- Source: Cited by the French documentary, Night and Fog,
which has been shown to millions of school students worldwide.
- Source: The French War Crime Research Office, Doc. 31,
- Source: Also cited by the French War Crime Research Office.
- Source: Cited in the book Auschwitz Doctor by Miklos
Nyiszli. It has since been proven that this book is a fraud and the "doctor"
was never even at Auschwitz, even though the book is often cited by historians.
- 5,000,000 to 5,500,000
- Source: Cited in 1945 at the trial of Auschwitz commander
Rudolf Höss, based on his confession which was written in English,
a language he never spoke.
- Source: Cited on April 20, 1978 by the French daily,
Le Monde. Also cited on January 23, 1995 by the German daily Die Welt.
By September 1, 1989, Le Monde reduced the figure to 1,433,000.
- Source: In 1945 this figure was cited by another witness
at the aforementioned Höss trial.
- Source: Cited by a Soviet document of May 6, 1945 and
officially acknowledged by the Nuremberg War Crimes trial. This figure
was also reported in The New York Times on April 18, 1945, although 50
years later on January 26, 1995, The New York Times and The Washington
Post slashed the figure to 1,500,000 citing new findings by the Auschwitz
Museum officials. In fact, the figure of 4,000,000 was later repudiated
by the Auschwitz museum officials in 1990 but the figure of 1,500,000 victims
was not formally announced by Polish President Lech Walesa until five years
after the Auschwitz historians had first announced their discovery.
- Source: Cited in the 1991 edition of the Dictionary of
the French Language and by Claude Lanzmann in 1980 in his introduction
to Filip Muller's book, Three Years in an Auschwitz Gas Chamber.
- Source: Cited in a forced confession by Rudolf Höss,
the Auschwitz commander who said this was the number of those who had died
at Auschwitz prior to Dec. 1, 1943. Later cited in the June 7, 1993 issue
of Heritage, the most widely read Jewish newspaper in California, even
though three years previously the authorities at the Auschwitz museum had
scaled down the figure to a minimum of 1,100,000 and a maximum of 1,500,000.
- Source: Cited by Rudolf Vrba (an author of various fraudulent
accounts of events he claims to have witnessed at Auschwitz) when he testified
on July 16, 1981 for the Israeli government's war crimes trial of former
SS official Adolf Eichmann.
- Source: Cited by Leon Poliakov (1951) writing in Harvest
of Hate; Georges Wellers, writing in 1973 in The Yellow Star at the Time
of Vichy; and Lucy Dawidowicz, writing in 1975 in The War Against the Jews.
- 2,000,000 to 4,000,000
- Source: Cited by Yehuda Bauer in 1982 in his book, A
History of the Holocaust. However, by 1989 Bauer revised his figure to
- Source: This is a 1989 revision by Yehuda Bauer of his
earlier figure in 1982 of 2,000,000 to 4,000,000, Bauer cited this new
figure on September 22, 1989 in The Jerusalem Post, at which time he wrote
"The larger figures have been dismissed for years, except that it
hasn't reached the public yet."
- Source: In 1995 this was the number of Auschwitz deaths
announced by Polish President Lech Walesa as determined by those at the
Auschwitz museum. This number was inscribed on the monument at the Auschwitz
camp at that time, thereby "replacing" the earlier 4,000,000
figure that had been formally repudiated (and withdrawn from the monument)
five years earlier in 1990. At that time, on July 17, 1990 The Washington
Times reprinted a brief article from The London Daily Telegraph citing
the "new" figure of 1,500,000 that had been determined by the
authorities at the Auschwitz museum. This new figure was reported two years
later in a UPI report published in the New York Post on March 26, 1992.
On January 26, 1995 both The Washington Post and The New York Times cited
this 1,500,000 figure as the new "official" figure (citing the
Auschwitz Museum authorities).
- Source: This is a 1983 figure cited by Georges Wellers
who (as noted previously) had determined, writing in 1973, that some 2,000,000
- Source: This figure was cited on September 1, 1989 by
the French daily, Le Monde, which earlier, on April 20, 1978, had cited
the figure at 4,000,000.
- Source: In the book, The Destruction of the European
Jews, by Raul Hilberg (1985).
- 1,100,000 to 1,500,000
- Source: Sources for this estimate are Yisrael Gutman
and Michael Berenbaum in their 1984 book, Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death
Camp. This estimate was later also cited by Walter Reich, former director
of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, writing in The Washington Post on
September 8, 1998. The upper figure of 1,500,000 is (the new) "official"
figure as now inscribed at Auschwitz, with the earlier figure of 4,000,000
having been removed from the memorial at the site of the former concentration
- Source: Jean-Claude Pressac, writing in his 1989 book
Auschwitz: Technique and Operation of the Gas Chambers. This is interesting
since he wrote his book to repudiate so-called "Holocaust deniers"
who were called that precisely because they had questioned the numbers
of those who had died at Auschwitz.
- Source: Reported on August 3, 1990 11, by Aufbau, a Jewish
newspaper in New York.
- 800,000 to 900,000
- Source: Reported by Gerald Reitlinger in his book, The
- 775,000 to 800,000
- Source: Jean-Claude Pressac's revised figure, put forth
in his 1993 book, The Crematoria of Auschwitz: The Mass Murder's Machinery,
scaling down his earlier claim of 1,000,000 dead.
- 630,000 to 710,000
- Source: In 1994 Pressac scaled his figure down somewhat
further; this is the figure cited in the German language translation of
Pressac's 1993 book originally published in French. Again, this is substantially
less than Pressac's 1989 figure of 1,000,000.
- 135,000 to 140,000
- Source: This is an estimate based on documents held by
the International Tracing Service of the Red Cross. It is known that International
Tracing Service has a complete set of registration documents. This is thought
to include a complete set of roll-call data which includes twice daily
tallies of those who died. Although the International Tracing Service of
the Red Cross has such records, they have never officially published an
accurate count of those who died, or even an accurate report as to exactly
which documents they hold. However, totals from these records have been
obtained by various interested parties.
- The estimate of 135,000 is roughly corroborated by the
"Auschwitz death books." The death books themselves are wartime
German camp records, which were captured by the Soviets towards the end
of the war, and hidden in Soviet achieves, until released to the Red Cross
- The death books consist of 46 volumes which document
each death at Auschwitz (each death certificate consists of the deceased
person's full name, profession and religion, date and place of birth, pre-Auschwitz
residence, parents' names, time of death, and cause of death as determined
by a camp physician). The records for the most important years, 1942 and
1943, are almost complete (there are also a few volumes for the year 1941,
but none for the year 1944 or January 1945 (when Auschwitz was evacuated)).
- The Auschwitz death books contain the death certificates
of some 69,000 individuals, of whom about 30,000 were listed as Jews. You
may view various eThe above mentioned, ever declining numbers of alleged
dead at Auschwitz, are graphically illustrated by the following pictures
of plaques from the camp.
- The first is the plaque that was on display at the Auschwitz
camp from 1948 until 1989 (note the "4 million" victims).
- The second is the plaque currently on display at Auschwitz.
- Note the dramatically reduced number of victims, now
only 1.5 million.
- A casual reduction in the number of deaths by some 2.5
- Deaths at Auschwitz drop by a whopping 2.5 million, but
6,000,000 dead Jewish prisoners, remains the same.