell AFB, AL to look 30 years into the future to identify
the concepts, capabilities and technologies the United States will require
to remain the dominant air and space force in the 21st century.
- The Air University commander led a team
of students and faculty from the Air University's Air War College and Air
Command and Staff College; scientists and technologists from the Air Force
Institute of Technology, located at Wright-Patterson AFB, OH; Air Force
Academy and AFROTC cadets from around the country; and selected academic
and business leaders in the civilian community across the nation in the
10-month effort to meet General Foglemans tasking.
- The resulting study is called Air Force
2025 or 2025 for short. The team's findings were briefed to General Fogleman
in June 1996 and to the Secretary of the Air Force, Dr. Sheila Widnall,
in July 1996. The 2025 study was subsequently published in a collection
of white papers consisting of an executive summary and 41 individual papers,
totaling more than 3,300 pages of text.
- Comment Anonymous