- Speculations are rampant, but it seems that no one can
say for sure what mysterious force or event recently cleaned the solar
panels of the Mars rover Opportunity.
- The rovers Spirit and Opportunity landed on Mars in January
2004. When their missions began, their solar cells were providing 900 watt-hours
of electricity per day. But over the months that followed Spirit's output
dropped to 400 watt-hours daily, while Opportunity dropped to about 500
watt-hours. One reason for the drop was the accumulation of dust on the
- But then, in one of the great surprises of the rover
missions, Opportunity's power began to increase, and kept on increasing
until the power peaked at just over 900 watt-hours!
- As reported by Newscientist.com, the Mars rover Opportunity
"stumbled into something akin to a carwash," which somehow "cleaned"
its solar panels. Jim Erickson of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory admitted
that the cause of this surprise "cleaning" could not be explained.
"These exciting and unexplained cleaning events have kept Opportunity
in really great shape," Erickson said.
- The remarkable cleaning occurred in spurts during the
Martian night. The team managing the rover reports that on at least four
occasions over a six-month period, the rover's power output suddenly increased
by up to 5% in a single night. Some suggested that the Martian winds might
have swept the dust off the panels. Others wondered if frost could have
caused the dust to clump, exposing more of the panels. And some even suggested
that the tilting of the rover while climbing hills might have caused a
portion of the dust to drop off.
- Such guesses are unnecessary, say advocates of the Electric
Universe. Winds alone do not clean dust from smooth surfaces, even on Earth,
where the atmospheric density is one hundred times that of Mars. Tilting
a dusty surface does not clean it either!
- Opportunity landed in Meridiani Planum. Dust storms frequently
engulf the region and five-mile-high "dust devils" range through
it, leaving mysteriously darkenend trails behind them. See:
- "Electric Dust Devils on Mars" http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/050321electridevils.htm
- "When Dust Devils Engulf Mars" http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/050324dustmars.htm
- The discovery that dust devils on Earth have strong electric
fields suggests that dust devils on Mars, ten times larger than their terrestrial
counterparts, have the power to "burn" the dust in their tracks.
After years of being scorched and drifting about, it's no surprise that
the surface dust of Meridiani Planum is black.
- That dust also is likely charged with static electricity.
Just as static electricity can stick dust to an object, it can remove dust.
"Electrostatic cleaning" is a common and effective industrial
application. All that's needed is to change the voltage.
- In the electric field above Meridiani Planum, voltage
will vary with altitude, and electrical theorists have suggested that the
electrical discharge activity evident in Martian storms will preferentially
effect high points, including the rims of craters. So it's not surprising
to find that electrostatic removal of material is evident on the RIMS of
craters, giving them a "glowing" appearance due to the lighter
material exposed beneath the blackened surface dust. Link:
- "Luminous Crater Rims" http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/050530luminousrims.htm
- It seems that the rover team missed the best clues. They
found that the most marked cleaning episodes occurred when the rover was
climbing the rim of Endurance crater, but they missed the connection to
electrostatic cleaning effects--despite the fact that many of their own
scientists are already aware of the strong electric fields in dust devils.
Such oversights as these have created much humor among advocates of the
Electric Universe. They will tell you that the conventional blindness to
electricity in nature has scientists groping for explanations with their
backs turned to the facts.