'Red' Rosa Parks:
Fabricating An
American Icon

By Henry Makow PhD
Rosa Parks was not a simple seamstress whose lonely act of defiance in 1955 sparked the Civil Rights Movement. In fact, she was a trained Communist Party (CPUSA) activist.
Her refusal to move to the back of the bus wasn't a spontaneous gesture, but a provocation organized by her longtime employer, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
Last week Rosa Parks' body lay in state under the Capitol Rotunda; an honor accorded only 29 times in US history, to people like Abraham Lincoln, John Kennedy, and most recently Ronald Reagan.
This treatment illustrates how the American political leaders and mass media public routinely deceive and betray the public. The New York Times obituary said her arrest "turned a very private woman into a reluctant symbol and torch bearer." President Clinton said her action "ignited the most significant social movement in American history."
While I support the ostensible aims of the Civil Rights movement, I have to ask, given its Communist sponsorship, "What is the hidden agenda?" I'll elaborate later.
To understand why the US elite would honor a Communist, we need to make a paradigm shift.
A clique of London-based private bankers controls most of the world's credit and wealth and wants to consolidate this power in permanent world institutions of political, social and spiritual control.
It created and funded Communism as an instrument to advance this goal, which involves dissolving all "collective forces" that might oppose it, including nation-state, race, religion and family.
Thus "Communism" far from being a relic of the Cold War era is in different forms still part of our lives, eroding the above institutions.
The "Cold War" continues as the "War on Terror" -- essentially another fraud calculated to control the masses and further concentrate wealth and power in the hands of the super rich.
The portrayal of Rosa Parks as an ordinary citizen triggered my alarm bell. Betty Friedan, the "founder" of feminism and longtime Communist activist was also depicted as an average mother and housewife. Thanks to a well informed Internet forum, Daily, I quickly discovered Rosa Parks began serving as secretary for the NAACP in 1943 and still held that position when she was arrested.
In July 1955, five months before the famous incident in December, she attended "Highlander Folk School" in Monteagle Tennessee. Myles Horton and James Dombroski, both Communist Party members, started this school in 1932 to train Communist activists. Betty Friedan was another alumnus.
Rosa Parks and many others had defied the bus segregation laws on several occasions since the 1940's. The Montgomery bus boycott was planned in advance. Martin Luther King was brought in to lead it. Rosa Parks was chosen to kick it off. (See Aldon Morris, "The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement")
A member of Daily who works for the CPUSA newspaper said a CPUSA executive member told him that Rosa Parks was a member of the party. (This is something Communists don't advertise.)
The testimony of numerous defectors leaves no doubt the US Communist Party was directed and funded from Moscow. Despite what idealistic dupes like Parks and Friedan thought, its goal was to subjugate the American people.
The Women's Liberation Movement was patterned on the Civil Rights Movement. They are off-the-shelf Communist psychosocial operations. To be effective, they must appear to reflect a popular groundswell rather than an elite agenda imposed from above.
While these movements rectified genuine injustices, their hidden purpose is to destabilize American society by exploiting potential internal divisions.
Banker Jacob Schiff, the Rothschild's agent in the US, and later the funder of Bolshevism, started the NAACP in 1909.
In his book, "My Awakening" David Duke paints a picture of the NAACP that suggests a typical Banker-Communist front. (pp.282-284) Although founded in 1909, it didn't have a Black President until the 1970's. Until then, its President and Board were mainly drawn from the ranks of Communist Jews.
Martin Luther King may have been a typical front man. Privately he declared himself a Marxist. He also attended the Highlander School and his personal secretaries Bayard Rustin and Jack O'Dell were Communists. Stanley Levinson, his handler, who wrote his speeches and managed his fundraising, was also a Communist.
Apparently King's integrity has also been called into question. King plagiarized large sections of his Doctoral Thesis. He also had liaisons with white prostitutes, which were taped by the FBI and confirmed by his successor Ralph Abernathy. ("And the Walls Came Tumbling Down," 1989)
I find racial prejudice, discrimination and segregation repugnant. Mankind is a family of races, each gifted and bringing something unique to the potluck.
At the same time, a balance must be found. Racial and national groups have a right to protect their racial character and ensure their survival. I find it odd that countries like Israel, China and Japan can do this without criticism but countries in Europe and North America cannot. Blacks, Jews and Hispanics can do this but Whites cannot. I also believe discrimination in favor of a "minority" is as bad as discrimination against.
I am a Canadian and am not an expert on the Civil Rights movement. However, if the CPUSA was involved, there was a hidden agenda.
It appears to be spelled out in a document entitled "A Racial Program for the 20th Century" (1912)by an Israel Cohen quoted by Congressman Abernathy, and entered into the Congressional Record (1957), p. 8559. If authentic, it is pretty damning:
"We must realize that our party's most powerful weapon is racial tension. By propounding into the consciousness of the dark races that for centuries they have been oppressed by the whites, we can move them to the program of the communist party. In America we will aim for subtle victory. While inflaming the Negro minority against whites, we will instill in the whites a guilt complex for their exploitation of the Negroes. We will aid the Negroes to rise to prominence in every walk of life, in the professions, and in the world of sports and entertainment. With this prestige, the Negro will be able to intermarry with the whites and begin a process which will deliver America to our cause."
The central bankers are involved in a massive fraud: printing our money for the price of the paper, loaning it to us and then demanding repayment with interest. The only way they can perpetuate this fraud is to keep us distracted. That involves creating enemies for us.
Look at France with its minority of five million Muslims. Currently Muslim youth are rioting. French Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy said Thursday that the riots were "not spontaneous" but rather "well organized." Do I need to elaborate? The central bankers can use racial minorities as a weapon.
A final suggestion is that, given the heavily Jewish character of the Communist Party, the Civil Rights Movement may have been designed to tear down White racial defenses so that sympathetic Jews might advance.
The sanctification of the Communist Rosa Parks proves again that the American political and cultural elite is irredeemingably corrupt.
Social change doesn't take place in the USA unless the central bankers and their media assets sponsor it. Their long-term plan for world dictatorship is disguised as spontaneous grassroots revolt.
Increasingly the mass media, government and education reveal their true colors, and discredit themselves in the eyes of the public.
Response from a Black Reader:
Before the civil rights movement there were many economically viable black communities. Segregation forced black people especially black man to take care of business. The civil rights movement destroyed that.
Harry Belafonte said Martin Luther King was killed after he realized that he was a pawn, that he was duped. Martin Luther King saw that de-segregation would impoverish the black community. Now there is no black community, we have no real leadership and we have no collective economic power. Put together we have a lot of money but we are the targets of corporations, this is what the civil rights movement has brought us. And the Nation of Islam was started by the Jesuits to foment race war.
Henry Makow Ph.D. is the inventor of the game Scruples and author of "A Long Way to go for a Date." His articles exposing fe-manism and the New World Order can be found at his web site He enjoys receiving comments, some of which he posts on his site using first names only.
Alton Raines
I tell ya, I don't give a kooters damn if Rosa was a "communist" plant or part of some "communist" plot -- if I was black and living in the South in the 50s I'd probably have been very attracted to the communist party and movement, which promised equality, while I lived in a world where being treated like walking horse manure was a minute-by-minute reality in the 'white Christian capitalist' Amerika.
Rosa never followed up her moment with a lot of BS, either. It was what it was. It changed what needed to be changed, and God bless'er for it. They tyranny of the white establishment was then a ferocious, fanged dog that tore plenty of flesh, wounded many souls and shattered uncountable spirits. If it takes communists and communism to force us to live up to our own credos of liberty and justice when we hypocritically trample human beings under the boot of mindless domination, then so be it. Hail, communism! Hail, Rosa Parks! This screwed up country can use a little more "outside comm'nist ad'juh'taters" busting things up here and there. If our democracy is worth a tinkers damn, it will survive it, embrace its painful changes and celebrate it in true humility and reverence for enlightenment, no matter what the devious motives behind it may have been or who was involved. If the end result is liberty, it cannot be a bad thing.

I'm also sick of the term communist being tossed around like the linguistic equivalent of Satanism. It's flat-headed non-thinking ignorance and has no basis in reality.
Marx had a lot to offer civilization; some good things, some bad things. Few have ever strictly implemented his ideals. Ultimately, when one examines the United States, we have done more to advance the very dialectics of Marx perhaps more than any other nation on earth -- we ARE the great experiment. It's not over and there's plenty of strange concoctions we can come up with until we get it right. Right being equal justice under law for all citizens, something we have never achieved.
We'll never have a perfect society or nation or government, but we can always, always work for a better one. If that means embracing socialism where need be, then so be it. If that means cutting some fat cats and old money trilateralists out of the picture and seriously impacting the economy, so be it. If that means certain flatheads who can't think beyond their patriarchal construct like Makow or Bill O'Reilly need to be ignored, because they are at heart woefully immature little boys whose conceptual pee-pees are threatened by big bad scary vaginas, so be it!
We can weather any storm, with the right education, resolve and determination to see it through to the end, IF progressive thinking is our dedication. Of that I am convinced about Americans. That's why millions of people do everything they can from selling organs to strapping themselves to inner-tube flotillas and braving the desert death heat to try to get in here and be a part of this society and benefit from its resources. Those are the kind of "Americans" we want. We need to get a handle on illegal immigration, absolutely, and stop mucking around with idiot social engineering programs and work to assimilate these people properly, taking stock in the stock that is making and changing, like it or not, the shape of America forever. Either that or shut the damned thing down, give up and turn it over without a fight to the Bilderbergers and the Dow Chemical criminals and GM food bastards and hopelessly dark souls like Cheney on the right and Kennedy on the left. They are both so psycho-extreme they meet on the circle of madness and are entirely indistinguishable!
But let's NOT get sidetracked with this stupid "red menace" commie-fear bullshit all over again. Meet the new boss... same as the old boss. It's gotta stop. Rejecting this level of Makow-vision and Makow-think is vital to that process.
From Patrick
This is definitely not authentic, since there was no Communist Party in 1912. The parties which took the name of "Communist" were all formed after 1917. In 1912 there was a Socialist Party, the Industrial Workers of the World, and the League for Industrial Democracy. No authentic document written in that time would have used the phrase "Communist Party." As an added point to note, in 1958 the Library of Congress attempted to locate a book with the title "A Racial Program for the 20th Century." They came up with zilch. An attempt to locate an "Israel Cohen" found one person of this name who maintained that he knew nothing of the document "A Racial Program for the 20th Century." Also, the phrase "guilt complex" wasn't heard in 1912. As a psychiatric term it was invented much later.
It appears to be spelled out in a document entitled "A Racial Program for the 20th Century" (1912)by an Israel Cohen quoted by Congressman Abernathy, and entered into the Congressional Record (1957), p. 8559. If authentic, it is pretty damning: "We must realize that our party's most powerful weapon is racial tension. By propounding into the consciousness of the dark races that for centuries they have been oppressed by the whites, we can move them to the program of the communist party. In America we will aim for subtle victory. While inflaming the Negro minority against whites, we will instill in the whites a guilt complex for their exploitation of the Negroes. We will aid the Negroes to rise to prominence in every walk of life, in the professions, and in the world of sports and entertainment. With this prestige, the Negro will be able to intermarry with the whites and begin a process which will deliver America to our cause." -----
From Patricia L Hammock
Now I know for sure this guy Makow is off his rocker. While many of his previous articles had some logical threads to them, this one is just plain nonsense. Why Rense.Com would even continue to post his articles after this does'nt make any sense. If anything he is the communist/ elitest decoy, trying to throw suspicion in places that are just silly.
And no I am not a black person. But his remarks about this fine woman are just so out of line I doubt I will ever even entertain another thought he spews out of his mouth as being anything close to the truth.
Patricia L Hammock
Patricia - we will continue to publish Makow for this very reason -- that you and others might be moved to express yourselves, positively or negatively. These stand as an existing record of dissent to a particular mindset and, for people doing research, represents excellent pro and con material to draw from. Thank you for your comments. - ed
From Glenn McCarthy
Dr. Makow:
I run a media project based in Portland Oregon that addresses what I see as devise and paranoid rhetoric and I hope that you will give serious consideration to this response.
My content is by no mean as "sexy" as most of the articles published on but I still appreciate your perspective, and the open mindedness of Jeff Rense, as articles like yours articulate the social pathogen that desperately needs addressing if we are to make America's experiment in democracy a successful one.
First, I would like to point out an area of this topic in which we are in agreement. Our problems in America are systemic and can only be resolved by a constructivist, or constitutional, approach. We are under attack by an international banking cabal which has been instrumental in creating the disparate far left-far right dichotomy. I also agree with your claim that the women's and civil rights movements are a sham. As opposed to offering real solutions that address systemic oppression, ironically, they beg for the inclusion of their members into the system of oppression. This does not mean that the reasons for these movements have no validity, only that they have been co-opted by those who exploit "wedge issues" and profit from their continuance i.e. Congress.
That said, the evidence you have given that Rosa Parks was a communist is ad hoc, anecdotal, and is nothing less than the drudging-up of McCarthyism. Any accusations or evidence coming from this sad epoch in our history is highly spurious. Don't shoot the messenger.
I would also like to point out that this world has not known communism, merely one fascist of it, i.e. collectivism, which has been controlled by tyrannical dictatorships of the afore mentioned cabal and is also a core element of fascism. Remember that communism, as delineated by Marx, is a natural progression (dialectic), a change of consciousness or organic remedy to the derivation of what we call "history." In the end, there is no state, as with fascism, to control the people as the people have gained control of themselves, their appetite for consumption and materialism. This may be a pipe dream but it sure as hell is not the civil rights movement.
Put in a way that most Christians can understand, imagine Jesus coming to earth at the end of time (time=time regime= history) and bringing an end to the areas of civilization that cause pain, suffering, and even death and then instead of throwing our money in the streets as is prophesied, people demand of our Lord that its only fair they keep their 25% return on Asian labor market investments, that they want an endless supply of petrol for their Lexus SUV, and according to the morality of free markets, Monsanto has every right to patent His creation and continue poisoning a certain percentage of the earth and its population.
It wouldn't happen because the apocalypse and Armageddon are not the same thing. Armageddon is a war but the Apocalypse is an awakening to a different consciousness that will allow for peace. This is the same thing that Marx was arguing; in fact, I think he plagiarized the Bible to some extent. You cannot impose Communism (or Christianity, or democracy, or freedom) which becomes crystal clear with even a cursory reading of Marx.
Why fear what humanity may consent to become? I suggest that this question goes to the heart of the pathological conservative creed that created McCarthyism, the "Reds" and "terrorism." Life is liberal by nature and if we Americans continue to hold a paranoid fear-based world view, such as the one in your article, we are doomed to repeat history.
Glenn McCarthy



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