The End of the Line

Insect Transmission of HIV

Anyone who tells you categorically that AIDS is not contracted by saliva is not telling you the truth. AIDS may, in fact, be transmissible by saliva, tears, bodily fluids, and mosquito bites.
--Dr. William Haseltine, Chief of the Division of Retrovirology, Harvard University

Question: Reports indicate that as many as 40% of the AIDS-infected children in parts of Africa have AIDS-free mothers; how did they become infected?

Answer: Many of them became infected by insect bite.

Every major plague in history has been tied to some type of environmental factor. Cholera and typhoid are spread through contaminated water. Tuberculosis is commonly spread through fomites (towels, dishes, etc.) and aerosol water droplets spewed into the air through coughing and sneezing. One sneeze, for example, can expel 50,000 micro-droplets of water at up to '00 miles per hour traveling many feet away from the person who sneezes. Each one of these droplets is capable of carrying the disease. Smallpox was transmitted by fomites and food. With every other epidemic in history -- plague, yellow fever, typhus, malaria, denge fever, etc. -- insects were the vector of transmission.

A study in Zaire determined that children with malaria were several times more likely to test positive for AIDS. The only way to get malaria is through mosquito bites. The Pasteur Institute performed a study in '989 which showed that 30% of the mosquitoes in tested in Africa were infected with HIV. Lab studies in the U.S. have shown that mosquitoes which are allowed to feed on HIV-infected blood still retain active viruses in the blood cells they have consumed for up to 8 days. Many types of mosquitoes have a flying range of about 40 miles.

There are two main methods that the virus can be transmitted by insect bite: mechanical and biological. Blood products that remain on the biting mouth parts of the insect can be introduced into a new host simply through the mechanical act of biting through the victimıs skin. The virus can also reside comfortably in the saliva and digestive fluid of the insect and can be infused into subsequent victims through the mouth/feeding tube during the biting/feeding process at any time.

At this point in time, over 80 different species of virus are known to be transmitted to humans by mosquitoes and other blood-sucking insects such as fleas, ticks, head lice, biting flies, etc.

Dr. Jean Claude Chermann of the Pasteur Institute, in Paris, reported he has located the DNA of the AIDS virus in field specimens of virtually every African insect species that bites humans. He further determined that 30% of the insects tested contained the AIDS virus itself. This is particularly significant because in most insect-borne diseases only 3% of the insects are routinely found to be infected. This means that the AIDS virus is ten times more concentrated in these insects than usually considered necessary for insect transmission of a disease.

AIDS infectivity research pioneer Dr. William T. O'Connor (Chapter 7, AIDS Exposed ) made the following statement on insect transmission of HIV among humans:

If 'they' knew that insects could spread HIV, 'they' would certainly protect themselves, too, wouldnt 'they'? And 'they wouldn't hide that information, would 'they'!? Well, here's the 'they:' You mentioned the Pasteur Institute, it wasn't so much the Pasteur Institute, it was Dr. Jean-Claude Chermann who went to Africa and did the studies and found that HIV was in every insect that had contact with human blood. The...question is: can that (HIV) come out of their genome? Is it first spread through to the male line and is it found in the non-bloodsucking mosquitoes...the male mosquitoes? Guess what? It was in the male population of mosquitoes.

The big question is, can active, infective viral particles get out of that (male) mosquito? When Jean-Claude Chermann was asked by me, in person, when I met him in Marseilles and toured his facility, he said he had received death threats. And he elected to stop studying it.

The scientific question as to whether insects can carry HIV is (officially) unanswered. And it is unanswered because the leading virologist in the world (on the subject) cared more about his family and himself. I don't blame him! If somebody told me, 'You keep up that line of research and we will kill you,' I'd stop, too.

In Africa, in '88, no one was infected, not even the prostitutes. Now, in Central Africa, you can see up to 60% of given populations infected. I'm saying that in a decade, you can't rely on just sex (transmission) to do that. And it isn't hard to catch! That is what Surgeon General Koop told us, 'Hard to catch! Hard to catch! You have to have sex with someoneıs rectum to get it. Or, inject blood or drink a quart of saliva in order to even get a probability of one viral particle infecting you.' Well, all of that was lies! But yet, he was the Surgeon General and he gets $10,000 per speaking engagement. He didn't do so badly, did he?

Internationally recognized AIDS researcher, Dr. Robert Strecker (Chapter 2 AIDS Exposed ), had the following response when asked the simple question: Can insects transmit this virus?

Oh, absolutely yes! If you look at the relatives of the AIDS virus, known close relatives including: Bovine Leukemia virus, Visna virus, Equine Infectious Anemia virus, Encephalitis virus...all of them are vector borne...all of them are transmitted by insects. And AIDS, coming from Bovine Leukemia virus and Visna virus, would be out of character if it were not transmitted by insects.

In addition, mosquitoes are known to ingest about 5-8 white blood cells during each feeding, which are known to survive intact in the stomach of a mosquito for up to 8 days. And a mosquito has a range, in some cases, of up to 40 miles, and during the next feeding those white blood cells are easily regurgitated into the new host.

The burden of proof lies on anybody who says that AIDS is not transferred by mosquitoes. Of course, they always say, 'Well, there's no evidence of that.' The truth of the matter is they really havenıt looked at it. It's a very simple test: we will let 1,000 mosquitoes feed on AIDS-infected blood, then we'll let them stick their hand into the cage and be bitten by the mosquitoes and well then see if they contract AIDS. A very simple test...but nobody has yet agreed to do it!

Does all of this mean that if you are bitten by a mosquito you should run down for an AIDS test? No. It means, however, that one should be aware that biting insects transmit many viruses and bacteria from person to person and that they certainly CAN transmit HIV. As the number of infected continues to increase in the U.S. raising the chances of insects vectoring HIV, it becomes incumbent upon anyone who wishes to stay well to consider insect bites to be a serious matter, especially in urban areas with high rates of AIDS.

Certainly, HIV infected individuals do not always have the same amount of viral load in their bloodstream during their illness and could be bitten but not yield any infected blood cells to the insect in question. Furthermore, some species of biting insects feed and then digest before feeding again. But for how long do which insects go between feedings? When one considers how many children in Africa, for instance, have AIDS and come from AIDS-free households, insects must be considered as a prime factor in their infections. Dr. Jean-Claude Chermanns research stands on its own.

Human Bite Transmits HIV (6-24-96)

Describing this case in the British Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, Eastern European researchers reported that a 47-year old man who had HIV and advanced AIDS had a seizure at his neighbor's house. The neighbor, a 53-year old man, put his fingers into the infected man's mouth in an attempt to open his airway and help him breath, said Dr. Ludvik Vidmar, an infectious disease specialist at the Clinical Center in the Republic of Slovenia.

The man with AIDS subsequently bit the neighbor on his hand, splitting one of his fingernails and leaving teeth imprints on his skin, although the bite wound did not bleed. The healthy man who had been bitten noticed that there was blood on the AIDS victim's lips caused when he bit his own tongue, Vidmar said.

Although the man initially tested negative for HIV, his doctors assumed he had the disease anyway and started him on a course of AZT treatment only 10 hours after the incident. The reason: standard blood tests (ELISA and Western Blot) often are not accurate until weeks or months after infection has begun when the body mounts its antibody response against the virus.

The good neighbor tested positive for HIV 54 days after being bitten. The AIDS victim who had the seizure died 13 days after biting his friend. The bitten neighbor had been married for 23 years and said he had no other sex partner and that his wife was HIV-negative. He denied ever injecting drugs and had never had a blood transfusion, Vidmar stated.

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