- In a section of the report, "Future Weapons Using
High Power Microwaves" are discussed at length. This section describes
microwave frequencies developed for use in weapons against machines and
people. One of the uses described is an Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) weapon
which gives an operator the same ability to wipe out electronic circuits
as a nuclear blast would provide. The main difference is that this new
technology is controllable, and can be used without violating nuclear weapons
treaties. This section of the report then described energy levels needed
for the following to occur:
- * "Overheats, damages animal tissue".
- * "Possibly affects nervous system".
- * "Threshold for microwave hearing".
- * "Causes byte errors in unshielded computers".
- * "Burns out unprotected receiver diodes in antennas".
- The effects are based on radio frequency radiation. The
report confirmed that non-thermal effects were being researched. These
non-thermal effects included damage to human health when the effects occurred
"within so-called modulation frequency windows (Hertz is one such
window) or power density windows". The way these weapons work was
clearly described when the report noted their effect on machines: "A
HPM (High Power Microwave) weapon employs a high power, rapidly pulsating
microwave beam that penetrates electronic components. The pulsing action
internally excites the components, rapidly generating intense heat which
causes them to fuse or melt, thus destroying the circuit...HPM (weapons)
attack at the speed of light thus making avoidance of the beam impossible,
consequently negating the advantage of weapon systems such as high velocity
- In other words, with this kind of weapon there is no
machine which could get by this invisible wall of directed energy. Another
report on non-lethal technologies, issued by the Council on Foreign Relations
points out that, "The Nairobi Convention, to which the United States
is a signatory, prohibits the broadcast of electronic signals into a sovereign
state without its consent in peacetime." This report opens discussion
of the use of these weapons against terrorists and drug traffickers. The
CFR report recommends this be done secretly so the victims do not know
where the attack is from, or if there even is an attack.
- There is a problem with this approach. The use of these
weapons, even against these kinds of individuals, may be in violation of
United States law in that it presumes guilt rather than innocence. In other
words the police, CIA, DEA or other enforcement organizations become the
judge, jury and executioner. Going to another document by a Captain Paul
Tyler, we can look at the debate between classical theories and recent
research. There is a gulf of conflict between these two schools of thought.
The debate centers on the classical idea that only ionizing radiation (that
which generates heat in tissue) can cause reactions in the body, while
new research indicates that subtle, small, amounts of energy can cause
reactions as well. What Tyler wrote in 1984, as an officer in the Air Force,
puts the debate simply. He said, "Even though the body is basically
an electrochemical system, modern science has almost exclusively studied
the chemical aspects of the body and to date has largely neglected the
- However, over the past decade researchers have devised
many mathematical models to approximate the internal fields in animals
and humans. Some of the later models have shown general agreement with
experimental measurements made with the phantom models and animals. Presently
most scientists in the field use the concept of specific absorption rate
for determining the Dosimetry (dosages) of electromagnetic radiation. Specific
absorption rate is the intensity of the internal electric field or quantity
of energy absorbed...However, the use of these classical concepts of electrodynamics
does not explain some experimental results and clinical findings.
- For example, according to classical physics, the frequency
of visible light would indicate that it is reflected or totally absorbed
within the first few millimeters of tissue and thus no light should pass
through significant amounts of tissue. But it does. Also, classical theory
indicates that the body should be completely invisible to extremely low
frequencies of light where a single wave length is thousands of miles long.
However, visible light has been used in clinical medicine to transilluminate
various body tissues." In other words, the classical theories are
partially wrong in that they do not fully explain all of the reactions
which are observed in the body. The Navy has abstracted over a thousand
international professional papers by private and government scientists
which explore these issues.
- Tyler continues, "A second area where classical
theory fails to provide an adequate explanation for observed effects is
in the clinical use of extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields.
Researchers have found that pulsed external magnetic fields at frequencies
below 100 Hertz (pulses/cycles per second) will stimulate the healing of
nonunion fractures, congenital pseudarthroses, and failed arthroses. The
effects of these pulsed magnetic fields have been extremely impressive,
and their use in orthopaedic conditions has been approved by the Food and
- Even the FDA, one of the most vigorous regulatory authorities
in the country, accepts these non-thermal effects. Tyler adds, "Recently,
pulsed electromagnetic fields have been reported to induce cellular transcription
(this has to do with the duplication or copying of information from DNA,
a process important to life).
- At the other end of the non-ionizing spectrum, research
reports are also showing biological effects that are not predicted in classical
theories. For example, Kremer and others have published several papers
showing that low intensity millimeter waves produce biological effects.
They have also shown that not only are the effects seen at very low power,
but they are also frequency-specific." Tyler goes on to discuss the
results of this new thinking and the possible effects of these low energy
radiations in terms of information transfer and storage, and their effects
on the nervous system. Research has shown that very specific frequencies
cause very specific reactions, and, once a critical threshold is passed,
negative reactions occur.
- It has been fourteen years since Tyler,s paper was delivered
and the controversy began to take form. Now there is even more energy being
pressed into the anchoring of the newest means of killing and maiming one
another. "Imagine a world where land mines don,t blow up but give
off an eerie sound that makes intruders feel sick. Or a war where attackers
don,t use missiles to stop tanks but microwaves to shut down engines."
The Institute for Non-Lethal Defense Technologies at Penn State College
has been established in cooperation with the United States Marines. The
institute was created to evaluate weapons created by organizations outside
the military. The new institute will look at legal, ethical, political,
environmental and physical effects of these new technologies. There has
been a good deal of speculation about the possibilities of creating artificial
weather and of controlling the weather. This it not new and has been the
subject of on-going military research for decades.
- Moreover, in 1976 the United States signed international
treaties calling for a ban on "geophysical warfare". The use
of new weapons is not limited to governments and sophisticated science
laboratories. In April, 1997, the United States Secretary of Defense, William
Cohen made the following comment: "Others are engaging even in an
eco-type of terrorism whereby they can alter climate, set off earthquakes
and volcanoes remotely through the use of electromagnetic waves."
This is not new either but has its roots in 1960-70's era research by American
scientists and continues to appear in numerous articles and reports. The
idea of creating artificial weather including cyclones is being explored.
In a recent article in the Wall Street Journal it was reported that "a
Malaysian company, BioCure Sdn. Bhd., will sign a memorandum of understanding
soon with a government-owned Russian party to produce the Cyclone."
The deal with the Russians was set up so that if the technology did not
work the Malaysians did not have to pay for the attempt. There have been
other reports of Russian research into this area.
- What else might be on the way? In a 1989 patent a most
interesting bit of science is revealed. The development of new energy weapons
has occupied the imaginations and resources of our national and private
laboratories. One such weapon idea is owned by the United States Department
of Energy. It is a new kind of weapon which allows electromagnetic or acoustic
energy to be focused into a tight package of energy which can be projected
over great distances without dissipating. When scientists thought of this
energy being projected through the air it was always assumed that the energy
would dissipate, dispersing at such a rapid rate that no weapon,s effect
could be realized.
- What has been discovered is that there is a way to create
such a system. In a U. S. patent the following summary appears: "The
invention relates generally to transmission of pulses of energy, and more
particularly to the propagation of localized pulses of electromagnetic
or acoustic energy over long distances without divergence." "As
the Klingon battle cruiser attacks the Starship Enterprise, Captain Kirk
commands "Fire photon torpedoes". Two darts or blobs of light
speed toward their target to destroy the enemy spaceship. Stardate 1989,
Star Trek reruns, or 3189, somewhere in intergalactic space. Fantasy or
reality. The ability to launch localized packets of light or other energy
which do not diverge as they travel great distances through space may incredibly
be at hand." The patent describes the energy effect as "electromagnetic
missiles or bullets" which could destroy almost any object in their
path. Remember Star Wars? That weapon concept would move the theater of
war to space.
- In 1995, the funding for Star Wars was widely reported
as a dead issue when full funding was defeated by the United States Congress.
Star Wars did not end. As many unpopular programs do - they just get new
names. "This year the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (once
called the Strategic Defense Initiative) got $3.7 billion. That,s up from
$2.8 billion in 1995, and is very near the peak level spent during the
Cold War." What is interesting is that - the billions spent on Star
Wars systems, which these became known as, were only for "research"
according to the military,s mission statement. The technology is being
advanced in the hope that a system might be developed early in the next
century. The external threats are now being characterized as rogue states
and terrorist organizations which might gain delivery technologies. While
the threats are not imagined and need to be addressed, it is not responsible
to create word games which end public debate and allow systems thought
to be discontinued the latitude to proceed.
- In several recent news reports in Alaska the issue of
a new defense initiative has begun to surface. United States Senator Ted
Stevens, the Chairman of the most powerful committee in the Congress, is
insisting that a new system be created which protects Alaska and Hawaii.
The current defense system for intercontinental ballistic missiles does
not protect these regions. Additionally, President Clinton has made statements
that the problem of Alaska and Hawaii should be addressed. The suggestions
now being filed include basing the new 11 billion dollar system in Alaska.
What is also interesting is the discussion surrounding agreements with
the former Soviet Union which preclude such an initiative. The rationale
of some elected officials suggests that "if the Soviet Union no longer
exists then these agreements are no longer in effect". Earthpulse
takes the position that this approach is highly-destabilizing and provocative
particularly given the state of domestic policy and ideological shifts
taking place in Russia. In another "offshoot of the Reagan administration,s
Strategic Defense Initiative" satellite-disabling lasers have been
- A test, at less than full power, was performed at the
end of 1997 to demonstrate the ability of the system to hit its target.
The demonstration was a success and now many are concerned that this may
provoke an arms race in space. This is the same concern which was raised
when this technology was first discussed in public forums. There was a
good deal of objection and yet here we are two decades later delivering
on the "impossible" technology.
- New energy weapons have been described as being capable
of creating symptoms of sea sickness, signals can be used to resonate the
inner organs to cause pain and spasms, induce epileptic-like seizures or
cause cardiac arrest. Other weapons include, according to the article,
those which cause or prevent sleep, override voluntary muscle movements
or otherwise affect the brain. The "Black Widow" overrides muscle
movement with 100,000 units being added to the Russian government,s arsenal
in recent years. "The term 'psycho-terrorism, was coined by Russian
writer N. Anisimov of the Moscow Anti-Psychotronic Center. According to
Anisimov psychotronic weapons are those that act to 'take away a part of
the information which is stored in a man,s brain. It is sent to a computer,
which reworks it to the level needed for those who need to control a man,
and the modified information is then reinserted into the brain., These
weapons are used against the mind to induce hallucinations, sickness, mutations
in human cells, zombification,, or even death. Included in the arsenal
are VHF generators, X-rays, ultrasound, and radio waves.
- Russian army Major I. Chernishev, writing in the military
journal Orienteer in February 1997, asserted that psy, weapons are under
development all over the globe. Specific types of weapons noted by Chernishev
(not all of which have prototypes) were:
- * A psychotronic generator, which produces powerful electromagnetic
emanation capable of being sent through telephone lines, TV, radio networks,
supply pipes and incandescent lamps.
- * An autonomous generator, a device that operates in
the 10-150 Hertz band, which at the 10-20 Hertz band forms an infrasonic
oscillation that is destructive to all living creatures.
- * A nervous system generator, designed to paralyze the
central nervous systems of insects, which could have the same applicability
- * Ultrasonic emanations, which one institute claims to
have developed. Devices using ultrasound emanations are supposedly capable
of carrying out bloodless internal operations without leaving a mark on
the skin. They can also, according to Chernishev, be used to kill.
- * Noiseless cassettes. Chernishev claims that the Japanese
have developed the ability to place infra-low frequency voice patterns
over music, patterns that are detected by the subconscious. Russians claim
to be using similar "bombardments" with computer programming
to treat alcoholism and smoking.* The 25th-frame effect, alluded to above,
a technique wherein each 25th frame of a movie reel or film footage contains
a message that is picked up by the subconscious.
- * Psychotropics, defined as medical preparations used
to induce a trance, euphoria, or depression. Referred to as "slow-acting
mines,".... Symptoms include headaches, noises, voices or commands
in the brain, dizziness, pain in the abdominal cavities, cardiac arrhythmia,
or even the destruction of the cardiovascular system.
- In the course of research by Dr. Janet Morris, coauthor
of The Warriors Edge, in 1991 was given a tour of the Russian Department
of Psycho-Correction at the Moscow Medical Academy where she was shown
a method whereby researchers could monitor the human mind of an individual
and then using infra-sound, very low frequency transmissions, a message
could be transmitted subliminally to the brain. Earthpulse has a device
designed for behavior modification and other applications which can demonstrate
this "infra-sound" effect. The Russian research suggested the
vigorous exploration also of the military possibilities of ESP research
including reading human thoughts, influencing objects at a distance, moving
objects with the mind or directly interfering with the thoughts of other
people. The U.S. has also followed this research and engaged in its own
explorations. The main point here is that other countries are engaging
in this kind of research with the expressed purpose of attacking the physical
bodies of their adversaries. Research efforts by private and government
labs continue to be advanced.
- The issue of acoustic or sound transfer to the human
brain of radio frequency radiation (RFR) in the public literature was summarized
in June 1996 in a document Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation:
A Review Pertinent to Air Force Operations (Al/OE-TR-1996-0035). This document
was prepared by the Air Force Materiel Command located at Brooks Air Force
Base, Texas. The report summarized a number of the studies on the effect
of RFR for military applications. This information builds on the earlier
efforts of the military in RFR research, specifically the call for weapons
research in this area.
- An earlier work prepared to advance this research was
put together by the same organization - Radiofrequency Radiation Dosimetry
Handbook, United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks
Air Force Base, Texas, October 1986. This publication is an index to research
and a summary of findings into the specific radio frequency effects on
the various parts of the human body. In "Radical Destabilizing Effects
of New Technologies" written by Thomas Adams for the U.S. Army War
College,s publication, Parameters (Autumn 1998), three areas continue to
grow in importance in both civilian and military environments. Information
systems, biotechnology and nanotechnology are mutually reinforcing in their
development and are changing the very nature of knowledge disbursement.
The advances in these areas, according to the article, are transferring
enormous power and potential to the general public.
- Technology is advancing in a way which is creating a
diffusion of power best exemplified by the Internet. The Internet places
huge research resources at the fingertips of anyone willing to ask a question
and pursue a line of thinking. The results can be incredible. While for
many individuals it represents an opportunity to expand and advance knowledge,
for military planners the idea that knowledge allowing access to powerful
technologies can not be restricted creates a great deal of fear. The article
expressed concern that the availability of the technology emerging from
these three areas could shift power in a way which could create greater
breakups of composite states such as the former Soviet Union and increase
the possibility in China and other parts of the world.
- One of the primary concerns in this article dealt with
access to this new technology becoming a destabilizing force within regions.
Specifically, the article suggested that organized crime, private armies,
urban gangs, insurgents, regional separatists, conspiracy theory terrorists,
radical cults, neo-Luddites, and violent environmentalists together with
anti-government militias and "hobbyists" who disrupt information
systems as a form of recreation, will gain access to this new technology.
The future, to a great extent, is already here. What remains of this predicted
future to occur has probably already been designed or will be in the next
- Already the privacy of individuals is compromised by
every purchase we make where the information is digitized. From the list
of goods purchased at the store with a scanner and charged to a debit or
credit card to all telephone calls and other forms of communication - all
are transparent to those who have access to the systems. In the future,
given the pace of miniaturization and information processing, it will soon
be possible to monitor all forms of communication, create miniature surveillance
equipment at a cost where the monitoring of inner cities, then whole cites
and regions will be possible. In March 1998 a paper, "Non-Lethal Technologies:
Implications for Military Strategy", was authored by U.S. Air Force
Colonel Joseph Siniscalchi and published by the Center for Strategy and
Technology, Air War College, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. The paper
suggests that a "focus on Global Management" is the direction
of militaries because the overriding unifying force of the great powers
of the United States, Europe, Japan, China and Russia is now a shared and
interdependent economic system driven by expansion and growth. The lack
of competing ideologies with the exception of China removes the primary
threats to global security and replaces them with new ones.
- These new military threats are groups or "non-state
actors" motivated by religious causes, nationalism, ethnic rivalries
and narco-interests. Dealing with these groups in the territorial boundaries
of other countries limits military intervention or, at least it was assumed
so, until the United States attacked a suspected terrorist organization
inside Afghanistan. The distance from adversaries is also increasing primarily
because of the accuracy and range of conventional arms and because of the
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. War will resemble more of
a video game for those countries using the most sophisticated technologies,
removing the fighting person from the conflict entirely. What does this
- In the past when wars were fought there was always the
distaste for conflict based on the actual experience of war on the battlefield.
Returning men and women had a high motivation for guarding against future
conflict because of the emotional impact of warfare. Not so now. With these
new systems a few operators can level a region without any contact with
those they kill. The military insists that because of the changes in the
nature of the conflicts that there is greater need to bring forward the
newest weapons with the hope that these new systems will minimize noncombatant
casualties, reduce property destruction and increase control in areas judged
to be a threat. The proliferation of first and second generation non-lethal
weapons will occur quickly because the technologies and equipment are not
uniue and are widely available to those with the knowledge to use and assemble
- These same advances make possible the use of these new
technologies against governments, with the increases in electronic sophistication
making developed countries, systems even more vulnerable to attack. An
additional risk with the use of these new non-lethal systems is the risk
of conflict escalation. If a country is unable to counterattack in kind
it will likely resort to conventional war fighting methods, terrorism or
weapons of mass destruction.
- The idea that non-lethal weapons could be used in conflicts
with the emerging threats of "non-state" actors presupposes that
all of the conflict participants are operating at the same "logic
or rational thought basis" or that they make decisions based on similar
value-sets. This is a bad and inaccurate assumption given the history of
conflicts involving these players. The fact is they do not react in predictable
ways and to expect them to be coerced by new systems is probably unrealistic
and may serve to only increase the combatants resolve. The newer technologies
offer militaries and states the possibility of non-visible combat. The
idea that a country,s communications, power generation and transfer systems,
and all forms of electronic data processing can be shut down is mind boggling.
The paper suggests that adding this factor to economic sanctions would
increase the immediacy of the effect of such sanctions and eliminate all
access to supply. As an example: "...disrupting television, radio,
and commercial communications can isolate a state,s leadership, or denying
electrical production can grind an economy to a halt." "...The
following are examples of non-lethal technologies that are employed to
- To enforce sanctions, EMP munitions, delivered via cruise
or air launched missiles, can disable suspect shipping within a designated
restricted area. EMP sea mines may be employed in the restricted area to
deter any maritime traffic. The port activities can be disrupted via air-launched
EMP weapons to disable electronic components of infrastructure equipment
and the electronic ignition of transportation vehicles at selected port
areas." One of the things which has always bothered me as a researcher
is how the little guy is always held to a high standard of accountability
while big organizations get away with murder. I am not suggesting that
individuals should be held to a lesser standard - quite to the contrary.
Organizations responsible for the security of our nation should be held
to the highest standards. We must ask ourselves what these agencies are
charged with protecting and whether their actions follow the values expressed
in law. Are there reasons that the government should be excused from meeting
the requirements of the law? Is there good cause for hiding behind laws
which allow for the exploitation of other laws? An article appeared recently
which illustrates the point, as follows:
- "A former CIA officer from the agency,s top secret
black bag, unit that breaks into foreign embassies to steal code books
was charged with espionage Friday for tipping off two countries about the
CIA,s success in compromising their communications." Douglas Groat
was fired in 1996 from the CIA,s Science and Technology Directorate and
could now face the death penalty. These super secret teams are sent around
the world to break into embassies and other locations to steal codes and
other information so that the National Security Agency (NSA) can intercept
a country,s classified communications and know their contents. The article
concluded, "The CIA has never publicly acknowledged the existence
of its 'black-bag, teams because their operations, are by their nature,
illegal. And they not only target America,s adversaries but embassies of
- Consider the contents of this article from the perspective
of one of our allies. Remember a few years ago the outrage of our government
when we discovered that the State of Israel was using its intelligence
gathering resources in the U.S. It was an outrage - or was it just the
game we all play? Why should we expect anything less of our allies then
we expect of ourselves? One of the hidden aspects of these new systems
as well as a major complication for all countries relying on complex computer
systems to operate their war making and civilian systems is the Y2K computer
bug. This is a situation where certain computer programs and hardware circuits
have been designed to interpret which year it is, based on the last two
digits of the year. We can all think of the forms we have completed or
the times when for a date we just give the last two numbers such as '98'
when indicating the date.
- In the August 6, 1998 issue of Computer Weekly an article
titled "G8 Triggers Date Bug Fear" appeared. In the article it
was disclosed that: "Minutes from a closed door meeting of officials
from the G8 group...show that the nuclear industries have been identified
as being at risk from the date bug." The article went on to describe
some of the potential problems with only a few hundred days remaining until
the calendar turns over to the next millennium. The third world and even
industrialized countries, particularly Eastern Europe, are a particular
"worry" according to the report. The potential for problems in
the nuclear industry, financial sectors, and military forces relying on
communication, information and transportation systems which may be adversely
effected are huge and, for the most part, full of risks which have not
been assessed. The reliance on these systems is causing bleak forecasts
for the future and may even, in the most extreme scenarios being put forward
by experts from around the world, push the planet into a large scale recession
or possibly depression. The potential risks are growing and government
assurances of being able to resolve the problem are unrealistic according
to the experts in the field. In the United States, audits conducted by
the government on military systems reported to be compliant and ready for
the calendar change have in many instances indicated their non-compliance.
- For weapon systems, communications and transportation
the impact could be devastating. The HAARP story provided an opportunity
for Earthpulse as a beginning point of our investigations into new weapon
system developments. Of particular interest, given my background, was the
public policy considerations of the deployment of these new weapons in
the context of democratic and free societies. The ethical and moral questions
which are not being adequately debated and addressed has become the greater
focus of our work. HAARP, although it occupies the majority of our time,
represents a very small fraction of our work. In this presentation I hoped
to disclose some of the technology which is here now and advancing rapidly.
More than this, I am hopeful that the information would be useful in assessing
the state of technology from what appears in some of the open literature.
- What has happened in the United States, which has allowed
segments of our government to set agendas which run counter to the values
most of us hold? The transparency of government - the idea that we should
be able to look into our government and see clearly the values of the population
reflected there is an absolute expectation. Are there risks in transparent
government? Yes, an open society necessitates that certain risks be taken.
As technology advances, the ability to control populations and manipulate
outcomes also advances. Because we know how to control the weather, create
earthquakes, force behavioral changes and manipulate the physiology of
people does not mean that we should do so. The age we are in requires even
greater safeguards of personal freedoms, not further constraints upon them.
If freedom is what is being defended then maintaining the values which
form the basis of freedom is what must be inherent in the actions our governments
take in creating aspects of our reality.
- The Cold War is not over, but has changed. We know that
there are concerns which, being a free people, we must address and bring
to the attention of others. We believe that the greatest threat to freedom
is an over-oppressive and increasingly secretive government. To many, the
government has shifted from one "of the people, by the people and
for the people" to a government "of special interests, for their
own benefit, at the peoples, expense". What went wrong, and where
it went wrong, to a large extent, is a product of the intelligence bureaucracies
which thrive through one administration to the next with unrestrained growth.
These secretive bureaucracies hide more and more of their agendas under
a cloak of "national security", while drifting further from the
principles which have allowed democratic states to exist. Secret government
policy is not sanctioned by the free will of the population, and threatens
the core beliefs of liberty, honest government and public responsibility.
- The only truly free people are those who live in an open
society, a society which cherishes above all the right of men and women
to control and set the values that their government should reflect. These
are the popularly set values which must be pressed into the philosophy
of all projects, policies and programs our governments seek to institute.
No program should be permitted to grow out of democratic governments which
does not reflect the values and will of those governed. Our military and
economic policies are increasingly empty of the values upon which our democratic
forms of government rest. What then is our calling in terms of what we
do with the information presented today? It is time to put human values
ahead of other agendas. It is time to drag our military institutions out
of their veil of secrecy to higher levels of accountability. It is time
for all people to recognize, and demand, that increases in security are
not made at the expense of freedom. The rights to privacy, free speech
and most importantly free.
- ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Report Presented to the World Foundation
for Natural Sciences on October 17,1998, Interlaken Switzerland Dr. Begich
is the author of "Angels Don't Play This HAARP", a report on
the U.S. Star War's-type weapon in Alaska (High Frequency Active Auroral
Research Program), and publisher of "Earthpulse Flashpoints"
and "Earthpulse Press in Anchorage, Alaska.He can be contacted at
www.earthpulse.com or Box 201393, Anchorage, Alaska 99520 USA, Telephone:
907-694-1277. Fax: 907-696-1277.
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