- Rudolf Höss was the first of three successive commandants
of the Auschwitz concentration camp. He is often called "the Commandant
of Auschwitz," and the general public knows of him from a book published
under the title Commandant in Auschwitz.
- He appeared before the International Military Tribunal
as a witness on 15 April 1946, where his deposition caused a sensation.
To the amazement of the defendants and in the presence of journalists from
around the world, he confessed to the most frightful crimes that history
had ever known. He said that he had personally received an order from Himmler
to exterminate the Jews. He estimated that at Auschwitz 3,000,000 people
had been exterminated, 2,500,000 of them by means of gas chambers. His
confessions were false. They had been extorted from Höss by torture,
but it took until 1983 to learn the identity of the torturers and the nature
of the tortures they inflicted upon him.
- The confessions of Rudolf Höss supply the keystone
to the theory which maintains that systematic extermination of the Jews,
especially by means of homicidal gas chambers, was a historical reality.
- These confessions consist essentially of four documents
which, in chronological order, are the following:
- etc etc etc
- The war ended in Germany on 8 May 1945. Höss fell
into the hands of the British, who imprisoned him in a camp for SS men.
As a trained agronomist, he obtained an early release. His guards were
unaware of the importance of their prey. A work office found him employment
as an agricultural work at a farm near Flensburg, not far from the Danish
border. He remained there for eight months. The military police looked
for him. His family, with whom he succeeded in making contact, was closely
watched and subjected to frequent searches.
- Revelations in 1983 About the British Torturers of Rudolf
- The Revisionists proved a long time ago that the various
confessions of Rudolf Höss contained so many gross errors, nonsensical
elements, and impossibilities of all kinds, that it is no longer possible
to believe them, as did the judges at Nuremberg and Cracow, as well as
certain self styled historians, without any prior analysis of their content
and of the circumstances in which they were obtained.
- In all likelihood, Höss was tortured by the British
soldiers of the 92nd Field Security Section, but a confirmation of that
hypothesis was necessary. Confirmation has come with the publication in
England of a book containing the name of the principal torturer (a British
sergeant of Jewish origin) and a description of the circumstances of Höss'
arrest, as well as his third-degree interrogation.
- The book is by Rupert Butler. It was published in 1983
(Hamlyn Paperbacks). Butler is the author of three other works: The Black
Angels, Hand of Steel and Gestapo, all published by Hamlyn. The book that
interests us is entitled Legions of Death. Its inspiration is anti-Nazi.
Butler says that he researched this book at the Imperial War Museum in
London, the Institute for Contemporary History and Wiener Library, and
other such prestigious institutions. At the beginning of his book, he expresses
his gratitude to these institutions and, among others, to two persons,
one of whom is Bernard Clarke ("who captured Auschwitz Commandant
Rudolf Höss"). The author quotes several fragments of what are
either written or recorded statements by Clarke.
- Bernard Clarke shows no remorse. On the contrary, he
exhibits a certain pride in having tortured a "Nazi." Rupert
Butler, likewise, finds nothing to criticize in that. Neither of them understands
the importance of their revelations. They say that Höss was arrested
on 11 March, 1946, and that it took three days of torture to obtain "a
coherent statement." They do not realize that the alleged "coherent
statement" is nothing other than the lunatic confession, signed by
their quivering victim on the l4th or l5th of March 1946, at 2:30 in the
morning, which was to seal Höss' fate definitely, a confession which
would also give definitive shape to the myth. The confession would also
shape decisively the myth of Auschwitz, the supposed high-point of the
extermination of the Jews, above all due to the alleged use of homicidal
- On 11 March 1946, a Captain Cross, Bernard Clarke and
four other intelligence specialists in British uniforms, most of them tall
and menacing, entered the home of Frau Höss and her children.
- The six men, we are told, were all "practised in
the more sophisticated techniques of sustained and merciless investigation"
(p. 235). Clarke began to shout:
- If you don't tell us [where your husband is] we'll turn
you over to the Russians and they'll put you before a firing-squad. Your
son will go to Siberia.Frau Höss broke down and revealed, says Clarke,
the location of the farm where her husband was in hiding, as well as his
assumed name: Franz Lang. And Bernard Clarke added:
- Suitable intimidation of the son and daughter produced
precisely identical information.The Jewish sergeant and the five other
specialists in third degree interrogation then left to seek out Höss,
whom they surprised in the middle of the night, sleeping in an alcove of
the room used to slaughter cattle on the farm.
- Höss screamed in terror at the mere sight of British
uniforms.Clarke yelled "What is your name?"With each answer of
"Franz Lang," Clarke's hand crashed into the face of his prisoner.
The fourth time that happened, Höss broke and admitted who he was.The
admission suddenly unleashed the loathing of the Jewish sergeants in the
arresting party whose parents had died in Auschwitz following an order
signed by Höss.The prisoner was torn from the top bunk, the pyjamas
ripped from his body. He was then dragged naked to one of the slaughter
tables, where it seemed to Clarke the blows and screams were endless.Eventually,
the Medical Officer urged the Captain: "Call them off, unless you
want to take back a corpse."A blanket was thrown over Höss and
he was dragged to Clarke's car, where the sergeant poured a substantial
slug of whisky down his throat. Then Höss tried to sleep.Clarke thrust
his service stick under the man's eyelids and ordered in German: "Keep
your pig eyes open, you swine."For the first time Höss trotted
out his oft-repeated justification: "I took my orders from Himmler.
I am a soldier in the same way as you are a soldier and we had to obey
orders."The party arrived back at Heide around three in the morning.
The snow was swirling still, but the blanket was torn from Höss and
he was made to walk completely nude through the prison yard to his cell.
(p. 237)So it is that Bernard reveals "It took three days to get a
coherent statement out of [Höss]" (ibid.). This admission was
corroborated by Mr. Ken Jones in an article in the Wrexham Leader. (October
- Mr. Ken Jones was then a private with the fifth Royal
Horse Artillery stationed at Heid[e) in Schleswig-Holstein. "They
brought him to us when he refused to cooperate over questioning about his
activities during the war. He came in the winter of 1945/6 and was put
in a small jail cell in the barracks," recalls Mr. Jones. Two other
soldiers were detailed with Mr. Jones to join Höss in his cell to
help break him down for interrogation. "We sat in the cell with him,
night and day, armed with axe handles. Our job was to prod him every time
he fell asleep to help break down his resistance," said Mr. Jones.
When Höss was taken out for exercise he was made to wear only jeans
and a thin cotton shirt in the bitter cold. After three days and nights
without sleep, Höss finally broke down and made a full confession
to the authorities.Clarke's statement, obtained under the conditions just
described by bullies of British Military Security under the brutal inspiration
of sergeant-interpreter Bernard Clarke, became Höss's first confession,
the original confession indexed under the number NO-1210. Once the tortured
prisoner had begun to talk, according to Clarke, it was impossible to stop
him. Clarke, no more conscious in 1982 or 1983 than in 1946 of the enormity
of what he forced Höss to confess, goes on to describe a series of
fictitious horrors presented here as the truth: Höss went on to tell
how after the bodies had been ignited, the fat oozing from them was poured
over the other bodies (!). He estimated the number of dead during just
the period when he was at Auschwitz at two million (!); the killings reached
10,000 victims per day (!).
- It was Clarke's duty to censor the letters sent by Höss
to his wife and children. Every policeman knows that the power to grant
or withhold permission to a prisoner to write to his family constitutes
a psychological weapon. To make a prisoner "sing" it is sometimes
sufficient to merely suspend or cancel that authorization. Clarke makes
an interesting remark about the content of Höss's letters; he confides
- Sometimes a lump came to my throat. There were two different
men in that one man. One was brutal with no regard for human life. The
other was soft and affectionate. (p. 238)Rupert Butler ends his narrative
by saying that Höss sought neither to deny nor to escape his responsibilities.
In effect, at the Nuremberg tribunal Höss conducted himself with a
"schizoid apathy." The expression is that of the American prison
psychologist, G.M. Gilbert, who was in charge of the psychological surveillance
of the prisoners and whose eavesdropping aided the American prosecution.
We can certainly believe that Höss was "split in two"! He
had the appearance of a rag because they had turned him into a rag.
- "Apathetic", writes Gilbert on page 229 of
his book; "apathetic, he repeats on the following page; "schizoid
apathy," he writes on page 239 (Nuremberg Diary, 1947, Signet Book,
- At the end of his trial at Cracow; Höss greeted
his death sentence with apparent indifference, Rupert Butler comments as
- [Höss] reasoned that Allies had their orders and,
that there could be absolutely no question of these not being carried out.
(ibid.)One could not say it any better. It seems that Rudolf Höss,
like thousands of accused Germans turned over to the mercy of conquerors
who were totally convinced of their own goodness, had quickly grasped that
he had no other choice but to suffer the will of his judges, whether they
came from the West or from the East.
- Butler then quickly evokes the case of Hans Frank, the
former Governor of Poland. With the same tone of moral satisfaction he
recounts the circumstances of Frank's capture and subsequent treatment:
- Celebrity status of any kind singularly failed to impress
the two coloured GIs who arrested him and made sure he was transported
to the municipal prison in Miesbach only after he had been savagely beaten
up and flung into a lorry.A tarpaulin had been thrown over him to hide
the more obvious signs of ill-treatment; Frank found the cover useful when
he attempted to slash an artery in his left arm.Clearly, no such easy way
out could be permitted; a US army medical officer saved his life and he
stood trial at the International Military Tribunial at Nuremberg. (p. 238-239)Rudolf
Höss and Hans Frank were not the only ones to undergo treatment of
that kind. Among the most celebrated cases, we know of Julius Streicher,
Hans Fritzsche, Oswald Pohl, Franz Ziereis, and Josef Kramer.
- But the case of Rudolf Höss is by far the most serious
in its consequences. There is no document that proves that the Germans
had a policy of exterminating the Jews. Léon Poliakov agreed with
this in 1951:
- As regards the conception properly called of the plan
for a total extermination, the three or four principal actors committed
suicide in May of 1945. No document has survived or perhaps has ever existed.(Bréviaire
de la haine: Le IIIe Reich et les Juifs, Calmann-Levy, 1951, Livre de Poche,
1974, p.171 )In the absence of any document, historians à la Poliakov
have repeatedly returned, primarily, to doubtful confessions like those
of Kurt Gerstein or Rudolf Höss, sometimes modifying the texts to
suit their convenience.
- Bernard Clarke is "today a successful businessman
working in the south of England" (Legions of Death, 1983, p. 235).
One can in fact say that it is his voice that was heard at Nuremberg on
15 April 1946, when Assistant Prosecutor Amen read, piece by piece, to
an astonished and overwhelmed audience, the supposed confession of Rudolf
Höss. On that day was launched a lie of world-wide dimensions: the
lie of Auschwitz. At the origins of that prodigious media event: several
Jewish sergeants of British Military Security, including Bernard Clarke,
"today a successful businessman working in the south of England."
- The Testimony of Moritz von Schirmeister
- During the war, Moritz von Schirmeister had been the
personal press attaché of Joseph Goebbels. On 29 June 1946, he was
interrogated before the IMT as a defense witness for Hans Fritzsche. His
deposition was particularly interesting regarding the actual personality
of Dr. Goebbels and the attitude of the official German news services toward
the flood of atrocity stories about the concentration camps spread during
the war by the Allies.
- At the end of the war, Moritz von Schirmeister had been
arrested by the British and interned in a camp in England, where he was
given the task of politically "re-educating" his fellow prisoners.
Before testifying at Nuremberg, he was transferred by plane from London
to Germany. At first he was kept at Minden-on-the-Weser, which was the
principal interrogation center for the British Military Police. From there
he was taken by car (31 March -- 1 April 1946) to the prison at Nuremberg.
In the same car rode Rudolf Höss. Moritz von Schirmeister is precisely
that "prisoner of war who had been brought over from London as a witness
in Fritzsche's defense about whom Höss speaks in his "memoirs"
(see above, p. 393).
- Thanks to a document that I obtained from American researcher
Mark Weber, who gave me a copy of it in Washington in September of 1983
(a document whose exact source I not yet authorized to indicate), we know
that they were able to talk freely in the car that took them to Nuremberg.
In that document, slightly more than two pages long, Schirmeister reports,
as regarding the charges hanging over Höss, that Höss confided
- Gewiss, ich habe unterschrieben, dass ich 2 Millionen
Juden umgebracht habe. Aber ich hätte genausogut untershrieben, dass
es 5 Millionen Juden gewesen sind. Es gibt eben Methoden, mit denen man
jedes Geständnis erreichen kann -- ob es nun wahr ist oder nicht."Certainly,
I signed a statement that I killed two and a half million Jews. But I could
just as well have said that it was five million Jews. There are certain
methods by which any confession can be obtained, whether it is true or
- Another Confession Signed by Rudolf Höss
- The British torturers of Rudolf Höss had no reason
to exercise any restraint. After making him sign document NO-1210 at 2:30
in the morning of the l4th or l5th of March 1946, they obtained a new signature
from him on March 16, this time at the bottom of a text in English, written
in an English handwriting style, with a blank in the space where the name
of the place ought to have been given. His guards made him sign a simple
note written in English:
- Statement made voluntarily at ______ Gaol by Rudolf Höss,
former Commandant of Auschwitz Concentration Camp on l6th day of March
1946.I personally arranged on orders received from Himmler in May 1941
the gassing of two million persons between June/July 1941 and the end of
1943 during which time I was commandant of Auschwitz.signed.
- Rudolf Höss,
- Eh. (?) Kdt. v. Auschwitz-Birkenau(even the word "signed"
was written in an English hand).The Auschwitz Myth
- We have known for some time that the Auschwitz myth is
of an exclusively Jewish origin. Arthur R. Butz has related the facts in
his book, The Hoax of the Twentieth Century, as has Wilhelm Stäglich
in The Auschwitz Myth. The principal authors of the creation and the peddling
of the "rumor of Auschwitz" have been, successively, two Slovaks,
Alfred Wetzler (or Weczler) and Rudolf Vrba (or Rosenberg or Rosenthal);
then a Hungarian, Rabbi Michael Dov Ber Weissmandel (or Weissmandl); then,
in Switzerland, representatives of the World Jewish Congress like Gerhard
Riegner, who were in touch with London and Washington; and finally Americans
like Harry Dexter White, Henry Morgenthau Jr. and Rabbi Stephen Samuel
Wise. Thus was born the famous World Refugee Board Report on Auschwitz
and Birkenau, published in Washington in November 1944. Copies of this
report were included in the files of the judges advocate general in charge
of prosecuting the Germans involved in the Auschwitz camp. It constituted
the official version of the story of the alleged gassing of the Jews in
that camp. Most probably it was used as a reference work by the inquirers-interrogators-torturers
of "the Commandant of Auschwitz." All the names here mentioned
are those of Jews.
- Moreover we now see that Bernard Clarke, the first British
torturer, was a Jew, The second British torturer, Major Draper (?), may
also have been a Jew. The same for the two Americans: psychologist G.M.
(Gustave Mahler) Gilbert and Colonel Harlan Amen. Finally, in Poland, Höss
was faced with Polish Jews who treated him more or less the same way. When
he wrote his "memoirs" it was under the supervision of instructing
magistrate Jan Sehn, who was also probably a Jew.
- Establishment historians dispute that Höss had been
tortured and had confessed under duress. Since the publication of Rupert
Butler's book in 1983, however, it is no longer possible for them to contest
that. The Revisionists were right.
- Since 1985 it is even less possible. In January-March
1985, the trial of Ernst Zündel, who was accused by a Jewish association
and by the Crown of spreading Revisionist literature, took place in Toronto
(Canada). Rudolf Vrba testified as a Crown witness. (He lives now in British
Columbia). Affirmative and self assured as long as he answered the questions
of the Crown, he suffered a spectacular rout when cross-examined by Ernst
Zündel's lawyer, Doug Christie. For the first time since 1945 a Jewish
witness to the alleged gassings in Auschwitz was asked to explain his affirmations
and his figures. The result was so terrible for R. Vrba that finally the
Crown itself gave a kind of coup de grace to its key witness. That unexpected
event and some others (like the leading specialist of the Holocaust, Raul
Hilberg, being caught red-handed in his lies) really made of the "Toronto
Trial" the "Trial of the Nuremberg Trial."
- The unintentional revelations of Rupert Butler in 1983
and unexpected revelations of the "Toronto Trial" in 1985 succeeded
at last in showing entirely and clearly how the Auschwitz myth was fabricated
from 1944 to 1947, to be exact from April 1944, when Rudolf Vrba and Alfred
Wetzler are supposed to have escaped from Auschwitz to tell their story
to the world up until April 1947, when Rudolf Höss was hanged after
having supposedly told the same world his own story about Auschwitz.
- It is remarkable that from beginning to end that story
comes from essentially or perhaps even exclusively Jewish sources. Two
Jewish liars (Vrba and Wetzler) from Slovakia convinced or seemed to have
convinced other Jews from Hungary, Switzerland, United States, Great Britain,
and Poland. This is not a conspiracy or a plot; it is the story of the
birth of a religious belief: the myth of Auschwitz, center of the religion
of the Holocaust.
- The Journal for Historical Review
- Winter 1986 Volume 7 page 389